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湘西自治州农业产业结构优化研究

发布时间:2019-01-10 14:32  文章来源:笔耕文化传播
【摘要】:多年来,在市场经济的要求下,农业产业结构不断优化调整,并得到了显著成效,种植业比重持续下降,畜牧业比重持续上升,但这些努力还是不够的。在新时代经济的要求下,农业也迎来了一段追求高质量、高效益的新时期。湘西自治州属于落后地区,农业产业结构长期以来都不合理,区域化程度低,产业化水平低,地方特色农业未能充分发挥,作为国家西部大开发和扶贫开发重点地区,农业产业结构的优化调整已迫在眉睫。在国家支持武陵山片区区域经济发展和扶贫攻坚的机遇下,湘西州更应适应形势变化,跟上农业产业优化升级的脚步。 本文以湘西自治州农业产业结构问题为研究对象,综合运用了比较优势理论、产业结构优化理论和农业可持续发展理论,通过对湘西自治州的历史、现状和优劣势的阐述和统计,采用了建立比较优势指标对湘西自治州农业产业结构问题进行分析和研究,并着重把握湘西自治州在新形势下的农业产业结构优化过程中遇到的主要问题,进而明确应当采取的具体措施。 文章总共有五个章节,,第一章节是绪论,主要阐述了本文的选题背景及研究意义、国内外研究现状,介绍了研究方案和主要创新点;第二个部分是农业产业结构相关的概念及湘西州农业产业结构发展状况的分析,主要阐述了产业结构、农业产业结构和农业产业结构优化的内涵和特点及通过大量的数据对湘西自治州农业产业结构发展的状况进行分析,并指出其发展的优劣势;第三个部分通过对湘西州主要农产品进行综合比较优势分析,找出当前农业产业结构优化所存在的主要问题;第四个部分是阐述了农业产业结构优化需要遵循的四个原则及针对存在问题提出的对策和建议;第五个部分是主要结论和研究展望。
[Abstract]:For many years, under the request of the market economy, the agricultural industrial structure has been optimized and adjusted continuously, and has got remarkable results, the proportion of planting industry has been decreasing continuously, the proportion of animal husbandry has been rising continuously, but these efforts are not enough. In the new era of economic requirements, agriculture also ushered in a period of pursuit of high-quality, high-efficiency of the new period. Xiangxi Autonomous Prefecture is a backward region with a long history of irrational agricultural industrial structure, low level of regionalization, low level of industrialization, and failure to give full play to agriculture with local characteristics. It is a key area for the large-scale development of the country's western region and the development of poverty alleviation. The optimization and adjustment of agricultural industrial structure is imminent. Under the opportunity of state support for regional economic development and poverty alleviation in Wulingshan region, Xiangxi prefecture should adapt to the changes of the situation and keep up with the steps of agricultural industry optimization and upgrading. In this paper, the agricultural industrial structure of Xiangxi Autonomous Prefecture as the research object, comprehensive use of comparative advantage theory, industrial structure optimization theory and agricultural sustainable development theory, through the history of Xiangxi Autonomous Prefecture, The present situation and advantages and disadvantages of the analysis and statistics, using the establishment of comparative advantage indicators to Xiangxi Autonomous Prefecture agricultural industrial structure analysis and research, The main problems encountered in the process of optimizing the agricultural industrial structure in Xiangxi Autonomous Prefecture under the new situation are emphatically grasped, and the concrete measures that should be taken are made clear. There are five chapters in the article. The first chapter is the introduction. It mainly expounds the background and significance of this paper, the current research situation at home and abroad, and introduces the research plan and main innovation points. The second part is the related concepts of agricultural industrial structure and the analysis of the development of agricultural industrial structure in Xiangxi, which mainly expounds the industrial structure. The connotation and characteristics of agricultural industrial structure and optimization of agricultural industrial structure, as well as the analysis of the development of agricultural industrial structure in Xiangxi Autonomous Prefecture through a large amount of data, and the advantages and disadvantages of its development are pointed out. The third part analyzes the comprehensive comparative advantage of the main agricultural products in Xiangxi and finds out the main problems existing in the optimization of the agricultural industrial structure. The fourth part expounds the four principles to be followed in the optimization of agricultural industrial structure and the countermeasures and suggestions for the existing problems. The fifth part is the main conclusions and research prospects.
【学位授予单位】:吉首大学
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2014
【分类号】:F327

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