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论婚约解除的损害赔偿

发布时间:2018-04-17 00:11  文章来源:笔耕文化传播

  本文选题:婚约 + 婚约的解除 ; 参考:《山西大学》2017年硕士论文


【摘要】:婚约是男女之间出于缔结婚姻的目的而事前作出的约定。婚约自古以来就是民间很常见的婚姻习俗。在封建社会,统治者很重视对其的调整并专门出台相关的政策进行规制,到了近代,很多国家和地区相继确立婚约制度。然而,我国建国之后的两部婚姻法都没有做任何规定。在现代社会,婚约属于道德调整范围,双方订立婚约之后仅有按照约定结婚的道德义务,在一方当事人想要解除婚约时,对方不能向法院申请强制执行。随着社会的发展、民众思想的解放,婚约解除的现象越来越多,由婚约解除而造成的损害赔偿问题也越来越复杂,如今的立法现状已经难以满足社会需求。由于我国在婚约解除损害赔偿方面的立法缺失,当婚约解除的受损害方选择通过诉讼途径来解决损害赔偿问题时,法院在审理相关纠纷没有法律依据,当事人的合法权益很难得到保障,甚至可能出现同案异判、影响司法公信力的严重后果。对典型性国家、地区的相关立法进行比较分析,并借鉴其中合理部分,对构建符合我国基本国情的婚约解除损害赔偿制度具有深远意义。本文包括以下几个部分:第一部分,问题的提出。该部分典型案例导入进行分析从而引出问题,总结类似案件的争议焦点,引出读者对婚约解除损害赔偿问题的关注。第二部分,婚约解除损害赔偿的概述。该部分主要是对婚约基本知识进行阐述。首先通过两种学说分析婚约的性质,其次对婚约的解除进行阐述,最后对婚约解除的损害赔偿进行全面分析,包括性质、理论依据、构成要件、赔偿范围四个方面,通过对上述内容的阐述为我国相关制度的构建奠定理论基础。第三部分,婚约解除损害赔偿制度之比较法考察。该部分选择具有典型性的国家及地区,对其相关立法进行全面分析,根据赔偿内容的不同而作具体的比较分析,为我国相关制度的构建提供借鉴。第四部分,我国婚约解除损害赔偿制度的构建。该部分主要分析我国的基本国情,提出在我国建立婚约解除损害赔偿制度的现实必要性,结合我国相关立法提出构建婚约解除损害赔偿的方法建议,为解决婚约纠纷提供切实可行的依据。
[Abstract]:A marriage contract is a prior agreement made between a man and a woman for the purpose of concluding a marriage.Marriage contract has been a very common marriage custom since ancient times.In feudal society, the rulers attached great importance to its adjustment and issued special policies to regulate it. In modern times, many countries and regions have established marriage contract system.However, the two marriage laws after the founding of the people's Republic of China have not made any provisions.In modern society, the marriage contract belongs to the scope of moral adjustment. After the two parties conclude the marriage contract, they only have the moral obligation to marry according to the agreement. When a party wants to dissolve the engagement, the other party can not apply to the court for enforcement.With the development of society, the emancipation of the people's thought, the phenomenon of the dissolution of marriage contract is more and more, the problem of compensation for damages caused by the dissolution of marriage contract is becoming more and more complex, and the present legislative situation has been difficult to meet the needs of the society.Because of the lack of legislation in our country, when the aggrieved party chooses to solve the problem of damages through litigation, the court has no legal basis to deal with the related disputes.The legal rights and interests of the parties are difficult to be protected, and even the same cases may be adjudicated, affecting the serious consequences of judicial credibility.The comparative analysis of the relevant legislation of typical countries and regions and the reference of the reasonable part are of far-reaching significance to the construction of the system of compensation for the dissolution of marriage contract in accordance with the basic conditions of our country.This article includes the following several parts: the first part, the question raises.This part of the typical case analysis leads to the problem, summarizes the controversial focus of similar cases, and leads readers to pay attention to the issue of compensation for the dissolution of marriage contract.The second part, the summary of the indemnity for the dissolution of marriage contract.This part is mainly about the basic knowledge of marriage contract.First of all, it analyzes the nature of the engagement through two theories, then expounds the dissolution of the engagement, and finally makes a comprehensive analysis of the damages of the dissolution of the engagement, including the nature, the theoretical basis, the constitutive requirements, and the scope of compensation.Through the elaboration of the above contents, it lays a theoretical foundation for the construction of relevant systems in China.The third part is a comparative study of the system of compensation for damages caused by the dissolution of marriage contract.This part selects the typical countries and regions to make a comprehensive analysis of the relevant legislation, and makes specific comparative analysis according to the different content of compensation, which provides reference for the construction of the relevant system of our country.The fourth part, the construction of the compensation system of the dissolution of marriage contract in China.This part mainly analyzes the basic situation of our country, puts forward the realistic necessity of establishing the system of compensation for the damages caused by the dissolution of engagement in our country, and puts forward some suggestions on how to construct the compensation for the damages caused by the dissolution of marriage contract in combination with the relevant legislation of our country.To provide a practical basis for the settlement of marriage disputes.
【学位授予单位】:山西大学
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2017
【分类号】:D923.9

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