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动物福利法问题研究

发布时间:2019-01-12 15:32  文章来源:笔耕文化传播
【摘要】: 随着人类社会的进步和发展,保护动物的观念和意识也日益深入人心。保护生态环境、人与自然和谐、保护人类的好朋友动物,已经成为人类的共识。近年来连续出现“刘海洋硫酸伤熊”、“给活猪注水”、“吃猫事件”等等动物受虐待的事件,让我们清醒的认识到在我国动物保护只是依靠民间的力量是不行的,应该加强立法。尽管动物福利立法在国外早已不是什么新鲜事物,早在100多年前,英国就有了第一部动物福利法案,到了现在,全球已有100多个国家有了动物福利立法。但是,动物福利在我国还略显陌生,动物福利法律制度在我国尚很缺乏。 本文从动物福利的概念入手,着重分析了中西方动物福利的理论渊源和理论内涵。在对动物福利概念分析的基础上,将动物福利论与动物权利论作比较,分析其定位的相同之处与不同之处。文章第三部分阐述了动物福利法的提出与演进,并对动物福利法的法理基础进行阐释。动物福利法的立法目的不仅仅是保护动物,而且更重要的是维护我们人类的利益,提高我们的道德修养、维护我们社会的公共卫生安全、饮食安全。文章第四部分简要介绍了动物福利法在国外的起源以及美国、德国和韩国的动物福利法,并试图通过对国外动物福利立法的介绍借鉴一些对我国动物福利立法的有益经验。并在此基础上重点论述了动物福利立法的价值意义、我国动物福利立法的不足、缺位以及动物福利立法的制度构想。本文旨在促进动物福利立法,提高公民动物保护意识,维护我们赖以生存的自然环境,促进人与自然和谐。
[Abstract]:With the progress and development of human society, the concept and consciousness of protecting animals are increasingly popular. Protection of ecological environment, harmony between man and nature, protection of human good friend animals, has become the consensus of mankind. In recent years, there have been incidents of animal abuse such as "Liu Hai sulfuric acid wound bear", "injecting water to live pigs", "cat eating incident" and so on. It is clear to us that animal protection in China cannot rely solely on civilian forces. Legislation should be strengthened. Although animal welfare legislation has not been new in foreign countries, as early as more than 100 years ago, Britain had the first animal welfare law. Now, more than 100 countries in the world have animal welfare legislation. However, animal welfare is still a little strange in our country, and the legal system of animal welfare is still lacking in our country. Starting with the concept of animal welfare, this paper focuses on the theoretical origin and connotation of animal welfare in China and the West. On the basis of analyzing the concept of animal welfare, this paper compares animal welfare theory with animal rights theory, and analyzes the similarities and differences in their orientation. The third part expounds the development of animal welfare law, and explains the legal basis of animal welfare law. The legislative purpose of animal welfare law is not only to protect animals, but also to protect our human interests, improve our moral cultivation, safeguard the public health safety and food safety of our society. The fourth part briefly introduces the origin of animal welfare law in foreign countries and the animal welfare laws of America, Germany and Korea, and tries to draw lessons from some beneficial experiences of animal welfare legislation in China through the introduction of animal welfare legislation in foreign countries. On this basis, the value significance of animal welfare legislation, the deficiency and absence of animal welfare legislation in China and the system conception of animal welfare legislation are discussed. The purpose of this paper is to promote animal welfare legislation, to improve citizen's consciousness of animal protection, to maintain the natural environment on which we live, and to promote harmony between man and nature.
【学位授予单位】:重庆大学
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2009
【分类号】:D912.6

【引证文献】

相关硕士学位论文 前3条

1 孟霁雨;论我国的动物福利立法[D];黑龙江大学;2011年

2 孔曙光;“动物权利论”批判[D];中国海洋大学;2012年

3 杨晓明;关于我国宠物动物保护法律问题研究[D];重庆大学;2012年



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