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论我国反恐刑事立法的现状及完善

发布时间:2019-03-13 17:03  文章来源:笔耕文化传播
【摘要】:随着经济的发展和国际局势的变化,20世纪90年代后恐怖活动异常猖獗,对各国的安全与稳定造成了极大冲击,严重影响了当今世界的和平与发展。近年来,我国也时常受到国内外恐怖势力的威胁,尤其是以“东突”、“东伊运”等为代表的非法组织策划实施的诸多恐怖袭击事件,严重威胁了我国社会的经济发展及政局稳定,影响了人民群众的安定生活。虽然我国刑法及刑法修正案针对恐怖性活动已经逐步增设“恐怖组织罪”、“资助恐怖活动罪”等罪状,同时2011年专门针对恐怖活动犯罪推出《关于加强反恐怖工作有关问题的决定》,然而现行的惩治恐怖活动犯罪相关立法仍较为单一、散乱,针对性不强。为此,迫切需要进一步健全和完善惩治恐怖活动犯罪的法律法规。本文主要内容有:第一部分首先介绍了当今国际、国内反恐局势态势,从分析恐怖活动犯罪的概念入手,总结新形势下恐怖活动犯罪的特点;第二部分是对我国反恐立法现状的评析,包括《刑法修正案(三)》、《反恐决定》、2014年两高出台的反恐解释等实体法规定以及相关刑事程序法规定,同时介绍了我国陆续加入的反恐怖主义国际公约以及国家、地区间反恐协定;第三部分是以文章第二部分为基础,结合我国当前惩治恐怖活动犯罪相关规定,归纳立法现状的缺陷及不足之处,并着重点明俄罗斯、法国、英国、美国等国家反恐立法的经验,以为下文提出完善建议做借鉴;第四部分是本文的重点也是结论部分,即提出我国反恐立法完善的建议,首先是对恐怖活动犯罪的基础概念予以明确界定,其次是建议修订完善现有刑法及诉讼法、逐步订立专门的反恐法,最后提出建立高效的反恐运行机制、完善涉恐资产冻结制度等。
[Abstract]:With the development of the economy and the change of the international situation, the terrorist activities are rampant after the 1990s, which has a great impact on the security and stability of all countries, and has seriously affected the peace and development of the world today. In recent years, our country has also often been threatened by terrorist forces at home and abroad, especially many terrorist attacks planned and carried out by illegal organizations represented by "East Turkistan" and "East Iraq Movement," etc. It seriously threatens the economic development and political stability of our society and affects the people's stable life. Although China's criminal law and its amendments have gradually added the crime of "terrorist organization" and "the crime of financing terrorist activities" in response to terrorist activities, At the same time, in 2011, the "decision on strengthening the Anti-terrorist work" was put forward specifically for the crime of terrorist activities. However, the current legislation to punish the crime of terrorist activity is still relatively single, scattered and not targeted. Therefore, there is an urgent need to further perfect and perfect the laws and regulations to punish the crime of terrorist activities. The main contents of this paper are as follows: the first part introduces the current situation of international and domestic anti-terrorism situation, starting with the analysis of the concept of terrorist crime, summarizes the characteristics of terrorist crime under the new situation; The second part is the analysis of the current situation of China's anti-terrorism legislation, including the Criminal Law Amendment (3), the Anti-Terrorism decision, the anti-terrorism interpretation issued by the two high schools in 2014, as well as the relevant provisions of the Criminal procedure Law. At the same time, it introduces the international conventions on counter-terrorism, as well as the anti-terrorism agreements between countries and regions. The third part is based on the second part of the article, combined with the current provisions on punishing crimes of terrorist activities in China, summarizes the shortcomings and deficiencies of the current legislative situation, and highlights Russia, France, and Britain. The United States and other countries counter-terrorism legislation experience, for the following recommendations to improve the reference; The fourth part is the focus of this article and the conclusion part, that is, put forward our country counter-terrorism legislation consummation suggestion, first is to give the clear definition to the terrorist activity crime foundation concept, secondly is the suggestion to amend and perfect the existing criminal law and the procedure law, Finally, it puts forward the establishment of an efficient anti-terrorism operation mechanism and the perfection of the terrorist-related assets freeze system and so on.
【学位授予单位】:甘肃政法学院
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2015
【分类号】:D924

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