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涉县宋家村传统聚落与民居研究

发布时间:2019-01-11 13:23
【摘要】:传统聚落与民居是中国社会历史文化的载体,研究传统聚落与民居对中国建筑有着深远的影响。传统聚落是人类利用与改造自然的产物,是人类生产、生活以及居住的场所,它的发展象征着人们寻求与自然相谐相融的演变格局。而传统民居则反映着一个国家的建筑精髓,传统民居的形成既受到社会、文化、习俗的影响,又受到地理、气候等自然条件的制约,是历史岁月中沉淀的思想与灵魂。涉县位于太行山东麓,隶属河北省邯郸市,历史文化积淀深厚,涉县地区形成了具有地域特色的传统聚落与民居。位于涉县关防乡的宋家村是其中保存较完好的河北省历史文化名村。本文以宋家村为研究对象,通过对其传统聚落与民居多次实地调研、测量、拍照记录等方法,对传统聚落的风土环境,选址及规划,功能与空间布局进行了分析,并对传统民居的院落空间,立面与造型,营造技术等方面深入探究,充分反映了宋家村传统聚落与民居的地域特色。本文共分为六个章节:第一章绪论,主要介绍课题研究背景、目的和意义、国内外研究现状、研究范围及研究对象、研究方法及创新点,确定研究框架。第二章主要对宋家村传统聚落研究,分析传统聚落的风土环境、选址及规划、功能与空间布局、公共建筑以及给水排水。第三章通过四个实例分别介绍宋家村传统民居的院落空间布局。第四章通过四个实例分别介绍宋家村传统民居的立面与造型。第五章研究宋家村传统聚落与民居的营造技术研究,分析其材料结构、构造方法、施工方法等。第六章根据上述研究成果,对宋家村的传统聚落与民居的地域特色做出总结。目前,在研究传统聚落与民居过程中我们已经取得初步成果,可以看出宋家村传统聚落延习了背山面水的分布规律,空间形态与道路结合密切,传统民居采用三合院和四合院平面布局的石头房子。人们越来越重视这些传统的文化精髓如何传承下去,但是真正从民族文化与地方文化入手去创作中国建筑的人还不是很多,保护这些传统聚落与民居的效率还不是很高。本文的研究对中国传统建筑的传承有一定的积极意义,同时对研究传统聚落与民居有参考意义。
[Abstract]:Traditional settlements and houses are the carriers of Chinese social history and culture. The study of traditional settlements and houses has a profound influence on Chinese architecture. Traditional settlement is the product of human utilization and transformation of nature, and the place where human beings produce, live and live. Its development symbolizes the evolution pattern of people seeking harmony with nature. Traditional houses reflect the essence of a country's architecture. The formation of traditional houses is not only influenced by society, culture and custom, but also restricted by natural conditions such as geography and climate. Shexian is located at the eastern foot of Taihang Mountain, which belongs to Handan City, Hebei Province, with deep historical and cultural accumulation. Songjia Village, located in Guanfangxiang of Shexian County, is a well-preserved historical and cultural village in Hebei Province. Taking Song Jia Village as the research object, this paper analyzes the traditional settlement environment, location and planning, function and space layout through many field investigation, measurement, photo recording and so on. And the traditional residential courtyard space, facade and modeling, construction technology and other aspects of in-depth exploration, fully reflects the traditional settlement of the Song village and residential regional characteristics. This paper is divided into six chapters: the first chapter introduces the research background, purpose and significance, domestic and foreign research status, research scope and research object, research methods and innovative points, determine the research framework. The second chapter mainly studies the traditional settlement of Songjia Village, analyzes the traditional settlement environment, location and planning, function and spatial layout, public buildings and water supply and drainage. The third chapter introduces the layout of the courtyard space of the traditional houses of Song Jia Village through four examples. Chapter four introduces the facade and modeling of the traditional houses of Song Jia Village through four examples. The fifth chapter studies the construction technology of the traditional settlements and houses in Song Jia Village, and analyzes its material structure, construction methods and construction methods. The sixth chapter summarizes the traditional settlements and the regional characteristics of the houses in Song Jia Village according to the above research results. At present, in the process of studying traditional settlements and houses, we have made preliminary achievements. It can be seen that the traditional settlement of Song Jia Village has extended the distribution law of back mountain surface water, and the spatial form is closely combined with the road. Traditional houses are stone houses with the layout of Sanheyuan and Siheyuan. People pay more and more attention to how to inherit the essence of these traditional cultures, but there are not many people who really start from national culture and local culture to create Chinese architecture, and the efficiency of protecting these traditional settlements and houses is not very high. The study of this paper has some positive significance for the inheritance of Chinese traditional architecture and reference significance for the study of traditional settlements and houses.
【学位授予单位】:河北工程大学
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2017
【分类号】:TU241.5;TU982.29

【参考文献】

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