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学人小说:试论《阅微草堂笔记》的文化品格

发布时间:2019-01-03 09:28  文章来源:笔耕文化传播
【摘要】:纪昀晚年创作的《阅微草堂笔记》,形式短小,内容博杂,是集志怪、轶事、考证于一体的笔记小说。纪昀一生潜力于学术研究,在创作《阅微草堂笔记》时纪昀将理性的学术思维与学术观点注入到文学创作中,使小说呈现出“著书者之笔”的学术特色。本文以《阅微草堂笔记》为研究对象,采用作品分析法、统计法等研究方法,以纪昀的学术思维与《阅微草堂笔记》的艺术风格为线索,以《阅微草堂笔记》的内容、艺术为研究内容,分析纪昀与学术的关系,《阅微草堂笔记》的创作理念、创作旨趣、美学风格,以此来探究纪昀的学术思维对小说创作的影响。论文由以下四部分组成:第一部分是对纪昀学人身份的认定。本章从纪昀学人角色的历时演变、谱系的多重建构、时代因缘等三方面分析纪昀与学术的关系。纪昀一生致力于学术的考证研究,形成了自成体系的学术思维,是乾嘉学派中不可替代的重要角色。纪昀是在乾嘉学派的影响下,将自己的学术思维、学术观点融入到小说创作中的。第二部分论述了纪昀“著书者之笔”的创作理念。作为崇尚严谨的乾嘉学者,纪昀提倡不同于“才子之笔”的“著书者之笔”。这一部分首先详细论述了学人思维影响下纪昀恪守传统的文体观念。纪昀在传统目录学的立场上,将杂说与笔记相融合,形成了“寓劝戒、资考证、广见闻”的笔记小说。其次,论述了理性的创作思维。历史家的“实录”精神和朴学家的“实事求是”精神对《阅微草堂笔记》的创作形成了辩证与求实黜虚的叙事规范。最后,论述了纪昀通过神道设教的外在形式凸显明道的宗旨。第三部分论述了学人纪昀通过《阅微草堂笔记》创作,将小说引向了学术化、学问化、知识化的道路。本篇通过探讨《阅微草堂笔记》中儒释道之争、汉宋之争等学术争鸣的现象;《阅微草堂笔记》中的考证内容与考证特点;纪昀知识才学的展示等,进一步论述了纪昀有意将学人情怀融入到小说创作之中。第四部分论述了学人纪昀展现的《阅微草堂笔记》的美学风格。本篇主要结合作品分析在学者崇尚理性思维的影响下,纪昀反对缛丽、虚构的文学风格及对小说的创作进行了艺术处理。纪昀通过事理交融、喜好议论等方法使《阅微草堂笔记》呈现出以理主情的构思模式;通过好读书、好议论、好知礼的鬼狐塑造了一大批读书明礼的博雅鬼狐形象;通过朴素简练的白描手法、简淡妙远的语言技巧构成了尚质黜华的美学风格。通过对小说中美学风格的分析,进一步确定《阅微草堂笔记》的艺术地位。
[Abstract]:In his later years, Ji Yun's notes on reading micro-Caotang are short in form and rich in content. They are a collection of strange stories, anecdotes, and textual research in one of the note-taking novels. Ji Yun's life potential lies in academic research. Shi Jiyun infused rational academic thinking and academic viewpoint into literary creation in the creation of "Reading the Notes of Wei Cao Tang", which makes the novel show the academic characteristics of "the writer's pen". In this paper, the author takes "Reading the notes of the micro-caotang" as the research object, adopts the methods of work analysis and statistics, takes Ji Yun's academic thinking and the artistic style of "reading the notes of the micro-caotang" as the clue, and takes the contents of "reading the notes of the micro-caotang" as the clue. Art is the research content, the relationship between Ji Yun and the academic is analyzed, and the creative idea, the creative purport and the aesthetic style of "Reading Wei Cao Tang Notes" are analyzed to explore the influence of Ji Yun's academic thinking on the novel creation. The thesis consists of the following four parts: the first part is the identification of Ji Yun. This chapter analyzes the relationship between Ji Yun and academic from three aspects: the diachronic evolution of Ji Yun's role, the multiple construction of pedigree and the cause of the times. Ji Yun devoted his life to the research of academic textual research and formed his own academic thinking, which is an irreplaceable important role in Qianjia School. Under the influence of Qianjia School, Ji Yun incorporated his academic thinking and viewpoint into the novel creation. The second part discusses the creative idea of Ji Yun. As a rigorous Qianjia scholar, Ji Yun advocates "the pen of the calligrapher", which is different from "the brush of the scholar". This part discusses in detail that Ji Yun adheres to the traditional stylistic concept under the influence of scholars'thinking. Ji Yun, on the standpoint of traditional bibliography, combines miscellaneous theory with notes, and forms a novel of "combining admonition, textual research and extensive knowledge". Secondly, the rational creative thinking is discussed. The spirit of truthfulness of historians and the spirit of seeking truth from facts form a dialectical and fictitious narrative norm for the creation of "Reading the Notes of Wei Cao Tang". Finally, the paper discusses the external form of Jiyun's teaching through Shinto to highlight the purpose of Ming Tao. The third part discusses the scholar Ji Yun's works of reading the notes of Wei Caotang, leading the novel to the road of academic, scholarly and intellectual. In this article, the author discusses the phenomenon of academic contention between Confucianism, Buddhism, Taoism and Han and Song dynasties, the textual research contents and the characteristics of textual research in the Notes of Reading Weicaotang; The display of Ji Yun's knowledge and talent further discusses Ji Yun's intention to incorporate the scholar's feelings into the novel creation. The fourth part discusses the aesthetic style of reading notes of Wei Caotang presented by the scholar Ji Yun. Under the influence of the scholars advocating rational thinking, Ji Yun is opposed to elaborate, fictional literary style and artistic treatment of novel creation. Ji Yun, by means of the blending of facts and principles, likes to discuss, and so on, makes the notes of reading micro-caucuses show the conception mode of managing the subject's feelings, and shapes a large number of images of Boya and ghosts by good reading, good discussion, good knowledge and good manners. Through simple and concise techniques, simple and distant language skills constitute the aesthetic style of Shang Qi-hua. Through the analysis of the aesthetic style in the novel, the artistic status of Reading the Notes of the Weekly Caotang is further determined.
【学位授予单位】:曲阜师范大学
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2017
【分类号】:I207.41

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