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论基因权的私权属性及民法保护

发布时间:2019-01-12 07:37  文章来源:笔耕文化传播
【摘要】:基因科技的发展与进步对人类社会产生了巨大的影响。在治愈疾病、提高生活质量、延长人类寿命的同时,也对人类社会现有的法律体系、伦理道德体系产生了巨大的冲击。在人们运用基因科技的同时,基因所有者的人格尊严、自由权利甚至经济利益常常会遭受到侵害。人体基因对于人类个体而言,从出生到死亡都与之相伴,甚至对人类的影响能够追溯到其祖辈、延续到其后代。那么,作为独立的自然人,对其自身的基因享有哪些权利成为了人们关注和研究的焦点。目前,我国已经发生了许多有关人体基因的案件,但是目前我国并没有对基因技术进行规范、明确基因所有者权利的专门立法。在司法实践中,往往是从其他法律中寻找出相关法条作为依据,甚至只能依靠一些基本原则和精神解决问题。在这样的法律背景下,我国学者已经认识到了基因权利存在的客观性、合理性以及对其进行立法必要性。本文从基因权的权利属性问题入手进行分析,从多角度论述基因权属于私权体系,并进一步明确基因权具有鲜明的人格权属性。同时,对基因权中体现的财产利益问题进行论述,进一步证明,应当将基因权纳入到人格权法律体系之下进行规范和保护。最后通过对其他国家关于基因权的理论研究和立法现状进行分析,提出了符合我国国情的问题解决方案及制度构思。
[Abstract]:The development and progress of genetic science and technology have had a great impact on human society. While curing diseases, improving the quality of life and prolonging human life, it also has a great impact on the existing legal system and ethical system of human society. At the same time, the human dignity, freedom and even economic interests of gene owners are often infringed. Human genes are associated with human individuals from birth to death, and even their effects can be traced back to their ancestors and extended to their offspring. Therefore, as an independent natural person, what rights to their own genes have become the focus of attention and research. At present, there have been many cases about human genes in China, but at present, there is no specific legislation to regulate gene technology and clarify the rights of gene owners in China. In judicial practice, it is often from other laws to find relevant laws as the basis, or even rely on some basic principles and spirit to solve problems. In such a legal background, Chinese scholars have recognized the objectivity, rationality and the necessity of legislation of genetic rights. This paper begins with the analysis of the right attribute of gene right, discusses from many angles that gene right belongs to private right system, and further clarifies that gene right has distinct personality right attribute. At the same time, the property interests embodied in genetic rights are discussed, which further proves that genetic rights should be regulated and protected under the legal system of personality rights. Finally, through the analysis of the theoretical research and legislative status of gene rights in other countries, the author puts forward the solution scheme and system conception according to the situation of our country.
【学位授予单位】:东北林业大学
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2015
【分类号】:D923

【参考文献】

相关期刊论文 前5条

1 李燕;;论人对其基因的民事权利[J];东岳论丛;2008年04期

2 曹丽荣;;自然人基因的法律属性[J];河北法学;2008年07期

3 周琼;;论人类基因及基因信息的法律地位[J];科技与法律;2006年03期

4 刘士国;;新生人格权问题研究[J];法学论坛;2011年06期

5 李文,王坤;基因隐私及基因隐私权的民事法律保护[J];武汉理工大学学报(社会科学版);2002年02期



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