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高校艺术类毕业生择业焦虑的研究

发布时间:2019-01-07 18:40
【摘要】: “艺考热”下,由不同的学习动因考入高校从事艺术类专业学习的毕业生的择业心理是千差万别的。以往研究发现,在择业期间,一定程度的焦虑可以激发毕业生择业的动机,增强毕业生主动参与就业竞争的积极性,有利于毕业生顺利就业,但过度的焦虑则会破坏毕业生的心理平衡,危害毕业生的身心健康,在择业时产生退缩、逃避、艮惧,甚至失眠、精神抑郁等行为和心理病症,会使毕业生失去应有的判断能力和自制能力,直接影响择业的过程和结果。 通过文献整理与分析,在借鉴前人相关研究的基础上,结合开放式问卷和访谈结果,研究者根据问卷编制的原则及要求编制《高校毕业生择业焦虑及原因调查问卷》。研究选取南京艺术学院、常州工学院等六所高校毕业生共计824名作为高校毕业生的代表,综合调查分析高校艺术类毕业生的择业焦虑状况,在此基础上,初步探讨了高校艺术类毕业生择业焦虑的影响因素及教育启示。 通过综合调查和数据分析,研究得出如下结论: (1)高校艺术类与非艺术类毕业生的择业焦虑特质水平存在差异,均显著高于全国常模: (2)高校艺术类毕业生的择业焦虑特点存在性别、家庭状况、择业阶段等差异; (3)高校艺术类毕业生的择业焦虑受到诸如个性因素、就业前景、社会支持、自信心、就业压力等因素的影响。 由此,研究者提出缓减艺术类毕业生择业焦虑,促进艺术类毕业生充分就业的建议和举措。
[Abstract]:Under the "craze of Art examination", the psychology of choosing a career for graduates who are admitted to art major by different learning motivation is very different. Previous studies have found that a certain degree of anxiety during the career selection period can stimulate the motivation of graduates to choose a job, enhance the enthusiasm of graduates to actively participate in the employment competition, and be conducive to the smooth employment of graduates. However, excessive anxiety can disrupt the psychological balance of graduates, endanger their physical and mental health, and produce behavior and psychological disorders such as withdrawal, escape, fear, even insomnia, mental depression, etc. It will make graduates lose their due judgment and self-control ability, and directly affect the process and result of career selection. On the basis of literature review and analysis, combined with the open questionnaire and interview results, the researcher compiled the questionnaire of career anxiety and reasons for College graduates according to the principles and requirements of the questionnaire. The study selected 824 graduates from six universities, such as Nanjing Art Institute and Changzhou Institute of Technology, as the representatives of college graduates, and comprehensively investigated and analyzed the situation of career anxiety of art graduates in colleges and universities, on the basis of which, This paper probes into the influencing factors of career anxiety of college art graduates and its educational enlightenment. Through comprehensive investigation and data analysis, the following conclusions are drawn: (1) there are differences in the level of job anxiety between college and non-art graduates. All of them were significantly higher than the national norm: (2) there were differences in the characteristics of career anxiety among college art graduates such as gender, family status, career selection stage and so on; (3) the anxiety of college art graduates is influenced by such factors as personality factors, employment prospects, social support, self-confidence, employment pressure and so on. Therefore, the researcher puts forward some suggestions and measures to alleviate the anxiety of art graduates in choosing jobs and to promote their full employment.
【学位授予单位】:南京师范大学
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2008
【分类号】:G647.38;B844.2

【引证文献】

相关硕士学位论文 前6条

1 王瑾;大学毕业生心理弹性、自我分化与就业焦虑的关系研究[D];河南大学;2011年

2 刘虹;大学生心理弹性与其就业心理的关系研究[D];苏州大学;2010年

3 任化娟;大学毕业生就业焦虑与职业决策困难特点及关系[D];河南大学;2010年

4 王楠;硕士研究生职业决策困难与自我概念、焦虑的关系研究[D];延边大学;2012年

5 黄蕊;高校应届毕业生生涯不确定的影响因素探讨[D];哈尔滨工程大学;2012年

6 李珊;河南省高职院校学生就业焦虑问题及其对策研究[D];湖北工业大学;2013年



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