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从批判旧家庭到走出小家庭——中国早期马克思主义者的家庭观

发布时间:2018-06-08 23:36  文章来源:笔耕文化传播

  本文选题:中国早期马克思主义者 + 家庭观 ; 参考:《学术月刊》2017年06期


【摘要】:在新文化运动中,家庭问题成为了一个引人关注的大问题,受到了广泛和热烈的讨论。中国早期马克思主义者对家庭问题作出了新的思考与探讨,由此形成了一派有影响力的家庭观。他们的家庭观主要围绕四个相关问题展开,并产生了四位代表性人物:(一)以唯物史观揭示家庭制度的经济基础,说明家庭制度形成与变化的根本原因,李大钊是其代表性人物;(二)以女性问题作为解决家庭问题的切入口,说明只有社会主义才是解决家庭问题的正确道路,陈独秀是其代表性人物;(三)从人类学古史研究维度探讨家庭史脉络,说明家庭演变与社会变迁的内在联系及其前景,蔡和森是其代表性人物;(四)从女性社会运动维度阐发新女性观和新家庭观,以改造中国和妇女解放来解决家庭问题,向警予是其代表性人物。这四个问题在内容上有着内在的逻辑联系,形成了由批判旧家庭到走出小家庭的基本走向,而以马克思主义的唯物史观和社会主义为主轴线贯穿其中。今天反思这一派家庭观,可以看到其中既有合理的内核,也有不足的地方。
[Abstract]:In the New Culture Movement, family issues have become a major concern and have been widely and enthusiastically discussed. Chinese early Marxists made a new thinking and discussion on family problems, which formed an influential family view. Their view of family mainly revolves around four related issues, and produces four representative figures: (1) to reveal the economic foundation of family system with historical materialism, and to explain the fundamental reasons for the formation and change of family system. Li Dazhao is the representative figure of Li (2) taking the female problem as the entrance to solve the family problem, which shows that only socialism is the right way to solve the family problem. Chen Duxiu is his representative figure (3) discussing the family history from the perspective of anthropological ancient history, explaining the internal relationship between family evolution and social change and its prospect. Cai Hesen is his representative figure (4) expounding the new view of women and new view of family from the dimension of women's social movement in order to reform China and women's liberation to solve family problems. Xiang Jingyu is its representative figure. These four problems have internal logical connection in content and form the basic trend from criticizing the old family to walking out of the small family. The main axis of Marxism historical materialism and socialism runs through it. Today, reflecting on this school of family view, we can see that there are both reasonable core and shortcomings.
【作者单位】: 武汉大学哲学学院;
【分类号】:D231

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