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岭南传统庭园门窗的特色及承传研究

发布时间:2019-05-16 06:29
【摘要】:岭南传统庭园的门窗多种多样,加上岭南地区的手工工艺发达和地区文化特性比较突出,使其地域性更加明显。经过漫长的营造经验积累,庭园门窗逐渐成为一门独立的建造艺术,在近代逐渐达到成熟、稳定。随着经济发展和社会演变,传统庭园门窗作为极具价值的建筑文化遗产得到重视,同时也作为文化消费的一个方面以不同的方式进行承传与发展,摆在面前的是应怎样承传,承传什么的问题。本文以岭南的地理条件、人文特征以及造园历程为背景,以传统庭园门窗的外观特征及整体功能出发,,剖析了在特定区域的社会因素和经济条件影响下,岭南传统庭园门窗的工艺、构造和材料应用,并对其所有样式的各自特点、功能、优缺点进行分析,总结、归纳出岭南传统庭园门窗的几个主要特色,基于这些特色并结合现代庭园的门窗应用实例,作出了岭南传统庭园门窗承传的探讨。 本文分为特色和承传两大部分内容: 特色部分,包括本文第二章至第四章。其中第二章为岭南传统庭园门窗的概述,主要从产生背景、整体的外观特点和功能三个方面出发,以宏观的角度阐述传统庭园门窗的总体特征。接着本文的第三、四章分别从工艺构造、材料以及类型这几方面论述岭南传统庭园门窗的特色:第三章从门窗中的木作工艺、玻璃工艺及其五金构件论述整个工艺制作过程,当中对工艺所使用的工具、材料、门窗的基本构造、各组成部分的制作以及整个工序作了详细的研究。第四章主要对庭园门窗的各种类型及其各自的功能特性进行归纳与梳理,把每种类型的门和窗分别从特点、功能、常用设置方式和优缺点等方面进行深入的分析。 承传部分,为本文的第五章,分为两大节,主要从工艺的承传以及类型的现代应用两方面来论述岭南传统庭园门窗在现今的应用情况:在第一节工艺的承传中,从工具、材料以及匠师三方面对木雕工艺以及蚀刻玻璃工艺的承传情况作出分析,第二节结合实例,包括北园酒家、宝墨园、新清晖园和可园新馆四个现代庭园的门窗应用情况,指出传统庭园门窗在现今承传中的出现问题,并在最后对岭南传统庭园门窗的承传作出了探讨。 本文的研究建立在多次深入的实地调研、对岭南各地的传统庭园门窗进行观察、测绘,并在施工现场的对工匠进行了访谈,以及对相关文献资料的系统整理分析之下完成。希望通过研究更准确地认识岭南传统庭园门窗的特色,以及为其今后的承传提出可行的建议。
[Abstract]:The doors and windows of Lingnan traditional garden are various, in addition, the handicraft in Lingnan area is developed and the regional cultural characteristics are more prominent, which makes its regional property more obvious. After a long accumulation of construction experience, garden doors and windows have gradually become an independent construction art, gradually reaching maturity and stability in modern times. With the economic development and social evolution, traditional garden doors and windows, as a valuable architectural cultural heritage, have been attached importance to, but also as an aspect of cultural consumption in different ways for transmission and development, in front of us is how to inherit. The question of what to pass on. Based on the geographical conditions, humanistic characteristics and landscaping process of Lingnan, and based on the appearance characteristics and overall functions of traditional garden doors and windows, this paper analyzes the influence of social factors and economic conditions in specific areas. The technology, structure and material application of Lingnan traditional garden doors and windows are analyzed, and the characteristics, functions, advantages and disadvantages of all styles are analyzed, and several main characteristics of Lingnan traditional garden doors and windows are summarized. Based on these characteristics and the application examples of doors and windows in modern gardens, the inheritance of doors and windows in Lingnan traditional gardens is discussed. This paper is divided into two parts: characteristics and inheritance: the characteristic part, including the second chapter to the fourth chapter of this paper. The second chapter is an overview of Lingnan traditional garden doors and windows, mainly from the background, the overall appearance characteristics and functions of the three aspects, from a macro point of view to explain the overall characteristics of traditional garden doors and windows. Then the third and fourth chapters of this paper discuss the characteristics of Lingnan traditional garden doors and windows from the aspects of process structure, materials and types. The third chapter discusses the whole process of making doors and windows, glass technology and its hardware components. The tools, materials, basic structure of doors and windows, the manufacture of each component and the whole process are studied in detail. The fourth chapter mainly summarizes and combs the various types of garden doors and windows and their respective functional characteristics, and makes a deep analysis of each type of doors and windows from the aspects of characteristics, functions, common setting methods, advantages and disadvantages, and so on. The inheritance part, which is the fifth chapter of this paper, is divided into two sections, mainly from the process inheritance and the type of modern application to discuss the application of Lingnan traditional garden doors and windows in the present situation: in the first section of the process inheritance, from the tools, The materials and craftsmen analyze the inheritance of wood carving technology and etched glass technology from three aspects. The second section combines with examples, including the application of doors and windows of the four modern gardens of Beiyuan Restaurant, Baomo Garden, Xinqinghui Garden and Ke Yuan New Garden. This paper points out the problems in the inheritance of traditional garden doors and windows, and finally probes into the inheritance of Lingnan traditional garden doors and windows. The research in this paper is based on many in-depth field investigation, observation and mapping of the traditional garden doors and windows in Lingnan, and interviews with craftsmen at the construction site, as well as the systematic collation and analysis of the relevant literature. It is hoped that through the study, we can more accurately understand the characteristics of Lingnan traditional garden doors and windows, and put forward some feasible suggestions for its future inheritance.
【学位授予单位】:广州大学
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2013
【分类号】:TU986.58

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