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大学生自我概念与社会适应的相关研究

发布时间:2018-12-31 08:08  文章来源:笔耕文化传播
【摘要】:大学阶段是人的自我意识成熟的关键阶段,也是个体社会化发展,适应社会的关键阶段。在此期间,大学生是否能够正确地认识自己、发展自己,对他们今后走向社会、适应社会有着重要的影响。因此,大学生的自我意识问题与社会适应问题一直是发展与教育心理学研究的焦点问题。 论文首先对自我概念的研究范型以及社会适应的内涵,,查阅了国内外大量的文献综述,并通过开放式问卷的调查,结合当前大学生在校学习生活的现状,着力于找出大学生自我概念与社会适应的关系问题。本研究选取南京市三所高校的大学生为研究对象,在开放式问卷调查以及访谈的基础上,自编大学生自我概念问卷和大学生社会适应问卷作为研究工具,探讨分析了大学生自我概念各因子对大学生社会适应的影响,并定量统计出其相关关系。通过研究得出以下结论:1、大学生自我概念对大学生社会适应有显著影响。2、大学生自我概念与社会适应总体上呈较高的正相关。3、大学生的社会适应能力随年龄的增长而逐渐增强,符合个体能力发展的一般规律。4、性别对大学生社会适应的总体影响不显著,而学校类别对大学生社会适应产生显著影响。
[Abstract]:The stage of university is the key stage of the maturity of self-consciousness, the development of individual socialization and the adaptation to society. During this period, whether college students can correctly understand themselves and develop themselves will have an important impact on their future social orientation and adaptation. Therefore, the problem of college students' self-consciousness and social adaptation has always been the focus of development and educational psychology. First of all, the research paradigm of self-concept and the connotation of social adaptation are reviewed, and through an open questionnaire survey, combined with the current situation of college students studying and living in school. Try to find out the relationship between college students' self-concept and social adaptation. Based on the open questionnaire and interviews, the self-concept questionnaire and the social adaptation questionnaire of college students are selected as the research tools. This paper discusses and analyzes the influence of various factors of college students' self-concept on college students' social adaptation, and quantificationally statistics the correlation between them. The conclusions are as follows: 1. The self-concept of college students has a significant impact on the social adaptation of college students. 2. There is a high positive correlation between the self-concept of college students and social adaptation. The social adaptability of college students increases gradually with the increase of age, which accords with the general law of individual ability development. 4. Gender has no significant effect on the social adaptation of college students, but the school category has a significant impact on the social adaptation of college students.
【学位授予单位】:南京师范大学
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2006
【分类号】:B844.2

【引证文献】

相关硕士学位论文 前2条

1 王艳;石河子大学学生身体、心理和社会适应健康素质综合评价研究[D];石河子大学;2007年

2 方从慧;当代大学生社会适应现状调查研究[D];西南大学;2008年



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