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报应主义视野下累犯制度的正当性——论证困境与现实启示

发布时间:2019-03-13 11:07  文章来源:笔耕文化传播
【摘要】:与功利主义一样,报应主义一直被学者用来证明累犯制度的理论正当性。在报应主义视野下,学界主流的做法一般是通过尝试证明累犯相较于初犯罪责程度更高或是罪行危害更大来正当化累犯制度。由于此类传统论证进路努力在现有刑法理论框架之内为累犯制度提供一个令人信服的正当化理论根据,我们称其为"内部论证进路"。与此相对,另有学者决定抛开现有刑法理论框架,转而借助诸如道德理论之类的外来理论来对累犯制度正当性做非传统的论证,我们称其为"外部论证进路"。然而,无论是采取内部进路还是外部进路,学者从报应主义层面对累犯制度理论正当性进行的论证均存在着无法克服的逻辑缺陷。累犯制度的合理性主要在于现实必要性而非理论正当性。累犯制度理论正当性方面的先天不足应该时刻提醒立法者和司法者审慎对待累犯制度。
[Abstract]:Like utilitarianism, retribution has been used by scholars to justify the theory of recidivism. From the perspective of retribution, the mainstream practice in academic circles is to justify recidivism by trying to prove that recidivism is more responsible or harmful than the first offence. As this kind of traditional argumentation approach tries to provide a convincing theoretical basis for the recidivism system within the framework of the existing criminal law theory, we call it the "internal argumentation approach". In contrast, other scholars decided to cast aside the existing criminal law theoretical framework and use the external theories such as moral theory to do non-traditional argument on the legitimacy of recidivism system, which we call the "external argumentation approach". However, no matter whether the internal or external approaches, scholars from the perspective of retribution to prove the legitimacy of recidivism system theory has an insurmountable logic defect. The rationality of recidivism system mainly lies in the realistic necessity rather than the theoretical legitimacy. The inherent deficiency in the legitimacy of recidivism system should remind legislators and judiciaries to treat recidivism carefully.
【作者单位】: 北京师范大学刑事法律科学研究院;
【基金】:北京市社会科学基金青年项目“前科刑事法效应实证研究”(项目编号:16FXC031)的阶段性成果
【分类号】:D924.1

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1 杨静;;论刑事累犯制度及其完善[J];新乡学院学报(社会科学版);2009年02期

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