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全球生产网络中的中国对湄公河五国直接投资研究

发布时间:2018-06-13 18:45  文章来源:笔耕文化传播

  本文选题:全球生产网络 + 澜湄合作 ; 参考:《外交学院》2017年硕士论文


【摘要】:随着经济全球化的不断推进,国际分工格局从产业间分工为主日益转向产品内分工。而东亚作为全球经济增长最迅速的区域之一,不同规模和层次的区域合作日益推进。中国更是在全球生产网络中积极开展对柬埔寨、老挝、缅甸、泰国、越南(以下简称“湄公河五国”)的直接投资。本文从全球化背景下的国际分工现状和东亚地区生产网络呈现出的新特点出发,研究了中国和湄公河五国在全球的贸易地位和产业发展状况,分析了他们各自在全球生产网络中所处的地位。进一步对中国对湄公河五国的投资规模、产业选择和影响因素进行理论和实证分析,探讨了中国对湄公河五国直接投资中存在的问题,并在此基础上提出了相关的政策建议。本文得出的结论如下:第一,中国在全球生产网络中扮演“世界工厂”的角色,中国对外贸易结构以制成品的进出口为主,并且中国的制成品在世界贸易中具有较强的国际竞争力,具体而言,中国对外贸易产品的竞争力主要集中在服装、纺织品等中低技术含量的制成品。第二,总体上看,湄公河五国的对外贸易结构以制成品的进出口为主,但各国有所差异。湄公河国家仍处于初级产品——制成品的南北分工体系中,在当前以制成品价值链分工为主的全球生产网络中处于边缘化的地位,其参与国际分工的形式仍以传统的产业间分工为主。第三,随着中国制造业中的劳动密集型产业由比较优势向比较劣势转化,中国向劳动力成本更低的湄公河国家转移劳动密集型产业成为经济进一步发展的需要。并且,中国制造业现有的低技术和高技术行业所形成的多层次生产技术,符合湄公河国家经济发展的多层次需求。第四,中国对湄公河五国的直接投资存在产业分布过于集中,易受到东道国法律法规欠缺、政治文化冲突的不利影响,以及缺乏对环境的保护意识等问题。第五,中国到湄公河国家进行直接投资在产业选择上应注意与各国需求相符。中国企业在“走出去”的时候,要补充更多“走出去”相关的知识,学习并遵守湄公河各国的法律法规,避免同质竞争、恶性竞争。
[Abstract]:With the development of economic globalization, the pattern of international division of labor is changing from inter-industry division of labor to intra-product division of labor. As one of the fastest growing regions in the world, the regional cooperation of different scales and levels is advancing day by day in East Asia. China is also actively engaged in direct investment in Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam in global production networks. Based on the present situation of international division of labor in the context of globalization and the new characteristics of the production network in East Asia, this paper studies the trade status and industrial development of China and the Mekong five countries in the world. Their respective positions in the global production network are analyzed. Furthermore, the paper makes a theoretical and empirical analysis of the scale of Chinese investment in the Mekong five countries, industrial selection and influencing factors, probes into the problems existing in China's direct investment in the Mekong five countries, and puts forward relevant policy recommendations on this basis. The conclusions of this paper are as follows: first, China plays the role of "world factory" in the global production network, and China's foreign trade structure is dominated by the import and export of manufactured goods. Moreover, China's manufactured goods have strong international competitiveness in world trade. In particular, the competitiveness of China's foreign trade products is mainly concentrated in low and medium technology manufactured goods such as clothing and textiles. Secondly, in general, the foreign trade structure of the Mekong five countries is mainly the import and export of manufactured goods, but there are some differences among different countries. The Mekong countries are still in the North-South division of primary product-manufactured goods and are marginalized in the current global production network, which is dominated by the division of manufactured goods value chains. Its participation in the international division of labor is still based on the traditional division of labor between industries. Third, with the transition of labor-intensive industries from comparative advantage to comparative disadvantage in Chinese manufacturing industry, the transfer of labor-intensive industries to Mekong countries with lower labor costs has become the need of further economic development. Moreover, the existing low-technology and high-tech industries in china's manufacturing industry have formed multi-level production technologies that meet the multi-level needs of the Mekong countries' economic development. Fourth, China's direct investment in the Mekong five countries has some problems, such as the concentration of industries, the lack of laws and regulations of the host country, the negative impact of political and cultural conflicts, and the lack of awareness of environmental protection. Fifth, China's direct investment in Mekong countries should be in line with the needs of various countries in industrial choice. When "going out", Chinese enterprises should add more knowledge about "going out", study and abide by the laws and regulations of the Mekong countries, and avoid homogenous and vicious competition.
【学位授予单位】:外交学院
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2017
【分类号】:F125

【参考文献】

相关期刊论文 前10条

1 周雪春;;中国对泰国直接投资行业分布研究[J];东南亚纵横;2016年05期

2 吴崇伯;;“一带一路”框架下中国与东盟产能合作研究[J];南洋问题研究;2016年03期

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5 宋涛;;中国对缅甸直接投资的发展特征及趋势研究[J];世界地理研究;2016年04期

6 卢进勇;杨杰;郭凌威;;中国在全球生产网络中的角色变迁研究[J];国际贸易问题;2016年07期

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