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临床医护人员输血不良反应继续教育需求的现况调查

发布时间:2019-01-10 18:48  文章来源:笔耕文化传播
【摘要】:目的了解医护人员对输血不良反应继续教育需求的现况,为开展医护人员输血不良反应继续教育提供依据。方法选取重庆市3所三甲医院的临床主要用血科室(重症医学科、心血管外科、创伤外科、关节外科、肝胆外科、血液内科、消化科等年用血量较多的科室)全部1 903名医护人员,对其输血不良反应知识做问卷调查,获得的数据采用SPSS 19.0统计软件分析。结果本组医护人员对输血不良反应相关知识正确回答率(%)是51.31(976/1 903);不同学历者得分(分):专科15.98±3.79、本科16.41±3.95、硕士15.72±4.19、博士16.82±3.98(P0.01);不同职称者得分(分):初级16.06±3.96、中级16.87±3.95、高级16.99±3.73(P0.01);不同工作年限者得分(分):5年15.82±3.93、5-10年16.62±4.04、10年16.92±3.69(P0.01);不同培训次数者得分(分):0次16.26±3.72、1-3次16.30±3.79、≥4次16.71±3.65(P0.01);38.26%(728/1 903)的医护人员认为目前输血不良反应上报认为存在漏报,96.42%(1 835/1 903)的医护人员认为有必要开展输血不良反应继续教育。结论临床医护人员对输血不良反应相关知识掌握相对欠缺,需要有针对性地开展继续教育来提高医护人员认识水平,以保证用血安全。
[Abstract]:Objective to understand the current situation of medical staff's need for continuing education on adverse reactions of blood transfusion, and to provide basis for continuing education on adverse reactions of blood transfusion among medical and nursing staff. Methods the major clinical departments of 3 Grade A hospitals in Chongqing were selected as follows: Department of intensive Medicine, Cardiovascular surgery, Trauma surgery, Joint surgery, Hepatobiliary surgery, Hematology. All 1 903 medical and nursing staff were investigated by questionnaire on the knowledge of transfusion adverse reactions. The data obtained were analyzed by SPSS 19.0 software. Results the correct answer rate (%) was 51.31 (976 / 1 903). The scores of students with different degrees were 15.98 卤3.79, 16.41 卤3.95, 15.72 卤4.19, 16.82 卤3.98 (P0.01); The scores of those with different titles were: primary 16.06 卤3.96, intermediate 16.87 卤3.95, senior 16.99 卤3.73 (P0.01); The scores of people with different working years were 15.82 卤3.93 years in 5 years and 16.62 卤4.04 in 10 years and 16.92 卤3.69 in 10 years (P0.01). The scores of different training times were: 0 times 16.26 卤3.72 times, 16.30 卤3.79 times, 鈮,

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