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未成年人犯罪的原因分析及其心理矫治

发布时间:2019-01-11 18:07  文章来源:笔耕文化传播
【摘要】: 当今社会,未成年人违法犯罪已经成为整个社会关注的热点问题。本文从工作实践的要求出发,通过展示一例未成年违法犯罪学员的家庭社会背景、生活经历、违法事实、心理特征等资料,分析影响其违法行为的各种因素的相互作用,试图利用心理咨询相关技术给予其干预和帮助,寻求对其有利的干预方法或技术,并为未教场所心理矫治工作者提出有针对性的建议。 本研究以河南省未成年人劳动教养管理所的学员为对象,进行定量与定性分析,并选取个案分析法作为主要研究方法,通过对一名因盗窃而被强制接受劳动教养的学员进行心理矫治,缓解其焦虑情绪,纠正其不合理认知,同时,以此为依据探讨影响未成年人违法犯罪的家庭、学校、社会以及个人认知因素。其中,对该学员的心理矫治采取自由联想技术、宣泄技术以及合理情绪心理疗法。最后,本文在分析当前未成年人犯罪心理矫治不足的基础上提出一些粗浅的构想,以期对未教场所心理矫治的进步提供有益探索。 研究结果: 第一,影响未成年人违法犯罪的因素是多方面的。家庭方面、学校方面、社会方面以及未成年人自身的因素都是造成未成年人犯罪的主要原因。个案分析的结果和笔者对整个河南省未教团体的调查相符。 第二,心理矫治是纠正劳教人员错误的认知、不良的行为习惯、人格障碍以及治疗心理疾病的重要途径之一,在劳教场所中的作用越来越突出,已成为劳教系统中挽救劳教人员的一种新型、科学、有效的手段。 第三,目前我国劳教系统心理矫治工作的发展很不平衡,工作的质量和水平还不十分理想,需要在实践的过程中不断加强,在心理矫治的组织机构、专业队伍以及矫治的正规化方面不断取得新的进步。
[Abstract]:Nowadays, juvenile delinquency has become a hot issue in the whole society. Starting from the requirements of work practice, this paper analyzes the interaction of various factors affecting the illegal behavior of a minor criminal student by showing the family social background, life experience, illegal facts, psychological characteristics, and so on. This paper attempts to make use of the relevant techniques of psychological counseling to give them intervention and help, to seek beneficial intervention methods or techniques, and to put forward targeted suggestions for psychological correction workers in untaught places. This research takes the students of Henan Provincial Juvenile Reeducation through Labor Management Institute as the object, carries on the quantitative and qualitative analysis, and selects the case analysis method as the main research method. Through psychological correction of a student who was forced to undergo reeducation through labor because of theft, to alleviate his anxiety and correct his unreasonable cognition, at the same time, on the basis of this, to discuss the influence on the family and school of juvenile delinquency. Social and personal cognitive factors. Among them, free association technique, catharsis technique and rational emotional psychotherapy were used to correct the student's psychology. Finally, on the basis of analyzing the deficiency of the psychological correction of juvenile delinquency at present, this paper puts forward some superficial ideas in order to provide a beneficial exploration for the progress of psychological correction in untaught places. The results are as follows: first, the factors affecting juvenile delinquency are various. Family, school, society and minors themselves are the main causes of juvenile delinquency. The result of case analysis is consistent with the investigation of the whole untaught group in Henan Province. Second, psychological correction is one of the important ways to correct the wrong cognition, bad behavior habit, personality disorder and treatment of mental illness of the reeducation through labor personnel, and its role is more and more prominent in the place of reeducation through labor. It has become a new, scientific and effective means to save the reeducation through labor system. Third, at present, the development of psychological correction in our country's re-education through labor system is very uneven, the quality and level of the work are not very ideal, it needs to be continuously strengthened in the process of practice, and it needs to be strengthened in the organization of psychological correction. Professional teams and orthodontic regularization continue to make new progress.
【学位授予单位】:郑州大学
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2010
【分类号】:C913.5

【引证文献】

相关硕士学位论文 前1条

1 海岭;对未成年犯人的管理研究[D];内蒙古师范大学;2013年



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