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重庆市2000—2014年中小学生体质与健康状况动态分析

发布时间:2019-01-12 13:39  文章来源:笔耕文化传播
【摘要】:目的了解重庆市2000—2014年中小学生体质与健康状况变化的特点、规律和趋势,为进一步改善学校体育、卫生工作和政府有关部门的决策提供科学依据。方法利用2000,2005,2010,2014年4次全国学生体质与健康调研的重庆市7~18岁年龄段中小学生调研数据,对重庆市中小学生形态指标、功能指标、身体素质指标进行动态观察和分析。结果重庆市14年间小学组男、女生身高分别增长了5.75,5.06cm,中学组分别增长了2.84,2.03 cm;小学组男、女生体重分别增长了5.95,4.78 kg,中学组分别增长了5.53,2.74 kg;小学组男、女生胸围分别增长了4.69,3.83 cm,中学组分别增长了2.22,2.23 cm。中小学组男女生立定跳远、耐力跑,小学组男女生50 m跑和女生仰卧起坐,以及中学组男生肺活量、50 m跑等项目成绩有不同程度提高,但小学组男女生肺活量、小学组男生斜身引体,中学男生引体向上、女生50 m跑、肺活量和仰卧起坐等项目成绩有不同程度下降。结论重庆市中小学生形态发育持续增长,身体功能改善不明显,身体素质稳中向好,但发展不均衡。政府和有关部门应建立青少年体质健康促进机制和学生体育运动意外事故的理赔制度,以促进中小学生身体形态、功能和素质均衡发展。
[Abstract]:Objective to understand the characteristics, rules and trends of the changes in physical fitness and health status of primary and middle school students in Chongqing from 2000 to 2014, so as to provide scientific basis for further improvement of school physical education, health work and decision-making of relevant government departments. Methods based on the investigation data of students aged 7 ~ 18 years old in Chongqing from 2005 to 2010 and four times in 2014, the dynamic observation and analysis were made on the morphological index, function index and physical fitness index of primary and middle school students in Chongqing. Results the height of boys and girls in primary school and secondary school increased by 5.75 ~ 5.06 cm and 2.84% / 2.03 cm; respectively during 14 years in Chongqing. The body weight of primary school boys and girls increased 5.95% 4.78 kg, secondary school groups increased 5.53% 2.74 kg; primary school boys, girls' chest girth increased 4.69 卤3.83 cm, secondary school groups increased 2.22 卤2.23 cm. respectively. The results of standing long jump, endurance running, 50 m running and sit-up of girls in primary school group, and vital capacity and 50 m running in middle school group were improved to some extent, but the vital capacity of male and female students in primary school group. In the primary school group, the boys were inclined to lead, the middle school boys in the middle school, the girls in 50 m running, the vital capacity and the sit-ups and so on, and so on the item achievement has the varying degree to decline. Conclusion the morphological development of primary and middle school students in Chongqing is increasing continuously, the improvement of physical function is not obvious, the physical quality is steady and moderate, but the development is not balanced. The government and relevant departments should establish the mechanism for promoting the physical health of teenagers and the compensation system for sports accidents of students in order to promote the balanced development of body shape, function and quality of primary and middle school students.
【作者单位】: 西南政法大学体育部;重庆市南川区中小学卫生保健监督管理所;重庆市沙坪坝区中小学卫生保健所;重庆师范大学;重庆市中小学卫生保健所;
【基金】:重庆市教育科学“十二五”规划2015年度专项课题(2015-JC-031)
【分类号】:G804.49

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