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侦查假设与可能世界理论

发布时间:2018-09-14 20:40  文章来源:笔耕文化传播
【摘要】:侦查逻辑理论在当代逻辑学、侦查学等学科研究中占有重要的地位,侦查假设理论作为侦查逻辑的重要组成部分,自然成为逻辑学界、侦查学界论述的重点。相关作品虽然不少,但大多数却流于就事论事,对侦查假设理论依据的探讨却是很少见。本文中,笔者尝试在探讨侦查假设理论依据的基础上,构建一个完整的动态意义上的侦查假设的运行模式,以期对该理论的研究有所推动。 本文立足于两个基本观点:(1)必须从狭义和广义两个层面来理解侦查假设。狭义上的侦查假设是对侦查中需要查明问题的推测性解释;广义上的侦查假设则是由假设提出、假设推演、假设验证构成的有机系统。(2)侦查假设与可能世界理论存在着密切关系,即可能世界理论为侦查假设提供了理论依据。在构建侦查假设系统——即假设提出、假设推演,假设验证过程中,应该严格遵循可能世界理论的相关要求,唯有如此,才能构建科学合理的侦查假设系统,从而指导侦查工作顺利进行。 本文除了导言外,还有三个部分。 导言部分介绍了侦查假设对于侦查工作的重要性和国内研究的概况,提出了本文的主要框架。 第一部分:侦查假设的程序模式分析 首先在批判分析学界关于侦查假设定义的基础上,笔者提出应该从狭义与广义两个层面上来理解侦查假设。从狭义上来分析,,侦查假设是侦查人员根据所掌握的案件事实或准案件事实,结合一定的背景知识,运用一定的思维方式和思维方法,对事实所反映出来的需要查明的问题所作出的推测性解释;从广义上来分析,侦查假设是由假设提出、假设推演、假设验证构成的动态系统。紧接着着重分析了侦查假设相对于一般科学假说的特殊性。其次,对侦查假设的程序模式进行分析。重点在于:(1)从逻辑上提出科学合理的侦查假设的方法要求——演绎法与非演绎法;(2)验证侦查假设的不同情形:否定侦查假设、肯定侦查假设、侦查假设的辩证发展。 第二部分:可能世界理论 这部分以莱布尼茨的可能世界理论作为论述对象。分别论述了可能世
[Abstract]:The theory of investigation logic plays an important role in the study of modern logic, investigation science and other disciplines. As an important part of investigation logic, the theory of investigation hypothesis has naturally become the focus of discussion in the field of logic and investigation. Although there are a lot of related works, most of them focus on the subject matter, and the theoretical basis of investigation hypothesis is rare. In this paper, the author tries to explore the theoretical basis of investigation hypothesis, and build a complete dynamic investigation hypothesis of the operation model, in order to promote the study of the theory. This paper is based on two basic viewpoints: (1) the investigation hypothesis must be understood from the narrow sense and the broad sense. In a narrow sense, the investigation hypothesis is a conjectural interpretation of the problem that needs to be identified in the investigation, while in a broad sense, the investigation hypothesis is put forward by the hypothesis, which is deduced from the hypothesis. (2) the hypothesis of investigation is closely related to the theory of the possible world, that is, the theory of the possible world provides the theoretical basis for the hypothesis of investigation. In the process of constructing the investigation hypothesis system, that is, the hypothesis is put forward, the hypothesis deduction, and the hypothesis verification, we should strictly follow the relevant requirements of the possible world theory. Only in this way, can we construct a scientific and reasonable investigation hypothesis system. In order to guide the investigation work smoothly. In addition to the introduction, there are three parts in this paper. The introduction introduces the importance of the investigation hypothesis to the investigation work and the general situation of the domestic research, and puts forward the main frame of this paper. The first part: the analysis of the procedural model of the investigation hypothesis is based on the definition of the investigation hypothesis in the critical analysis field. The author suggests that the investigation hypothesis should be understood from two aspects: narrow sense and broad sense. In a narrow sense, the investigation hypothesis is that investigators use a certain mode of thinking and thinking method according to the facts of the case or the quasi-case facts that they have mastered, combined with certain background knowledge. In a broad sense, the investigation hypothesis is a dynamic system composed of hypotheses, and hypotheses. Then it analyzes the particularity of the investigation hypothesis relative to the general scientific hypothesis. Secondly, the procedure model of investigation hypothesis is analyzed. The key points are as follows: (1) the logical method of scientific and reasonable investigation hypothesis is required-deductive method and non-deductive method; (2) the different situations of verifying investigation hypothesis: negating investigation hypothesis, affirming investigation hypothesis, and dialectical development of investigation hypothesis. The second part: the theory of possible world this part takes Leibniz's theory of possible world as the object of discussion. The possible epoch is discussed separately.
【学位授予单位】:西南政法大学
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2006
【分类号】:D918

【引证文献】

相关硕士学位论文 前2条

1 朱建中;论检察机关内部侦查机制监督的完善[D];苏州大学;2008年

2 刘曼;侦查假设与归纳接受理论[D];西南政法大学;2009年



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    扩展阅读
    1. 侦查假设与可能世界理论
    2. 侦查假设与可能世界理论--《西南政法大学》2006年硕士论文
    3. 论侦查假设中的逻辑可能-手机知网
    4. 浅析莱布尼茨的“可能世界”理论-广东社会科学1990年01期-手机知网
    5. 论可能世界理论在侦查假设中的应用
    6. 【侦探必备知识】
    7. 演绎推理中可能性推理初探-青海社会科学1989年02期-手机知网
    8. 信息侦探 - 收藏夹 - 知乎


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