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城市化进程中失地农民权益保障问题研究

发布时间:2018-08-28 13:21
【摘要】:随着城市化进程加快,城市征地加剧,失地农民日益增加。现有的征地补偿制度存在一系列的问题,致使很多失地农民成为种田无地、就业无岗、社保无份的“三无”人员,他们成为了城市的弱势人群。合法权益得不到保障,失地农民权益受损不仅伤害了失地农民,而且影响着城市化进程。因此,失地农民权益保障的研究具有很重要的现实意义。 本文理论联系实际,首先分析了失地农民问题的由来,其次分析了当前我国失地农民的现状。主要表现为,失地农民规模不断扩大;失地农民生活下降;失地农民就业难;养老保险缺失;医疗覆盖面小。接着,进一步深刻探析了失地农民权益受损的原因,主要包括,城乡二元结构的制度因素;土地征收制度的缺陷;社会保障的缺失;以及失地农民自身的因素。 在深刻剖析了失地农民权益受损的原因后,结合我国的基本国情和经济状况,提出了相关的对策建议。一是,要实现体制创新,改善城乡二元结构;二是,要建立健全我国的土地征收制度;三是,要完善社会保障制度;四是,要提高失地农民自身素质。 本文旨在分析失地农民权益保障问题,是保障失地农民合法权益、推动经济健康发展、促进城市化进程的一个有益探索。
[Abstract]:With the acceleration of urbanization, urban land acquisition intensified, loss of land farmers are increasing. There are a series of problems in the current land expropriation compensation system, which makes many landless farmers become the "three noes" who have no land, no employment and no social security. They have become the vulnerable people in the city. Legal rights and interests can not be guaranteed, the rights and interests of landless farmers not only hurt the lost farmers, but also affect the process of urbanization. Therefore, the study of land-lost farmers' rights and interests has a very important practical significance. Combining theory with practice, this paper first analyzes the origin of the problem of land-lost farmers, and then analyzes the present situation of land-lost farmers in China. The main performance is that the scale of land-lost farmers is expanding; the life of landless farmers is declining; the employment of landless farmers is difficult; the pension insurance is missing; the medical coverage is small. Then, it analyzes the causes of the loss of farmers' rights and interests, including the system factors of urban-rural dual structure, the defects of land expropriation system, the lack of social security, and the factors of land-lost farmers themselves. After deeply analyzing the causes of the loss of land farmers' rights and interests, combined with our country's basic national conditions and economic conditions, this paper puts forward some relevant countermeasures and suggestions. First, it is necessary to achieve institutional innovation and improve the dual structure of urban and rural areas; second, to establish and improve the system of land expropriation in China; third, to improve the social security system; and fourth, to improve the quality of landless farmers themselves. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the protection of the rights and interests of the landless peasants, which is a beneficial exploration to protect the legitimate rights and interests of the landless peasants, to promote the healthy development of economy and to promote the process of urbanization.
【学位授予单位】:湖北大学
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2014
【分类号】:D412.6

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