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英语背景学生三类平比句式肯定形式的习得研究

发布时间:2019-01-07 20:37
【摘要】: 平比是人类共有的认知活动,这一语义在英语和汉语中都存在,但是具体的语义范畴和句法形式却不完全相同。因此,两种语言中平比句式的多样性和不对称性共同决定了其在对外汉语教学中具有重要的地位。 本文采取语料库研究与调查问卷研究相结合的方法,以英语背景学生为调查对象,考察他们“跟”、“像”和“有”三类平比句的六个句式的习得情况。我们通过语料库和调查问卷研究分别得到了六个平比句式的习得顺序,这两种方法得到的习得顺序完全一样,并且具有统计学上的意义。在此基础上,我们对英语背景学生六个平比句式的习得过程进行了分析,描述了不同学时等级学生习得这六个句式时的特点和规律,并且提出平比句式习得的过程中包含着学生语义认知的习得,以及平比句式语法功能细化的过程。这些都充分展示出,英语背景学生在习得平比句式时的创造力和积极性。 文章共分为六个部分。第一部分说明了平比句式的定义、基本组成要素和我们研究的六个句式的选取依据。第二部分对汉语中平比句式的本体研究以及习得研究进行了梳理。第三部分阐述了研究的目标和意义。第四部分先说明了研究方法和对数据的具体处理步骤,进而在此基础上展开了对六个平比句式习得顺序和习得过程的分析。第五部分探讨了影响习得顺序和习得过程的三个因素。最后一个部分得出本文的研究结论,并提出了针对英语背景学生平比句式教学的建议。
[Abstract]:Pingbi is a common cognitive activity, which exists in both English and Chinese, but the specific semantic categories and syntactic forms are not identical. Therefore, the diversity and asymmetry of the two languages determine their important position in the teaching of Chinese as a foreign language. This paper adopts the method of corpus-based research and questionnaire research to investigate the acquisition of six syntactic patterns of "follow", "Xiang" and "you" among English background students. We have obtained the acquisition order of six equal-ratio sentence patterns by corpus-based and questionnaire studies respectively. The acquisition order obtained by these two methods is identical and statistically significant. On this basis, we analyze the acquisition process of the six parallel sentence patterns of English background students, and describe the characteristics and rules of the acquisition of these six sentence patterns by students at different levels of school hours. It also points out that the acquisition of EQ sentence includes the acquisition of students' semantic cognition and the refinement of grammatical function. All of these fully demonstrate the creativity and motivation of English background students in the acquisition of EQ sentence patterns. The article is divided into six parts. The first part explains the definition of the Pingbi sentence pattern, the basic elements and the selection basis of the six sentence patterns we studied. In the second part, the ontological study and acquisition study of the sentence structure in Chinese are combed out. The third part elaborated the research goal and the significance. The fourth part first explains the research methods and the specific processing steps of the data, and then analyzes the acquisition sequence and acquisition process of the six parallel sentence patterns. The fifth part discusses the three factors that influence the acquisition sequence and acquisition process. The last part draws the conclusion of this paper and puts forward some suggestions for English background students.
【学位授予单位】:北京语言大学
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2009
【分类号】:H195


本文编号:2404133


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