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农村母亲受教育程度对子女教育的影响

发布时间:2018-06-07 02:06  文章来源:笔耕文化传播

  本文选题:母亲 + 受教育程度 ; 参考:《湖南大学》2013年硕士论文


【摘要】:母亲作为子女的第一任老师,她们的教育方法和教育态度对子女教育有很重要的影响。在农村,由于环境所限,农村孩子不像城市中的孩子一样能够多渠道接受信息,他们的信息主要都来源于母亲,因此提高农村女性受教育水平对提高我国农村人口的质量有着非常重要的实践意义。总体上看,湖南省宁乡县农村母亲的文化程度主要集中在初高中水平,农村母亲对子女教育投资方面主要是财力、情感、人力这三个方面。在财力方面,母亲对子女教育投资主要受母亲教育观念的影响,母亲受教育程度较高的,会认为教育是一种长远投资,对子女在教育投资力度上也较高,而母亲文化程度较低的对教育的投资力度也较低。在情感方面,农村女性不管文化程度如何,选择不给予奖励和口头奖励的最多,只有母亲文化程度为大专或以上的倾向于选择给孩子买他喜欢的东西。在沟通方式上,母亲文化程度为大专或以上的基本上都会与孩子沟通,随着母亲文化程度的递减,母亲跟子女的沟通程度也是逐渐降低。在人力方面,农村母亲安排子女假期时,母亲文化为高中或以上的主要让孩子假期学习和让子女自主安排,而母亲文化程度较低的则主要倾向于让子女做更多的家务。在母亲文化程度与关心孩子学习的主要方式上,母亲文化程度较高的主要集中在找老师谈话和辅导孩子学习这些较科学的方法,而母亲文化程度较低的母亲主要是选择考察孩子成绩单。在对子女教育态度和性别偏好上发现农村中绝大部分母亲都认为供养子女上学是父母应尽的责任,,不管母亲文化程度如何都希望子女能多接受点文化。对子女的性别偏好上,农村母亲无论受教育程度如何,在对男女是否应该同等接受教育上,大部分农村母亲表示同意。而在对子女教育投资的性别偏好上,农村女性也基本上认为对子女的教育投资应该同等对待。在经济不允许的情况下,绝大多数农村女性还是倾向于选择成绩好的继续升学,只有少数文化水平偏低的母亲会选择男孩继续升学。在农村母亲文化程度对子女的受教育期望和目的的分析上,母亲文化程度为大专或以上希望子女将来接受大学或以上文化;初高中文化的母亲,则希望子女完成大学本科教育;而母亲文化为小学或以下的大部分就希望子女接受九年义务教育、高中或职高就可以了。在对子女接受教育的目的上,不管母亲文化程度如何绝大部分是让子女学知识见世面,认为以后不管做什么都需要一定的文化。在优化农村母亲对子女教育影响的建议方面,笔者认为国家要强化资金与政策投入,缩小农村与城镇和发达地区差距、加大农村女性的教育投资力度、制定相关法律法规、创造有利于农村女性接受教育的社会环境。此外母亲方面也要树立良好的教育观念、树立长远的教育投资观念、努力提高自身修养和知识水平、有一个良好的教育子女的方法。
[Abstract]:As the first teacher of children, their educational methods and attitudes have an important impact on their children's education. In rural areas, because of the environment, children in rural areas are not as able to receive information as the children in the city. Their information is mainly derived from their parents, so the education level of rural women is improved. The quality of the rural population in China has a very important practical significance. In general, the cultural degree of rural mothers in Ningxiang County of Hunan province is mainly concentrated in the primary and high school level. The rural mother's investment in education for children is mainly financial, emotional and human. In the financial power, mother's education investment for children is mainly mother education. The influence of the concept, the mother is higher education, will think that education is a long-term investment, the investment of children in education is also higher, while the mother's lower education level of education is lower. In the emotional aspect, rural women, regardless of the degree of culture, choose not to give the most reward and oral reward, only the mother. In the way of communication, the mother's cultural degree is basically communication with the children. With the decline of the mother's cultural degree, the degree of communication between the mother and the children is gradually reduced. In the human aspect, the rural mother arranges the children's leave. At the time of the period, mother culture is mainly for high school or above to let children study and arrange their children independently, while the lower level of mother's culture tends to let their children do more housework. In the main way of mother's education and caring for children, the higher level of mother's culture concentrates on teacher talk and tutoring. Children with a lower mother's level of education mainly choose to examine their children's transcripts. The majority of mothers in rural areas have found that the majority of mothers in the countryside believe that feeding their children to school is the responsibility of their parents. On the gender preference of children, rural mothers agree with the majority of rural mothers regardless of educational level and whether they should receive equal education for men and women. In the gender preference of children's education investment, rural women also basically think that investment in education for children should be treated equally. In the case of economic disapproval. At the same time, most of the rural women are still inclined to choose good grades. Only a few mothers with low cultural levels will choose boys to continue to go to school. In the analysis of the educational expectations and aims of children in rural mothers' education, the mother has a college degree or more hope that their children will receive college or above culture in the future. The mother of the primary and high school culture wants the children to complete the undergraduate education; while the mother culture is the primary school or the following, it is hoped that the children will receive nine years of compulsory education, high school or vocational school. In order to optimize the influence of rural mother to children's education in the future, the author believes that the state should strengthen the investment of funds and policies, reduce the gap between rural and urban and developed areas, increase the education investment of rural women, formulate relevant laws and regulations, and create benefits for rural women to accept teaching. In addition, the mother should set up a good education concept, set up a long-term educational investment concept, and strive to improve their self-cultivation and knowledge level, and have a good way to educate their children.
【学位授予单位】:湖南大学
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2013
【分类号】:G78

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