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完善我国收养立法的思考

发布时间:2019-01-08 12:46
【摘要】: 收养制度是亲属制度的重要组成部分,完善的收养立法,有助于实现收养秩序的稳定,而且有利于实现法律对收养当事人的人文关怀。本文就我国收养立法存在的缺陷进行探讨,,提出如何完善的建议,并试拟立法建议稿,供立法机关参考。 本文分为五个部分。 第一部分:收养立法概述。介绍了收养的概念和法律性质,收养立法的模式,收养立法的历史沿革,分析了现代收养立法的发展趋势。 第二部分:收养关系当事人的范围。对当事人的范围进行分析,提出放宽成年人收养的条件;完善与收养弃婴有关的制度;设立转收养制度。 第三部分:收养成立的形式要件。重点探讨了我国收养法在程序上存在的缺陷。建议在以后的立法中加强国家公权力的介入,赋予人民法院对收养行为的审查权;规定试养期制度。 第四部分:不完全收养制度。对我国的收养立法引入不完全收养制度的可行性进行分析,建议继父母收养继子女时适用不完全收养。 第五部分:无效收养制度。我国现行收养立法对无效收养制度规定得过于简单且不利于操作。建议在以后的立法中明确界定无效收养的法定事由;设立可撤销收养制度;将宣告收养无效的权力赋予人民法院独立行使。
[Abstract]:The system of adoption is an important part of the system of relatives. Perfect adoption legislation is helpful to realize the stability of the order of adoption and to realize the humanistic care of the adoptive parties. This paper probes into the defects of the adoption legislation in our country, puts forward some suggestions on how to perfect it, and tries to draw up the legislative suggestions for the reference of the legislature. This paper is divided into five parts. Part I: introduction of adoption legislation. This paper introduces the concept and legal nature of adoption, the mode of adoption legislation, the historical evolution of adoption legislation, and analyzes the development trend of modern adoption legislation. The second part: the scope of the adoptive relationship. This paper analyzes the scope of the parties, puts forward the relaxation of the conditions of adult adoption, the improvement of the system related to the adoption of abandoned babies, and the establishment of the system of transfer adoption. The third part: the formal elements of the establishment of adoption. The defects in the procedure of the adoption law in our country are discussed in detail. It is suggested to strengthen the intervention of the state public power in the future legislation, to give the people's court the right to examine the adoption act, and to stipulate the trial raising period system. Part IV: incomplete adoption system. This paper analyzes the feasibility of introducing the incomplete adoption system into the adoption legislation of our country, and suggests that partial adoptions should be applied when stepparents adopt their stepchildren. Part V: invalid adoption system. The current adoption legislation of our country prescribes the invalid adoption system too simple and unfavorable to operation. It is suggested that the legal cause of invalid adoption should be clearly defined in future legislation; the system of revocable adoption should be set up; and the power of annulment of adoption should be given to the people's court to exercise it independently.
【学位授予单位】:南京理工大学
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2007
【分类号】:D923.9

【引证文献】

相关期刊论文 前2条

1 杨正周;;震后试论我国收养制度的缺陷[J];黑龙江科技信息;2008年35期

2 欧阳欣卉;;浅析收养地震孤儿的相关法律问题[J];今日南国(理论创新版);2008年05期

相关硕士学位论文 前6条

1 付学诗;“儿童最大利益”原则视角下的我国收养程序问题研究[D];中国政法大学;2009年

2 张晶莹;论我国收养法律制度的完善[D];西南政法大学;2009年

3 马逸群;重大灾难后收养问题研究[D];北京工商大学;2009年

4 刘元敏;论未成人收养制度[D];西南政法大学;2010年

5 徐森;突发自然灾害后孤儿收养问题研究[D];河南大学;2012年

6 冉丽丽;论流浪儿童救助的法律问题[D];中央民族大学;2012年



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