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后工业时代我国工业建筑遗产保护与再利用策略研究

发布时间:2019-01-12 18:17
【摘要】:本文属于工业建筑遗产保护与再利用领域中以建筑类型为核心的专题研究,研究的主体是城市发展更新过程中大量出现的旧工业建筑,研究的目的是试图寻找出适应中国国情、符合经济发展规律、与后工业时代城市发展语境相协调的、可持续发展的工业建筑遗产保护及再利用的途径,系统分析保护与改造过程中的策略与方法。目前,我国城市的整体状态还处在工业化的中期阶段,但是一些经济发展较快的主要城市在城市更新进程的冲击下,社会结构正发生着根本性的变化,已逐步进入到后工业时代。在这一转型过程中如何使更多的工业建筑遗产得到妥善的保护与再利用、保留城市发展的印迹、延续城市发展的文脉,这已成为我国遗产保护事业中具有重要性和紧迫性的研究课题。特别是伴随着旧城改造与城市更新,工业建筑保护与再利用的意义与价值尚未形成普遍的共识,虽然已进行了大量的实践项目和操作经验的积累,但仍缺乏完整的理论体系对其进行指导。论文在对国外的相关经验进行数据统计和系统比对研究的基础上,以后工业时代发展为背景、建筑、环境和文化的综合理论作为支撑,从工业建筑遗产的综合价值体系为切入点展开系统的分析,通过国内外理论发展与实际项目的比较与研究,探讨我国工业建筑遗产现实存在的问题与差距。同时,从城市功能的调整与优化、建筑功能的调整与置换、综合利益因素的参与与平衡等方面阐述工业建筑遗产保护与再利用的基本原则,同时构建完整的可实施性的工业遗产评估体系以及普查、定位和管理的相关机制。文章针对工业建筑遗产的再利用模式展开探讨,从工业建筑自身的特点和建筑的内外部空间以及旧工业构件的艺术再造和再利用中的情感补偿五个方面来深入分析再利用的实施策略。通过多样化的技术手段,以实际改造案例为支撑,从理论和实践两个方面去构筑全面系统的改造设计方法。文章立足于后工业时代的属性,从工业建筑遗产不同的核心价值和再利用导向为切入点,以实际案例的形式阐述了不同导向因素对改造方向及结果的影响。文章最后以天津和台北两个不同地域和不同历史背景的城市为研究目标,分别以城市中河道和铁路沿线两种不同的工业遗产廊道为对象进行比较研究,分析两种不同城市形态下工业建筑遗产保护与发展的经验与问题,探讨对工业遗产廊道进行“活化”利用的不同路径,为未来中国主要城市的工业遗产再利用提供更具操作性和推广性的经验。
[Abstract]:This paper belongs to the special research on building type in the field of protection and reuse of industrial architectural heritage. The main body of the study is the old industrial buildings which appear in the process of urban development and renewal. The purpose of the research is to find out the suitable for China's national conditions. In accordance with the law of economic development, and in harmony with the context of urban development in the post-industrial era, the sustainable development of industrial architectural heritage protection and reuse approaches are systematically analyzed in the process of protection and transformation strategies and methods. At present, the overall state of Chinese cities is still in the middle stage of industrialization, but some major cities with relatively fast economic development are undergoing fundamental changes in social structure under the impact of the urban renewal process. Has gradually entered the post-industrial era. In the course of this transformation, how to make more industrial architectural heritage properly protected and reused, and how to preserve the imprint of urban development and continue the context of urban development, This has become an important and urgent research topic in the cause of heritage protection in China. In particular, with the renovation and renewal of the old city, the significance and value of the protection and reuse of industrial buildings have not yet formed a general consensus, although a large number of practical projects and operational experience have been accumulated. However, there is still a lack of a complete theoretical system to guide it. On the basis of the data statistics and systematic comparison of the relevant experiences of foreign countries, the thesis takes the development of the industrial age as the background and the comprehensive theory of architecture, environment and culture as the support. From the point of view of the comprehensive value system of industrial architectural heritage, this paper analyzes systematically the problems and gaps existing in the reality of industrial architectural heritage in China through the comparison and study of theoretical development and practical projects at home and abroad. At the same time, from the aspects of adjustment and optimization of urban functions, adjustment and replacement of building functions, participation and balance of comprehensive benefit factors, the basic principles of protection and reuse of industrial architectural heritage are expounded. At the same time, a complete implementable industrial heritage evaluation system and related mechanisms of census, positioning and management are constructed. This paper discusses the reuse mode of industrial architectural heritage. This paper analyzes the implementing strategies of reuse from five aspects: the characteristics of industrial buildings, the interior and exterior space of buildings, and the emotional compensation in the process of artistic reengineering and reuse of old industrial components. By means of various technical means and supported by practical transformation cases, a comprehensive and systematic transformation design method is constructed from two aspects of theory and practice. Based on the attributes of the post-industrial era, this paper expounds the influence of different guiding factors on the direction and result of the transformation from the different core values and reuse orientation of the industrial architectural heritage in the form of practical cases. At the end of the paper, two cities with different regions and different historical backgrounds, Tianjin and Taipei, are taken as the research targets, and two different industrial heritage corridors along the river and railway in the city are taken as the objects of comparative study. This paper analyzes the experiences and problems in the protection and development of industrial architectural heritage under two different forms of cities, and probes into different ways of "activating" utilization of industrial heritage corridors. To provide a more operational and replicable experience for the future industrial heritage reuse of major cities in China.
【学位授予单位】:天津大学
【学位级别】:博士
【学位授予年份】:2015
【分类号】:TU-87;TU984.114


本文编号:2408057


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