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建设“两型社会”语境下对政府行为的环保监管模式研究

发布时间:2018-05-17 01:21  文章来源:笔耕文化传播

  本文选题:两型社会 + 政府行为 ; 参考:《重庆大学》2010年硕士论文


【摘要】:党的十六届五中全会明确提出我国将建设环境友好型、资源节约型社会的目标。这个目标的提出无疑对我国环保事业的发展和环境与资源保护法学的发展起到积极的促进作用。从另一个角度讲,提出这一目标也是我国当前面临的环境资源保护的客观现实所决定的。近年来,我国的环境保护形势日趋严峻,资源短缺状况也随着经济的发展呈现出空前的供求矛盾紧张的状况。面对这些现实问题,国家出台了大量的法律法规以保护环境,节约资源。但是实践证明,尽管国家不断提高对环境和资源问题的重视程度,但实效不彰,并没有从根本上扭转在环境和资源问题上的被动局面。究其原因,监管不力是其中最重要的原因之一。在缺乏监管的前提下,任何的法令制度都难以发挥预期的效果。而在对各种社会主体的环保监管中,对于政府部门的监管尤其缺乏行之有效的模式,成为环保监管的薄弱环节。这就造成了政府自身行为时常违反环境友好、资源节约的理念而屡被社会所诟病,也在很大程度上成为了建设“两型社会”的阻碍因素。因此在当前建设“两型社会”的语境下,对政府行为的环保监管模式的研究就显得更加具有紧迫性和现实意义。本文将从政府的环境不友好、资源不节约行为出发,探究政府行为失范的内在与外在原因,分析现有监管模式存在的弊端,并对针对监管方式少、监管力度小、监管制度设计不科学、不合理的情况,提出几点具体措施,以期能够更好的规范和制约政府行为,使之符合两型社会的基本发展思路。
[Abstract]:The Fifth Plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee clearly stated that China will build an environment-friendly and resource-conserving society. This goal will undoubtedly play a positive role in promoting the development of environmental protection in China and the development of environmental and resource protection law. From another point of view, putting forward this goal is also decided by the objective reality of environmental resources protection that our country is facing at present. In recent years, the situation of environmental protection in our country is becoming more and more serious, and the shortage of resources is also showing an unprecedented contradiction between supply and demand with the development of economy. In the face of these practical problems, the state has issued a large number of laws and regulations to protect the environment and save resources. But practice has proved that although the state has been increasing the importance of environmental and resource issues, but the effectiveness of the problem is not effective, and has not fundamentally reversed the passive situation on environmental and resource issues. Investigate its reason, weak regulation is one of the most important reasons among them. In the absence of regulation, any legal system is difficult to play the desired effect. In the environmental supervision of various social subjects, the supervision of government departments is especially lack of effective mode, which has become a weak link of environmental protection supervision. As a result, the government's own behavior often violates the concept of environmental friendliness and conservation of resources and is criticized repeatedly by the society, and to a large extent, it has become an obstacle to the construction of a "two-oriented society". Therefore, in the context of building a "two-oriented society", the research on the environmental protection supervision model of government behavior is of more urgency and practical significance. Starting from the unfriendly environment of the government and the non-saving behavior of the resources, this paper will explore the internal and external reasons of the government's misconduct, analyze the drawbacks of the existing regulatory model, and aim at the lack of supervision mode and the weak supervision. The design of supervision system is unscientific and unreasonable, and some concrete measures are put forward in order to better regulate and restrict the government's behavior and make it conform to the basic development thinking of the two type society.
【学位授予单位】:重庆大学
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2010
【分类号】:D922.68

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