微博著作权法律保护问题研究

发布时间:2019-01-08 15:29
【摘要】:随着微博文化的高速发展,与微博相关的著作权纠纷层出不穷,微博著作权保护成为越来越多的人关心和重视的问题。微博著作权中的侵权行为的侵权程度已有严重化的倾向,另外,近年来微博这样的新兴文化载体面临着著作权侵权行为扩大化的不利趋势,在时代技术的变革中受到原始著作权制度失效所带来的巨大权利冲击,具有更为明显的法律保护上的缺失。基于此情况,笔者对微博著作权的法律保护这一题目进行研究,从与微博著作权相关的民法领域为研究范围。以求为新兴的微博文化的发展提供优良的法律环境。 首先对微博的概念进行界定,并明确微博作品的概念界定,即成为作品得到法律保护的微博需要满足哪些要件。然后分析微博著作权的特性,包括微博作品著作权生成的迅捷性、微博作品著作权主体的广泛性、微博作品内容的多样性、微博作品著作权受侵的高概率性,进而确立完善微博作品法律保护时应注意的事项,然后再从立法及司法的角度为微博作品寻求法律保护。 立法保护方面,现行法律规定中没有对微博著作权进行系统化规定,而对微博著作权自律条约也缺乏规范,未对微博集体管理制度进行规定的问题,就需要在著作权法及民法通则中增加微博的特殊条款,如在《著作权法》中增加微博著作权等网络文化载体著作权的内容;在《民法通则》或《侵权责任法》中增加关于微博著作权侵权的特殊归责原则;另外在微博著作权立法中适量加大侵权行为处罚力度,自律体系就可以依此在法律的保障卜对条约中的成员形成健康有序的制约。对微博著作权集体管理制度设立专门条款,并在条款中规范微博著作权集体管理技术服务体系;微博著作权的许可模式也需要规范,在其中推行法定许可及创作共同协议等许可模式。 司法保护方面,现行司法规定中对微博著作权侵权案件举证困难的情形未予以解决,以及微博著作权侵权行为对补偿性赔偿原则的适用在实践中仍存有不妥之处,对此,应当使微博著作权侵权案件的取证方式多样化,包括公证取证及对网络服务提供商的取证等。而对于网络著作权侵权案件应采用惩罚性赔偿原则。并完善微博著作权案件的审判制度和司法指导性文件,放宽基层法院受理的知识产权案件的管辖标准。 执法保护方面,也存在明显的缺失、需要建立健全微博著作权执法保护,并针对微博的网络特性成立微博著作权监测小组。 相信我国微博文化在得到立法及司法不懈完善的保护后,以切实而有力的执法为保障,再施以高效可行的技术措施,定能获得更健康有序的发展环境。
[Abstract]:With the rapid development of Weibo culture, there are endless copyright disputes related to Weibo. The protection of the copyright has become an issue that more and more people care about and attach importance to. The degree of infringement of Weibo's copyright infringement has become more serious. In addition, in recent years, a new cultural carrier such as Weibo is facing an unfavorable trend of the expansion of copyright infringement. Due to the great impact of the invalidation of the original copyright system in the technological change of the times, there is a more obvious lack of legal protection. Based on this situation, the author studies the subject of the legal protection of Weibo's copyright, from the field of civil law related to the copyright of Weibo. In order to provide an excellent legal environment for the development of the new Weibo culture. Firstly, the concept of Weibo is defined, and then the concept of Weibo's works is defined, that is, which elements need to be satisfied when the works are protected by law. Then it analyzes the characteristics of Weibo's copyright, including the quickness of the generation of the copyright in Weibo's works, the extensiveness of the subject of the copyright, the diversity of the content of the works of Weibo, and the high probability of the infringement of the copyright of the works. Then it establishes the matters that should be paid attention to when perfecting the legal protection of Weibo's works, and then seeks legal protection for Weibo's works from the angle of legislation and judicature. In terms of legislative protection, there is no systematic provision for Weibo's copyright in the current legal provisions, and there is also a lack of standardization of the Weibo copyright self-discipline treaty, and there is no provision for the system of collective management of Weibo. It is necessary to add Weibo's special clauses in copyright law and general principles of civil law, such as the content of the copyright of the network culture carrier, such as the copyright of Weibo. To add the special imputation principle of Weibo's copyright infringement to the General principles of Civil Law or the Tort liability Law; In addition, in the copyright legislation of Weibo to increase the appropriate amount of tort penalties, the self-discipline system can be in accordance with the protection of the law to form a healthy and orderly restriction on the members of the treaty. To establish a special clause in Weibo's collective copyright management system, and to standardize the technical service system of Weibo's copyright collective management; Weibo copyright licensing model also needs to be standardized, in which the implementation of statutory licensing and creative common agreement licensing model. With regard to judicial protection, the difficulty of proving evidence in Weibo's copyright infringement cases in the current judicial provisions has not been resolved, and there are still some defects in the practice of the application of the compensatory compensation principle in Weibo's copyright infringement. It is necessary to diversify the ways of obtaining evidence in Weibo's copyright infringement cases, including notarization and evidence of network service providers. The principle of punitive damages should be adopted in network copyright infringement cases. We should perfect the judicial system and judicial guidance documents of Weibo copyright case and relax the jurisdiction standard of intellectual property rights cases accepted by grass-roots courts. In the aspect of law enforcement and protection, there is also obvious deficiency. It is necessary to establish and perfect Weibo's copyright enforcement protection, and to set up the Weibo copyright monitoring group according to the network characteristics of Weibo. It is believed that the culture of Weibo in our country can obtain a more healthy and orderly development environment after being protected by legislation and judicature, taking effective and effective law enforcement as the guarantee, and then applying effective and feasible technical measures.
【学位授予单位】:西南大学
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2014
【分类号】:D923.41

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