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南部侗族传统文化特点研究

发布时间:2019-01-05 03:26
【摘要】:南部侗族,指侗族聚居区域内自贵州锦屏县清水江以南,使用侗语南部方言的支系。由于汉文化对北部侗族地区的涵化程度较深,当地的文化变迁步伐较快,侗族南部方言区与北部方言区、南部支系与北部支系之间,除了语言因素外,还存在着更多的社会和文化层面上的明显差异,形成两个局部区域文化系统,导致两地的文化习俗、文化景观、文学艺术的表现形式等,各具地域性风格和特色。侗族传统文化之特色或说是侗族的原生文化生态系统,比较完整地保存在南部区域。二十世纪中叶以前,南部侗族的众多村寨,还保留着一些典型的民族传统文化景观,民族节日、风俗习惯、社会初级组织、习惯法、生活方式、思维方式、民族心理、价值观念也没有发生多少变异。特别是以鼓楼、花桥和侗族大歌为代表的那些极具民族文化标识性和个性色彩的原生文化内容,在南部侗族传统文化体系中比较完整地传承和延续了下来,构成南部侗族传统文化的主要内涵,其中蕴藏着的一些主要特点,也大体上反映出或代表着侗族传统文化的主要特质。 本文秉承文化多元并存理念和文化价值相对性的立场,主要采取实事求是的实证分析方法,以翔实、客观的民族学材料为依据,对南部侗族传统文化几个方面的内涵展开分析和阐述。在把握文化主体生存的自然生态环境前提下,以中华民族多元一体发展、人类社会基本演进轨迹为参照系统,对侗文化与汉文化和苗文化、南部侗文化与北部侗文化进行异同比较,具体剖析南部侗族传统文化的原生的、历史的形态及其主要特点和特点形成的原因。 论文内容可概括为三个部分。第一部分,着重从“历时性”的角度,多视角地审视侗族族源、民族形成问题以及南部、北部区域文化的差异;第二部分,则从“共时性”的角度,论述了南部侗族传统文化的文化属性特点(文化风格)、与他民族传统文化比较后形成的整体性文化特征,两者的表现形式及其成因;第三部分,运用“历时性”与“共时性”相结合的方法,就南部侗族经济文化类型、丰富内涵和稻作农耕文化样式的个性特点进行逐层探讨。就制度文化中的“补腊”制度及其功能和特点,“合款”组织、侗款制度的功能和特点,“款约”习惯法的内容和特点展开专题性思考。就传统思维方式的结构、特征、功能,传统文化所蕴藏的民族意识和文化心理的具体内涵、特征进行分析与阐释。就南部侗族鼓楼建筑特点和价值,鼓楼文化的象征内容、隐喻意义及其认同仪式,提出了个人见解。
[Abstract]:The Dong nationality in the south of Qingshuijiang in Jinping County, Guizhou Province, is a branch of the southern dialect of Dong language. Due to the deep acculturation of the Han culture to the Dong nationality area in the north, the local culture changes rapidly. Besides the linguistic factors, the southern dialect area and the northern dialect area, the southern branch and the northern branch of Dong nationality, There are also more obvious differences in social and cultural levels, forming two local regional cultural systems, resulting in cultural customs, cultural landscape, forms of expression of literature and art, each with regional style and characteristics. The traditional culture of Dong nationality is characterized by its original culture ecosystem, which is completely preserved in the southern region. Before the middle of the twentieth century, many villages of the Dong nationality in the south still retained some typical traditional cultural landscapes, national festivals, customs and habits, primary social organizations, customary law, way of life, way of thinking, and national psychology. Nor has there been much variation in values. In particular, the original cultural contents, which are represented by the drum towers, flower bridges and Dong nationality songs, have been inherited and continued relatively completely in the traditional cultural system of the Dong nationality in the south. The main connotations of the traditional culture of Dong nationality in the south of China contain some main characteristics which also reflect or represent the main characteristics of the traditional culture of Dong nationality in general. Based on the concept of coexistence of cultural diversity and the relativity of cultural value, this paper mainly adopts the empirical analysis method of seeking truth from facts, which is based on informative and objective ethnological materials. The connotation of the traditional culture of Dong nationality in the south is analyzed and expounded. On the premise of grasping the natural ecological environment in which the cultural subject survives, taking the pluralistic development of the Chinese nation and the basic evolution of human society as the reference system, the Dong culture, the Han culture and the Miao culture are studied. This paper makes a comparison between the Dong culture in the south and the Dong culture in the north, and concretely analyzes the primary and historical forms of the traditional culture of the Dong nationality in the south, and the main characteristics and the reasons for the formation of the characteristics. The content of the thesis can be summarized into three parts. The first part focuses on the "diachronic" angle of view to examine the origin of the Dong nationality, the formation of ethnic groups and the cultural differences in the southern and northern regions. The second part, from the perspective of "synchronic", discusses the cultural characteristics (cultural style) of the traditional culture of Dong nationality in the south, the overall cultural characteristics formed after the comparison with the traditional culture of other nationalities, their forms of expression and their causes of formation; The third part, using the method of diachronic and synchronic, discusses the economic and cultural types of Dong nationality in the south, the rich connotation and the individual characteristics of rice farming culture style. This paper focuses on the system of "replenishing wax" in institutional culture, its functions and characteristics, the organization of "joint funds", the functions and characteristics of Dong's system, and the contents and characteristics of customary law. This paper analyzes and explains the structure, characteristics and functions of the traditional mode of thinking, as well as the specific connotation and characteristics of the national consciousness and cultural psychology contained in the traditional culture. Based on the characteristics and values of the Drum Tower in the south, the symbolic content, metaphorical meaning and identification ceremony of the Drum Tower culture, this paper puts forward some personal opinions.
【学位授予单位】:兰州大学
【学位级别】:博士
【学位授予年份】:2006
【分类号】:C955;G122

【引证文献】

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相关博士学位论文 前1条

1 高法成;孝与养的失衡[D];中央民族大学;2011年

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2 袁文敬;信息技术支持的中小学侗歌教育研究[D];西南大学;2011年

3 赵建霞;侗族大歌浸润下的儿童成长场域研究[D];广西师范大学;2011年

4 王方奇;“和”:侗族节日文化的审美理想[D];贵州大学;2007年

5 陈琳;文化视野下民族地区女教师的生活状况研究[D];广西师范大学;2008年

6 陈立莉;少数民族文化旅游分离式开发模式探究[D];北京第二外国语学院;2008年

7 黄守斌;侗戏“柔性之维”的审美研究[D];贵州大学;2008年

8 蒋馨岚;侗族建筑文化遗产研究[D];华中师范大学;2009年

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