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生态旅游中的环境侵权研究

发布时间:2019-01-12 06:17  文章来源:笔耕文化传播
【摘要】:生态旅游作为一种新兴的旅游类型已经越来越受到大众欢迎,参加生态旅游的人次与日俱增,这既是经济发展的机遇,对于作为生态旅游基础的生态环境的承受能力来说也是一种严峻的考验,如何保护环境、预防生态旅游的污染事件,是发展生态旅游首要考虑的问题。在一个完善的生态旅游环境保护制度中,环境侵权是这一个主要方面,尤其针对在生态旅游中环境侵权的救济能否有效切实的进行,完善的法律制度是侵权得到有效救济的保障。生态旅游所依赖的生态环境是我们人类生存环境的重要基础,生态环境一旦遭到破坏,需要几倍的时间乃至几代人的努力才能恢复,甚至永远不能复原。上世纪中期以来人类已经认识到为了恢复和改善已经恶化的环境,我们必须做长期不懈的努力,任务是十分艰巨的,人类为其在工业社会发展中对环境的破坏已经付出了沉重的代价。目前正处于生态旅游的大规模发展阶段,更应该吸取历史的经验,做到稳定、有序、科学的发展生态旅游,不要把生态旅游资源作为我们人类发展中的又一个牺牲品,做到人与自然的和谐发展。本文结合生态旅游的发展特点以及我国目前的发展状况,以环境侵权的相关理论基础,对我国目前生态旅游的环境侵权法律制度进行分析并提出了构建我国生态旅游环境侵权法律制度的初步构想。本文除结语外共有三大部分: 第一部分对生态旅游环境侵权概念的分析。这一部分首先对何为生态旅游、生态旅游与传统旅游的区别以及生态旅游在我国的发展进行阐述,从而揭示发展生态旅游的重要意义。其次结合环境权理论、以及环境侵权的概念对生态旅游环境侵权的理论以及生态旅游环境侵权的概念进行初步的理论说明,从而对生态旅游环境侵权有一个更为深入的理论上的认识。在此认识到发展生态旅游的同时也必须要保护好环境,在环境与经济发展的两者之间找到平衡点。 第二部分对生态旅游环境侵权的认定和救济进行研究。这一部分对如何认定生态旅游环境侵权的基本理论进行了系统的分析和研究,包括生态旅游环境侵权的归责原则、三大构成要件、侵权的免责事由、等进行阐述,其次对生态旅游环境侵权的相关救济理论进行分析,生态旅游环境侵权有私力救济、公力救济、社会救济等三个途径以及其承担责任的方式。最后对生态旅游环境侵权的类型进行了分析,以旅游者侵权、旅游业者侵权、政府部门的侵权三大主体侵权类型为视角,分析我国生态旅游环境侵权的特点以及侵权原因、方式、责任等。 第三部分是对完善我国生态旅游环境侵权法律制度的思考。首先对我国现行的生态旅游环境侵权法律制度的现状的阐述以及评价以及在此基础上对构建我国生态旅游环境侵权制度所作的初步构想。从我国现行生态旅游环境侵权法律制度来看,我国现行的法律保护仍存在较大的缺陷,虽然环境立法门类已经较为完善,其他的法律部门民法、刑法、行政法等也有相关的规制,但立法水平仍然较低无法达到符合生态旅游的保护要求。要对构建生态旅游环境侵权法律制度首先就必须在我国法律中明确环境权的概念,其次重点完善现有的环境立法,把生态旅游的环境立法提上日程,完善其他的相关的民事、刑事、行政立法,最后是针对生态旅游环境保护的特点,为生态旅游环境侵权提供充分的救济途径。
[Abstract]:As a new type of tourism, eco-tourism has become more and more popular, and the number of people participating in eco-tourism is increasing, which is not only the opportunity of economic development, but also a serious test for the bearing capacity of the ecological environment as the foundation of eco-tourism. How to protect the environment and prevent the pollution of eco-tourism is the primary consideration of the development of eco-tourism. In a perfect eco-tourism environment protection system, environmental tort is one of the main aspects, especially for the effective and effective implementation of the relief of environmental tort in the eco-tourism, and the perfect legal system is the guarantee of the effective remedy of the infringement. The ecological environment on which the eco-tourism is dependent is an important foundation of our human living environment. Once the ecological environment is destroyed, the time of several times and the efforts of several generations can be restored, and even the ecological environment can never be recovered. Since the middle of the last century, mankind has realized that in order to restore and improve the already deteriorated environment, we must make a long-term and untiring efforts, the task is very difficult, and the human being has paid a heavy price for the destruction of the environment in the development of industrial society. At present, in the stage of the large-scale development of eco-tourism, it is more important to absorb the historical experience, to achieve the stable, orderly and scientific development of eco-tourism, and not to take the eco-tourism resources as another victim of our human development, and to achieve the harmonious development of human and nature. Based on the development of the eco-tourism and the present development situation of our country, this paper analyzes the environmental tort law system of the present eco-tourism in our country based on the relevant theoretical basis of environmental tort and puts forward the preliminary conception of constructing the legal system of the eco-tourism environmental tort in our country. In addition to the epilogue, there are three major parts: The First Part of the Concept of the Environmental Infringement of the Eco-tourism The first part of this part is to explain the difference between eco-tourism, eco-tourism and traditional tourism and the development of eco-tourism in China, so as to reveal the importance of the development of eco-tourism. Secondly, according to the theory of environmental right and the concept of environmental tort, the theory of the environmental tort of the eco-tourism and the concept of the environmental infringement of the eco-tourism are discussed in the paper, so that the environmental tort of the eco-tourism has a more in-depth theoretical recognition. To recognize the development of eco-tourism, we must also protect the environment and find a balance between the environment and the economic development The second part's identification and relief of the environmental torts of eco-tourism This part analyses and studies the basic theory of how to identify the environmental torts of eco-tourism, including the principle of the imputation of the environmental torts in the eco-tourism environment, the three major components, the disclaimer of the infringement, and so on. The second is the analysis of the relevant relief theory of the environmental torts in the eco-tourism environment, and the environmental infringement of the eco-tourism has the following three ways: the relief of the private force, the relief of the public and the relief of the social relief, and the responsibility for it In the end, the article analyzes the types of the environmental torts of the eco-tourism, analyzes the characteristics of the environmental torts of the eco-tourism in our country and the causes and methods of the infringement, The third part is to perfect the law of the environmental tort of eco-tourism in our country. First of all, the present situation of the legal system of the environmental tort of eco-tourism in our country, and the evaluation and on the basis of this, are made on the construction of the environmental tort system of the eco-tourism in China. On the basis of the current legal system of the environmental tort of eco-tourism in our country, the present legal protection of our country still has great defects, although the environmental legislation category has been perfect, other legal departments civil law, criminal law, administrative law, etc. Relevant regulations, but the level of legislation is still relatively low to meet the eco-tourism In order to protect the legal system of the environmental tort of the eco-tourism, the concept of environmental right must be defined in the law of our country, then the existing environmental legislation should be perfected, the environmental legislation of the eco-tourism should be put on the agenda, and other relevant civil and criminal matters should be perfected. On the basis of the characteristics of the environmental protection of the eco-tourism, the paper provides a sufficient basis for the environmental infringement of the eco-tourism environment.
【学位授予单位】:华东交通大学
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2011
【分类号】:X321;D922.6

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