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论我国秘密侦查的法律规制

发布时间:2019-01-09 17:21  文章来源:笔耕文化传播
【摘要】:当今世界各国经济飞速发展,科学技术也在不断地进步,并且随着经济、科技、文化的交流与发展,各国的犯罪也呈现出新的特点,现代的犯罪呈现出了更具有组织性、更多的利用高新科学技术以及更具有隐秘性的特征。这些变化对侦破犯罪的方式提出了新的挑战:以往各国大多以公开侦查为主,而如今只依靠公开侦查已经不能及时有效的侦破现代新型案件,而且在面对具有新特点的犯罪时公开侦查可能会浪费更多的资源,但却得不到理想效果。为此,世界各国开始运用秘密的侦查方式来获取犯罪证据、打击犯罪,并且取得了很好的效果,我国也不例外,在侦破案件的过程中也采取了不同的秘密侦查手段。秘密侦查具有很大的隐秘性以及不同程度的侵权性,但是我国目前还没有从立法上对秘密侦查手段的适用主体、适用范围以及其他注意事项,进行严格的法律规定。这就导致了实践中秘密侦查手段使用的随意性;秘密侦查没有法律上的约束,造成对被侦查对象以及可能的无关第三人的权利的侵害;通过秘密侦查手段获取的证据之效力也存在着疑问;秘密侦查也因为立法上的缺陷不能得到有效以及合理的监督和制约。尽管如此,秘密侦查在实践中对侦破各种复杂案件以及疑难重大等案件具有着不可忽视的作用,能够有效的获取犯罪证据、打击新型犯罪,因此我国确实有必要对秘密侦查进行法律上的规定和制约。本文通过对比国外关于秘密侦查的先进立法情况,总结分析出适合我国的秘密侦查规制方式,并从秘密侦查的具体适用等情况进行具体的立法建议。
[Abstract]:With the rapid development of economy and science and technology in the world, and with the exchange and development of economy, science and technology and culture, the crime of various countries also presents new characteristics, and the modern crime presents a more organized nature. More use of high-tech and more secret features. These changes have posed a new challenge to the way in which crimes are detected: in the past, most countries focused on open investigation, but now they cannot solve modern and new cases in a timely and effective manner only by relying on open investigation. Moreover, in the face of new characteristics of crime, public investigation may waste more resources, but not ideal results. For this reason, countries all over the world began to use secret investigation methods to obtain criminal evidence and combat crime, and achieved good results, our country is no exception, in the process of detection of cases has also adopted different secret investigative techniques. Secret investigation has great privacy and different degrees of tort, but at present, there are no strict legal provisions on the subject, scope and other matters needing attention of secret investigation techniques in our country. This leads to the arbitrariness of the use of secret investigative techniques in practice, and there are no legal restrictions on secret investigation, which results in the infringement of the rights of the object under investigation and the rights of the third party which may have nothing to do with it. The validity of the evidence obtained by secret investigation means is also questionable, and the secret investigation can not be effectively and reasonably supervised and restricted because of the defects in legislation. Nevertheless, secret investigation plays an important role in solving various complicated cases and difficult cases in practice, and can effectively obtain criminal evidence and crack down on new types of crimes. Therefore, it is necessary for our country to carry on the legal regulation and the restriction to the secret investigation. By comparing the foreign advanced legislation on secret investigation, this paper summarizes and analyzes the regulation mode of secret investigation suitable for our country, and makes specific legislative suggestions from the concrete application of secret investigation.
【学位授予单位】:河北大学
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2011
【分类号】:D918

【引证文献】

相关期刊论文 前2条

1 高哲远;;侦查监督视野下技术侦查研究[J];河南警察学院学报;2012年06期

2 石玲;;对新刑诉中有关特殊侦查问题的思考[J];南方论刊;2013年02期

相关会议论文 前1条

1 黄福涛;高哲远;;侦查监督视野下技术侦查措施研究[A];第八届国家高级检察官论坛论文集:侦查程序的修改与检察工作应对[C];2012年



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