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论刑法上扒窃的认定

发布时间:2019-01-29 20:07  文章来源:笔耕文化传播
【摘要】:《刑法修正案(八)》将扒窃正式入罪后,两高仅在《关于办理盗窃刑事案件适用法律若干问题的解释》中规定了扒窃的定义,而对扒窃定义中的关键词及学界争论比较激烈的几个问题没有作出规定。笔者在比较学界几个有代表性观点的基础上,指出两高对扒窃定义的不足,进而提出扒窃是以非法占有为目的,在公共场所或者公共交通工具上窃取他人随身携带财物的行为,并在概括出其犯罪行为、地点、对象特殊性三个特征的同时,重点分析了扒窃定义中的公共场所、随身携带财物等概念。笔者要着力解决的问题是司法实践中认定扒窃存在的难点和疑点。首先,在肯定扒窃入罪不应有次数和数额限制的前提下,认为扒窃的认定应受刑法总则基本原则和立法精神的约束。其次,在讨论扒窃犯罪状态时,提出扒窃存在未遂,并提出认定扒窃既遂的具体步骤。最后,在区分扒窃与盗窃的其他几种特殊形式的基础上,分析了扒窃向其他罪名转化的情况,探讨了扒窃中的一罪和数罪,提出了司法者应当综合案件犯罪事实、情节和数额、前科情况、认罪态度等多方面因素来认定扒窃行为的结论。
[Abstract]:After the criminal law amendment (8) formally criminalized pickpocketing, the two high schools only stipulated the definition of pickpocketing in the explanation of several issues applicable to the law in handling criminal cases of theft. However, there are no rules on the definition of pickpocketing and several controversial issues in academic circles. On the basis of comparing several representative viewpoints in academic circles, the author points out that the two high schools lack the definition of pickpocketing, and then points out that pickpocketing is the act of stealing other people's belongings with them in public places or on public transport for the purpose of illegal possession. At the same time, it analyzes the concept of public place and carrying property in the definition of pickpocketing. The problem that the author tries to solve is the difficulty and doubt that pickpocketing exists in judicial practice. First of all, on the premise of affirming that the number and amount of the crime of pickpocketing should not be limited, the author thinks that the determination of pickpocketing should be restricted by the basic principles of the general principles of criminal law and the spirit of legislation. Secondly, when discussing the state of pickpocketing, the author points out that there is attempted pickpocketing, and puts forward the concrete steps to determine the accomplished of pickpocketing. Finally, on the basis of distinguishing pickpocketing from other special forms of theft, this paper analyzes the transformation of pickpocketing into other crimes, probes into the crime of pickpocketing and several crimes, and puts forward that the judiciary should synthesize the facts, circumstances and amount of the crime in the case. Criminal record, guilty attitude and other factors to identify pickpocketing behavior.
【学位授予单位】:中南大学
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2014
【分类号】:D924.35

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