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中越边民通婚法律问题调研报告

发布时间:2018-07-11 21:55  文章来源:笔耕文化传播

  本文选题:中越边民 + 非法婚姻 ; 参考:《广西师范大学》2012年硕士论文


【摘要】:中越两国相邻,边民的跨国通婚状况早就存在,他们语言相通,文化相近,生活习惯差异不大,货币在边贸地区也是可以彼此自由流通的。中国一东盟自由贸易区的建立、发展和繁荣,促进了两国边民之间的交流和融合。随着中越两国人民之间交往日益频繁,涉外婚姻的数量呈上升趋势。但是,中越边民的通婚现状还存在一些问题,这些问题为政府部门的管理带来困扰,同时也为边民所关注,影响他们的切身利益。因此,本调研报告旨在了解我国边民跨国通婚的现状和我国法律在中越边民通婚的适用状况,进一步了解相关情况,进而找出问题根源,完善边民通婚的法律问题,维护中越边民跨国婚姻家庭的稳定和利益,推进边境婚姻的法制建设。 在调研中,我们相继走访了凭祥市、崇左市、宁明县那堪乡等地,对当地的民政局、派出所进行了相关政策和数据的了解,对跨国通婚的边民家庭情况进行了细致的采访和深入的了解。通过数据和材料总结出中越边民通婚的主要状况:近年来,随着越南的生活条件改善和经济的恢复,越南妇女因为贫困而嫁到我国农村的人数呈下降趋势;但与此同时,边民进行登记的结婚数量也呈缓慢增长趋势。非法婚姻不仅本身存在很多弊端,同时也带来很多的问题,主要表现在:嫁过来的越南妇女不能取得中国国籍;不利于保障嫁入我国越南妇女的权益;严重影响了边境地区的社会治安管理;影响我国的计划生育政策和家庭的稳定;非法婚姻给政府部门的管理造成了很大的阻碍。 通过研究和分析,非法婚姻问题的存在原因主要是由于边境地区经济水平的限制;边民法律意识的淡薄和跨国婚姻的办理手续的繁琐。因此,通过现状的分析和原因的探究,我提出增进上下交流,了解彼此需求;规范相关立法,加强双边合作;增强文化教育,加强经济建设,开放边民思想:根据民族特色,发挥自治优势的四点建议。 中越边民通婚法律问题的完善,有利于边境地区的长治久安,有利于跨国婚姻家庭的幸福稳定,有利于边境婚姻管理制度的整体进步,有利于建设具有中国特色的社会主义和谐社会。
[Abstract]:The border people of China and Vietnam have long had their intermarriage situation. They have the same language, similar culture, little difference in living habits, and the currency can circulate freely in the border trade area. The establishment, development and prosperity of China-ASEAN Free Trade area promoted the exchange and integration between the border people of the two countries. With the increasing exchanges between the Chinese and Vietnamese peoples, the number of foreign-related marriages is on the rise. However, there are still some problems in the intermarriage between the border people of China and Vietnam. These problems have troubled the management of the government, and have also been concerned by the border people and affected their vital interests. Therefore, the purpose of this research report is to understand the current situation of cross-border intermarriage among border people in China and the application of Chinese law in Sino-Vietnamese border marriage, to further understand the relevant situation, and then to find out the root causes of the problems, and to perfect the legal problems of border intermarriage. To safeguard the stability and interests of cross-border marriage and family, and to promote the legal construction of border marriage. In the course of the investigation, we visited Pingxiang City, Chongzuo City, Nakan Township of Ningming County and other places one after another, to understand the relevant policies and data of the local civil affairs bureau and police station. This paper makes a detailed interview and in-depth understanding of the families of border people who intermarry across the border. In recent years, with the improvement of living conditions and economic recovery in Vietnam, the number of Vietnamese women marrying to rural areas due to poverty is on the decline, but at the same time, Border people to register the number of marriages also showed a slow growth trend. Illegal marriage not only has many disadvantages, but also brings a lot of problems, such as: the Vietnamese women can not acquire Chinese nationality, the rights and interests of the Vietnamese women married into our country can not be safeguarded and the rights and interests of the Vietnamese women married into our country can not be protected. It has seriously affected the social security management in the border areas; affected the family planning policy and family stability in China; and the illegal marriage has caused great obstacles to the management of government departments. Through research and analysis, the reason for the existence of illegal marriage is mainly due to the limitation of economic level in border areas, the weak legal consciousness of border people and the cumbersome procedures for handling transnational marriages. Therefore, through the analysis of the current situation and the exploration of the reasons, I proposed to enhance exchanges between the top and bottom, to understand each other's needs, to standardize relevant legislation, to strengthen bilateral cooperation, to strengthen cultural education, to strengthen economic construction, and to open the frontier people's thinking: according to national characteristics, Four suggestions for giving full play to the advantages of autonomy. The perfection of the legal issues concerning the intermarriage between the border people of China and Vietnam is conducive to the long-term stability of the border areas, the happiness and stability of transnational marriage and families, and the overall progress of the border marriage management system. It is conducive to building a harmonious socialist society with Chinese characteristics.
【学位授予单位】:广西师范大学
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2012
【分类号】:D913;D997

【参考文献】

相关期刊论文 前4条

1 汪传海;张静;;中越婚姻制度比较研究[J];创新;2009年07期

2 罗文青;;和平与交往:广西边境地区跨国婚姻问题初探[J];广西师范大学学报(哲学社会科学版);2006年01期

3 金治泉;中越边民通婚的现状及法律思考[J];广西大学学报(哲学社会科学版);1995年01期

4 李娟;龙耀;;中越边民跨国婚姻法律问题探析[J];广西政法管理干部学院学报;2007年01期



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