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我国工业企业技术创新效率的评价研究

发布时间:2019-01-08 10:14  文章来源:笔耕文化传播
【摘要】:在纷繁复杂的国内外环境中,我国想要在国际市场中把握主动权,必须牵住创新的“牛鼻子”,依靠创新驱动经济发展,推动经济转型升级,确定创新在国家发展全局中的重要位置。创新是引领发展的第一动力,企业作为保障经济与科技紧密相连的重要载体,需要强化创新意识,加大研发投入,积极投身开展科技创新活动的项目中去,提高技术创新效率水平,提升技术创新成果转化率,实现创新驱动发展的战略目标。目前,我国经济已经由高速发展期步入了中高速发展的“新常态”,随着党中央对创新的高度重视,创新热潮已经在全国范围内掀起,发挥企业技术创新的主体地位,将创新融入到企业经营发展的全局中去,从而提高企业技术创新能力势在必行。截止到2014年为止,我国有RD活动的大中型工业企业已经达到了21858家,与2005年相比,增加了3.18倍,人力、物力、财力投入呈现着持续的增长态势,但是与发达国家相比,我国工业企业技术创新投入力度还是远远不够的,发展过程中呈现出了整体技术创新水平偏低的现象。因而,本文把工业企业技术创新效率作为研究对象,对大中型工业企业技术创新效率进行评价分析。本文对影响工业企业技术创新效率的因素进行分析,并在此基础上构建技术创新的评价体系,选取适合我国国情的投入指标与产出指标。运用DEA分析方法,从静态和动态两个方面入手,对我国各地工业企业技术创新综合效率进行比较研究,进而提出改进的方向与力度。最终得出我国工业企业技术创新活动开展力度不够,技术创新效率区域性差异明显,投入资源被浪费现象严重的结论,并在此基础上提出了可以有效推动我国技术创新效率水平的政策性意见。
[Abstract]:In the complicated environment at home and abroad, if we want to grasp the initiative in the international market, we must hold onto the "cow's nose" of innovation, rely on innovation to drive economic development and promote economic transformation and upgrading. Determine the important position of innovation in the overall development of the country. Innovation is the first driving force to lead development. As an important carrier to ensure that the economy is closely connected with science and technology, enterprises need to strengthen their awareness of innovation, increase their investment in R & D, and actively participate in projects that carry out scientific and technological innovation activities. Improve the efficiency of technological innovation, improve the transformation rate of technological innovation achievements, and achieve the strategic goal of innovation driven development. At present, the economy of our country has stepped into the "new normal" of medium and high speed development from the period of high speed development. With the high attention paid by the Party Central Committee to innovation, the upsurge of innovation has been set off throughout the country, giving play to the main position of technological innovation in enterprises. It is imperative to integrate innovation into the overall situation of enterprise management and development, so as to improve the technological innovation ability of enterprises. Up to 2014, the number of large and medium-sized industrial enterprises with RD activities in China has reached 21858, an increase of 3.18 times compared with 2005. The investment of manpower, material resources and financial resources has shown a sustained growth trend, but compared with developed countries, The investment in technological innovation of industrial enterprises in our country is far from enough, and the overall level of technological innovation is on the low side in the process of development. Therefore, this paper takes the technological innovation efficiency of industrial enterprises as the research object, and evaluates and analyzes the technological innovation efficiency of large and medium-sized industrial enterprises. This paper analyzes the factors that affect the efficiency of technological innovation in industrial enterprises, and on this basis, constructs an evaluation system of technological innovation, and selects input and output indicators suitable for China's national conditions. By using DEA analysis method, this paper makes a comparative study on the comprehensive efficiency of technological innovation of industrial enterprises in various parts of China from static and dynamic aspects, and then puts forward the direction and strength of improvement. Finally, the conclusion is drawn that the technological innovation activities of industrial enterprises in our country are not enough, the regional differences of technological innovation efficiency are obvious, and the phenomenon of waste of input resources is serious. On this basis, the paper puts forward some policy suggestions which can effectively promote the efficiency level of technological innovation in China.
【学位授予单位】:辽宁大学
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2017
【分类号】:F425;F273.1

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