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罚金刑若干问题研究

发布时间:2019-01-06 17:31  文章来源:笔耕文化传播
【摘要】:本文对我国刑法罚金刑的基本理论及实践中存在的各种相关问题进行了初步的分析和探讨。 引言部分探讨了罚金刑的基本理论,对比分析了罚金刑的优点、缺点。提出了罚金刑是惩治经济犯罪的有效方法,是惩罚单位犯罪的最佳手段等九大优点,同时指出了罚金刑的缺点,诸如罚金刑具有不平等性,罚金刑可能有悖于罪责自负、罚金刑相适应原则,罚金刑有可能导致人们产生刑法商业化观念等。 第一部分对中外罚金刑进行了对比分析,主要探讨了世界各国对罚金刑的适用范围、使用方式、数额确定等方面的方法模式,概括了我国刑法规定的罚金刑的适用范围、适用方式及数额确定原则。同时指出了罚金刑数额适用时应注意的问题,分析了犯罪情节范围、犯罪人的经济状况对确定罚金数额的影响等。 第二部分探讨了罚金刑的数罪并罚问题,主要探讨了罚金刑与剥夺政治权利、没收财产的并罚及两个以上罚金刑的并罚,对罚金刑与其它附加刑的并罚的各种观点进行了评析。并提出,罚金刑与剥夺政治权利在内容和执行方式上没有任何交叉、重复,也互不妨碍,可采取并科原则实行并罚。罚金刑与没收财产刑属于两中性质完全不同的刑罚,轻重程度、执行方式、法律后果等都有不少差异,在目前刑罚制度下,采取并科原则较为适宜,但也应该考虑实际执行的可能。 第三部分探讨了罚金刑在我国司法实践中存在的主要问题,并进行了原因分析,在此基础上,提出了完善我国罚金刑制度的几点建议。这些意见包括:在罚金刑的地位方面,罚金刑应当跻身于主刑的行列;在适用范围方面,对经济犯罪、贪利性犯罪、某些轻微故意犯罪、过失犯罪广泛适用罚金刑,对公私财物对象的犯罪附加适用罚金刑;提出了罚金数额的规定方法和确定原则,,以及完善罚金刑的执行措施等。
[Abstract]:This article has carried on the preliminary analysis and the discussion to our country criminal law fine penalty basic theory and the practice each kind of related question. The introduction discusses the basic theory of fine, and analyzes its advantages and disadvantages. This paper puts forward that fine penalty is an effective method to punish economic crime, is the best means of punishing unit crime, and points out the disadvantages of fine penalty, such as the inequality of fine penalty, the possibility of fine penalty being contrary to guilt and responsibility. Fine penalty adapts to the principle, and it may lead to the concept of commercialization of criminal law and so on. The first part has carried on the contrast analysis to the Chinese and foreign fine penalty, mainly has discussed the application scope, the use way, the amount determination and so on method pattern of the fine penalty in the world, has summarized the applicable scope of the fine penalty stipulated in the criminal law of our country. The method of application and the principle of determining the amount. At the same time, the paper points out the problems that should be paid attention to when the amount of fine is applied, analyzes the scope of the crime, the influence of the economic condition of the offender on the determination of the amount of fine, etc. The second part discusses the problem of the combination of several crimes of fine penalty, mainly discusses the fine penalty and deprivation of political rights, confiscation of property and two or more fine punishment of the parallel punishment, the fine and other additional punishment of the various views of the commentary. It is pointed out that the fine penalty and the deprivation of political rights have no overlap in content and execution, nor do they hinder each other, so the principle of combining punishment with science can be adopted. The penalty of fine and the penalty of confiscation of property belong to two kinds of penalty which are completely different in nature, such as the degree of severity, the way of execution, the legal consequence, etc. Under the present penalty system, it is more appropriate to adopt the principle of co-discipline. However, the possibility of practical implementation should also be considered. The third part discusses the main problems of the fine penalty in the judicial practice of our country, and analyzes the reasons, and puts forward some suggestions to perfect the fine penalty system in our country. These views include: in the status of the fine penalty, the fine penalty should be in the ranks of the main punishment; In terms of scope of application, fines are widely applied to economic crimes, corruption crimes, some minor and intentional crimes, negligent crimes, and additional fines to the crimes of public and private property objects. This paper puts forward the stipulation method and principle of fine amount, and consummates the execution measure of fine penalty.
【学位授予单位】:郑州大学
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2006
【分类号】:D924.1

【参考文献】

相关期刊论文 前1条

1 鞠茂亮,钱欣红;用相对数确定财产犯罪数额标准构想[J];中央政法管理干部学院学报;1998年06期



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