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局部战争的难民权利保护问题研究

发布时间:2019-01-12 08:38  文章来源:笔耕文化传播
【摘要】:由于国际难民法在理论和实践均尚不完善,故笔者认为难民权利的保护问题仍是国际法学领域里研究的重要内容之一。本学位论文由前言、正文和结语三部分构成。前言部分结合当下“整体和平、局部动荡”的国际社会大背景,简述局部战争下难民权利保护的现状。 正文分为四个部分:第一部分主要阐述难民的历史渊源,难民定义经历三个阶段的演进,难民身份取得及丧失等问题,并结合与难民权利联系较为紧密的国际人权法和战争与武装冲突法加以论述。第二部分针对难民权利保护问题,侧重从理论和实践上论述难民权利保护的国际法原则,国际社会及部分国家对难民权利保护所作的努力。第三部分为重点部分,主要论述局部战争下难民权利的保护问题,并就近年来发生局部战争地区的难民状况为背景具体阐述其生存权、健康权等权利保护以及接纳国对其接纳与遣返的相关法律制度。第四部分以朝鲜半岛武装冲突为切入点探讨中国在朝鲜半岛可能发生战争时大量入境的朝鲜难民权利保护的对策,同时就中国构建难民权利保护的相关法律制度提出若干建议。结语部分在纵观国际社会对局部战争下难民权利保护现状的基础上,强调国与国之间的互助合作,加强国际交流,追求国际和平。 本论文的创新点体现在:第一,针对当今和未来局部战争导致的国际社会难民这一特殊群体进行专门研究,具有独创性。第二,依据国际法,探讨战争导致的无序入境难民的身份甄别、甄别后的适时遣返以及具有战争难民身份者在接纳国所应享有的个权,并将其规范成依法有序管理,具有新颖性。第三,在中国缺失国内难民法及朝鲜半岛可能发生战争的大背景下,探索重构中国对包括战争难民在内的所有难民权利保护的相关法律制度,具有前瞻性。
[Abstract]:Because the theory and practice of international refugee law are not perfect, the author thinks that the protection of refugee rights is still one of the important contents in the field of international law. This thesis consists of three parts: preface, text and conclusion. Based on the background of "whole peace and local turbulence", the preface describes the present situation of refugee rights protection in local war. The text is divided into four parts: the first part mainly expounds the historical origin of refugees, the evolution of refugee definition through three stages, the acquisition and loss of refugee status, and so on. International human rights law and the law of war and armed conflict, which are closely related to the rights of refugees, are also discussed. The second part focuses on the international law principles of refugee rights protection in theory and practice, and the efforts made by the international community and some countries to protect the rights of refugees. The third part focuses on the protection of the rights of refugees in local wars, and expounds their right to survival in the context of the refugee situation in areas where local wars have occurred in recent years. The protection of the right to health and the legal system of admission and repatriation by the receiving State. The fourth part takes the armed conflict on the Korean Peninsula as the starting point to discuss the countermeasures of the protection of the rights of Korean refugees who enter a large number of countries during the possible war on the Korean Peninsula, and at the same time puts forward some suggestions on the establishment of a relevant legal system for the protection of the rights of refugees in China. The conclusion part emphasizes the mutual assistance and cooperation between countries, strengthens international exchanges and pursues international peace on the basis of reviewing the status of refugee rights protection in local wars in the international community. The innovations of this thesis are as follows: first, the special research on refugees in the international community caused by local wars in the present and future is original. Secondly, to explore, in accordance with international law, the screening of the status of disordered refugees entering the country as a result of war, the timely repatriation after screening and the individual rights of persons with war refugee status in the host country, and to regulate them in an orderly manner in accordance with the law, Have novelty. Third, against the background of the absence of China's domestic refugee law and the possibility of war on the Korean Peninsula, it is forward-looking to explore and reconstruct China's relevant legal system for the protection of the rights of all refugees, including war refugees.
【学位授予单位】:浙江大学
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2012
【分类号】:D998.1

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