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我国夫妻共同财产法律制度研究

发布时间:2018-12-31 12:09  文章来源:笔耕文化传播
【摘要】:婚姻中的夫妻关系是一种身份关系,在此基础上形成的夫妻财产关系在现代社会越来越具有重要性和复杂性。夫妻共同财产制是调整我国夫妻财产关系的重要法律制度,在调整夫妻财产关系方面发挥着重要作用,对家庭的和谐和社会的稳定具有重要现实意义。我国婚姻法将夫妻共同财产制度分散规定于家庭关系和离婚制度部分,且现有规定已经难以充分反映我国当前社会经济的发展状况,难以满足司法实践中对夫妻共同财产进行认定和分割的客观需要。适时对夫妻共同财产关系进行专章法律规范的时机已经成熟,有必要对婚姻法相关内容进行修改和全面调整。我国关于夫妻财产制的立法经历可概括为“一次立法、两次修订、三个解释”。从1950年《中华人民共和国婚姻法》所采用的“一般共同制”,到1980年修订《婚姻法》将“一般共同制”变更为“婚后所得共同制”,再到2001年修订《婚姻法》将夫妻婚后所得共同制、个人特有财产制确立为我国法定夫妻财产制,最高人民法院“三个解释”从解决司法实践问题的角度对我国夫妻财产制度进行了细化和完善。随着社会的进步和发展,财产的种类、形态和价值均对传统财产有所突破,因而面对复杂多变的夫妻财产关系,现有的夫妻共同财产制逐渐凸显出诸多滞后和不足。如在夫妻双方的财产共有权的规定上,我国《婚姻法》仅粗略的规定了“夫妻对共同所有的财产有平等之处理权”,而没有具体明晰夫妻共同共有的财产的具体权利和义务。全文通过对夫妻共同财产法律制度的研究背景、目的及意义的阐述,对国内外研究现状的分析,明确了写作思路和研究方法,为深入研究夫妻共同财产制厘清思路,形成清晰的脉络。在探讨夫妻共同财产制的相关理论的基础上,通过对夫妻共同财产制的历史发展进行梳理,以及对德国、美国、法国等国家和我国台湾地区的夫妻共同财产制度进行比较研究,揭示夫妻共同财产制的内涵,对我国现行夫妻共同财产制的现状及问题进行分析,最终对我国夫妻财产制度的完善提出相应的立法建议。
[Abstract]:The relationship between husband and wife in marriage is a kind of identity relationship, and the property relationship between husband and wife formed on this basis is more and more important and complicated in modern society. The joint property system of husband and wife is an important legal system to adjust the property relationship of husband and wife in our country. It plays an important role in adjusting the property relationship of husband and wife. It is of great practical significance to the harmony of family and the stability of society. The Marriage Law of our country distributes the common property system of husband and wife to the part of family relations and divorce system, and the existing provisions cannot fully reflect the current social and economic development of our country. It is difficult to meet the objective need of identifying and dividing the joint property of husband and wife in judicial practice. The time is ripe to regulate the joint property relationship of husband and wife, so it is necessary to revise and adjust the relevant contents of marriage law. The legislative experience of husband and wife property system in China can be summarized as "one legislation, two amendments and three interpretations". From the "general common system" adopted in the 1950 Marriage Law of the people's Republic of China, to the 1980 amendment of the Marriage Law, the "general common system" was changed into the "common system of income after marriage". In 2001, the Marriage Law was amended to establish the joint system of marital income and the system of personal property as the legal system of marital property in China. The "three interpretations" of Supreme people's Court have refined and perfected the marital property system from the angle of solving the judicial practice problem. With the progress and development of the society, the types, forms and values of the property have made a breakthrough to the traditional property. Therefore, in the face of the complex and changeable property relationship between husband and wife, the existing common property system of husband and wife has gradually highlighted many lags and deficiencies. For example, in the regulation of the joint ownership of property between husband and wife, the Marriage Law of our country only provides roughly that "husband and wife have equal right to deal with the jointly owned property", but they do not have the specific rights and obligations of the joint property of husband and wife. Through the analysis of the background, purpose and significance of the legal system of marital joint property, and the analysis of the present research situation at home and abroad, this paper clarifies the writing ideas and research methods, and clarifies the train of thought for the further study of the joint property system of husband and wife. Form a clear thread. On the basis of discussing the related theories of husband and wife's joint property system, through combing the historical development of the couple's joint property system, and making a comparative study of the couple's common property system in Germany, the United States, France and the Taiwan area of our country. This paper reveals the connotation of the marital joint property system, analyzes the present situation and problems of the current marital joint property system in China, and finally puts forward corresponding legislative suggestions for the perfection of the husband and wife property system in our country.
【学位授予单位】:哈尔滨工程大学
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2014
【分类号】:D923.9

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