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青州市社会保障公共服务的差异化问题分析

发布时间:2019-01-12 13:14  文章来源:笔耕文化传播
【摘要】:社会保障属于国家的一项最根本的社会制度,其发展受政治经济和历史等各种因素的制约。伴随着国家经济形势呈现出愈来愈好的发展局面,,社会保障事业也进入了高速发展时期,社会保障运行机制基本建立。由于各种原因,我国的社会保障制度发展不平衡,与社会主义市场经济的发展要求不相适应,尤其是二元化的城乡社会保障制度加剧了城市和农村之间的差距,这极大地背离了国家社会保障的平等性初衷,也容易引起部分地区民众的心理失衡,从而阻碍了国家和谐进程的步伐。 在遵循中央统筹推进城乡社会保障体系建设和全面建成社会保障体系指导思想下,本文以山东东部城市青州为例,着重分析了青州社会保障公共服务的差异化问题,主要概述当前社会保障和公共服务的现状,由于青州市财政体制运行过程中城乡差异较大,规范性转移支付覆盖范围小,配置效率不高以及政府对城乡社会保障支持力度差距明显从而加剧了青州城乡之间的经济发展差距,进一步强化了城乡两个阶层之间的对立,严重影响和谐社会的建构,从而分析如何进一步缩小城乡差距,建立健全社会保障体系深层次分析问题背后的原因,提出建立最低生活保障制度、新型农村合作医疗制度、规划农民基本养老保险制度、重视失地农民的社会保障问题、完善农村社会救济救助五项制度完善城乡一体化保障体系,以改革城乡二元社会保障制度的对策与建议。 本文的结论认为:青州市建立了比较健全的社会保障制度,基本能满足城镇居民需求,而农村社会保障作为我国整个社会保障体系建设的核心与重点发展相对缓慢,与城市社会保障制度差异明显,在全面分析不断拉大城乡社会保障因素的前提下,着力从公共服务一体化、资金投入和支出结构、相关政策加强等加强建设是不断缩小青州市城乡二元社会保障制度差异的主要途径。
[Abstract]:Social security belongs to one of the most fundamental social systems of the country, and its development is restricted by various factors, such as politics, economy and history. With the national economic situation showing a better and better development situation, the social security industry has entered a period of rapid development, the basic establishment of social security operating mechanism. For various reasons, the development of social security system in our country is unbalanced, which does not meet the requirements of the development of socialist market economy, especially the dualistic social security system between urban and rural areas has aggravated the gap between cities and rural areas. This greatly deviates from the original intention of equality of national social security, and easily leads to the psychological imbalance of the people in some areas, thus hindering the pace of the process of national harmony. Under the guiding ideology of the central government to promote the construction of urban and rural social security system as a whole and to build a comprehensive social security system, this paper, taking the eastern Shandong city of Qingzhou as an example, focuses on the analysis of the differentiation of social security public services in Qingzhou. This paper mainly summarizes the current situation of social security and public services. Due to the large differences between urban and rural areas in the operation of the fiscal system in Qingzhou, the scope of normative transfer payment is small. The low efficiency of allocation and the gap of social security support between urban and rural areas have aggravated the gap of economic development between urban and rural areas, further strengthened the antagonism between urban and rural strata, and seriously affected the construction of a harmonious society. Then it analyzes how to further narrow the gap between urban and rural areas, establishes and perfects the social security system, and puts forward the establishment of the minimum living security system, the new rural cooperative medical system, and the planning of the basic old-age insurance system for farmers. Paying attention to the problem of social security for landless farmers, perfecting the five systems of rural social relief and assistance and perfecting the security system of integration of urban and rural areas, in order to reform the dual social security system of urban and rural countermeasures and suggestions. The conclusion of this paper is as follows: Qingzhou City has established a relatively sound social security system, which can basically meet the needs of urban residents, while rural social security, as the core and key point of the construction of the whole social security system in China, develops relatively slowly. Under the premise of analyzing the factors of social security in urban and rural areas, we should focus on the integration of public services, investment and expenditure structure of urban and rural areas in the light of the obvious differences between the urban social security system and the urban social security system. Strengthening relevant policies is the main way to reduce the difference between urban and rural dual social security system in Qingzhou.
【学位授予单位】:西北农林科技大学
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2014
【分类号】:D632.1

【参考文献】

相关期刊论文 前2条

1 黄志冲;农村公共产品供给机制创新的经济学研究[J];中国农村观察;2000年06期

2 中国行政管理学会课题组;加快我国社会管理和公共服务改革的研究报告[J];中国行政管理;2005年02期



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