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新疆就业与经济增长关系的研究

发布时间:2019-01-12 20:58  文章来源:笔耕文化传播
【摘要】:自改革开放以来,新疆乘全国经济增长的东风,实现了经济的快速增长。然而,高经济增长并没有带动高就业增长,高的经济增长并没有使失业率得到明显的改善。“高经济增长-低就业增长”现象成为新疆经济社会的一道景观,影响着新疆经济发展的质量、并制约着经济的后续发展。本文以新疆的经验统计数据为基础,运用规范分析与实证分析相结合的方法,考察了新疆就业增长与经济增长不一致的经济社会现象,找出了原因,并提出了相关政策性建议。 本文结论认为,不同的经济发展模式对就业推动作用差异很大,劳动密集型经济模式吸纳就业能力较强,资本密集型模式吸纳就业能力较弱。过度依靠资本密集型国有投资的发展模式使新疆经济快速增长的同时,扭曲了经济结构和就业结构,并严重制约了经济增长对就业的吸纳能力。而走出“高增长-低就业”困境的途径是:转变经济发展模式,调整经济产业结构,提高非公有制经济的比重,不断推进改革、推进市场化进程,大力发展能吸纳较多劳动力就业的中小民营经济,以提高整体就业水平。同时经济产业政策、发展战略要兼顾就业目标。就业增长与经济增长之间需要建立有效的传导机制,,以保持两者之间产生良性互动。
[Abstract]:Since the reform and opening up, Xinjiang has taken advantage of the national economic growth to achieve rapid economic growth. However, high economic growth has not led to high employment growth, and high economic growth has not led to a significant improvement in the unemployment rate. The phenomenon of "high economic growth-low employment growth" has become a landscape of Xinjiang's economy and society, which affects the quality of Xinjiang's economic development and restricts its subsequent development. Based on the empirical statistical data of Xinjiang, this paper investigates the economic and social phenomena of the inconsistency between employment growth and economic growth in Xinjiang by means of normative analysis and empirical analysis, finds out the causes, and puts forward some relevant policy suggestions. The conclusion of this paper is that the different economic development models have great difference in promoting employment, the labor-intensive economic model has a strong ability to absorb employment, and the capital-intensive model has a weak ability to absorb employment. The development model of excessive reliance on capital-intensive state-owned investment makes Xinjiang's economy grow rapidly, at the same time, it distorts the economic structure and employment structure, and seriously restricts the ability of economic growth to absorb employment. The way out of the dilemma of "high growth and low employment" is to change the economic development model, adjust the industrial structure of the economy, increase the proportion of the non-public sector of the economy, continuously promote reform, and promote the process of marketization. To develop the small and medium-sized private economy which can absorb more labor force to improve the overall employment level. At the same time, economic and industrial policies, development strategies to give consideration to employment objectives. It is necessary to establish an effective transmission mechanism between employment growth and economic growth in order to keep the positive interaction between the two.
【学位授予单位】:新疆财经大学
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2013
【分类号】:F249.27;F127

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