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民间借贷虚假诉讼案件分析

发布时间:2018-07-10 14:56  文章来源:笔耕文化传播

  本文选题:民间借贷 + 虚假诉讼 ; 参考:《沈阳师范大学》2013年硕士论文


【摘要】:随着经济发展和社会进步,民间借贷虚假诉讼案件频频发生,已经成为虚假诉讼案件中最普遍和危害最严重的类型之一。它具有虚假诉讼的一般特征,即主体的复杂性、行为的隐蔽性、非法目的性,被侵犯客体的复合性。另外它还在司法实践中显露了以下几个其独有的特点:第一,行为主体间存在非常微妙的关系;第二,行为隐蔽性较强,一般难以发现;第三,权利义务关系清晰、证据简明单一;第四;行为人之间容易配合、操作简单且成功率很高。根据民间借贷虚假诉讼显示的本质属性,概括它的认定标准,确立有效地识别机制,准确运用现有的法律制度对此种行为加以惩治和防范是目前司法实践对此类案件的工作重心和难点所在。 本文主要通过结合真实案例,从构成要件、行为特征两方面来分析民间借贷虚假诉讼的认定,,以及司法机关如何依照现有民事、刑事法律法规来处理此类问题。本文主要运用价值分析和实证分析的研究方法,通过收集整理相关文献资料、总结归纳现有观点、针对现有的研究成果与相对不足之处,结合真实案例利用现有法律规范进行全面地分析。最后提出本文的结论,即民间借贷虚假诉讼案件可以利用现有民事、刑事法律规范进行规制,此外还应当建立和完善侵权赔偿制度与虚假诉讼归罪机制。 本文结合案件分析得出关于民间借贷虚假诉讼问题的如下结论:民间借贷虚假诉讼构成要件由主观目的为非法获利、客观行为是虚假起诉、行为手段是捏造事实和证据、被侵犯客体的双重性;行为特征由主体关系特殊、行为隐蔽性强、审判权被利用、诉讼过程异常四方面构成。此类案件如未涉及犯罪则可以依据现有的民事法律规范对行为人进行罚款、拘留必要时应建立侵权赔偿制度;如果行为人在虚假诉讼的同时还满足犯罪的构成要件则应当根据其行为来判定具体适用何种罪名。行为人的行为如无法用刑法罪名进行相应地处罚则应该增设虚假诉讼罪以完善对此类问题的刑事追究制度。
[Abstract]:With the development of economy and the progress of society, the false litigation cases of folk loans and loans occur frequently, which has become one of the most common and serious types of false litigation cases. It has the general characteristics of false litigation, that is, the complexity of the subject, the concealment of the behavior, the illegal purpose, and the complexity of the violated object. In addition, it also reveals the following unique characteristics in judicial practice: first, there is a very delicate relationship between the subject of the act; second, the behavior is more hidden, generally difficult to find; third, the relationship between rights and obligations is clear. The evidence is simple and simple; fourth, it is easy to cooperate with each other, and the operation is simple and the success rate is very high. According to the essential attribute of the false litigation of folk loan and loan, this paper summarizes its identification standard, and establishes an effective identification mechanism. It is the focus and difficulty of judicial practice to use the existing legal system to punish and prevent this kind of cases. This article mainly through the combination of real cases, from the elements, behavior characteristics to analyze the identification of civil lending false litigation, and how the judiciary according to the existing civil, criminal laws and regulations to deal with this kind of issues. This paper mainly uses the research methods of value analysis and empirical analysis, through collecting and sorting out the relevant literature, summarizing and summarizing the existing viewpoints, aiming at the existing research results and relative shortcomings. Combined with real cases, the existing legal norms are comprehensively analyzed. Finally, the conclusion of this paper is put forward, that is, the civil and criminal legal norms can be used to regulate the false litigation cases of folk lending, in addition, we should establish and perfect the tort compensation system and the imputation mechanism of false litigation. Based on the case analysis, this paper draws the following conclusions: the constituent elements of the civil loan false litigation are illegally profited by subjective purpose, the objective behavior is false prosecution, and the behavior means is to fabricate facts and evidence. The duality of the violated object is composed of four aspects: the special relationship between the subject, the strong concealment of the behavior, the utilization of the judicial power and the abnormal litigation process. If such cases do not involve a crime, the perpetrator may be fined in accordance with existing civil legal norms, and a system of tort compensation should be established if necessary in detention; If the perpetrator satisfies the constitutive elements of the crime at the same time of false litigation, he should judge which crime is applicable according to his behavior. If the behavior of the actor can not be punished by the criminal law, the crime of false litigation should be added to perfect the criminal investigation system of this kind of problem.
【学位授予单位】:沈阳师范大学
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2013
【分类号】:D922.28;D925

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