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内蒙古南宝力皋吐墓地动物遗存及相关问题研究

发布时间:2019-01-10 14:46  文章来源:笔耕文化传播
【摘要】:内蒙古南宝力皋吐遗址及墓地发现于20世纪90年代中后期。通过2006-2008三年的连续发掘,揭露了A、B、C、D四处地点。其中,A、B、C三处地点为墓地。该墓地是迄今为止内蒙古东部乃至整个东北地区发现规模最大、遗物最为丰富、文化面貌极其独特的一处新石器时代晚期墓地。本文主要对其中出土的动物骨骼遗存进行研究,并以骨、角、牙、蚌制品为主要研究对象。共出土动物骨骼标本995件,可判断为骨、角、牙、蚌制品及半成品的标本有888件,未经加工的动物骨骼标本仅有107件。整体来看,动物骨骼遗存的风化程度较高,且部分破损程度较高。可鉴定种属的标本为882件,仅可鉴定部位的标本为97件。本文除了作出基本的动物种属鉴定之外,还将重点放在各种骨、角、牙、蚌制品的观察与研究上,为进一步探究当时的自然环境、生业模式、手工业发展水平、生活习俗等问题提供更多的依据。论文主要分为六部分:第1章引言部分简要介绍南宝力皋吐墓地的地理位置、发掘经过、研究成果,以及本文的研究对象和研究内容。第2章通过对墓地内出土动物骨骼遗存的观察记录和统计学分析,介绍动物骨骼遗存的整体情况。包括动物种属、NISPs和MNIs等基本信息。第3章描述并鉴定墓地中出土的动物骨骼遗存,包括软体类、鸟类及哺乳类。对于每个种属的每种部位均选取较为典型的标本进行描述,同时列举出较为详细的测量数据,以供参考。第4章观察并研究动物骨骼表面因自然或人工作用形成的痕迹。因墓地在埋藏过程中的自身原因,标本的整体保存情况不佳。本章主要针对骨制品加工及使用过程中产生的痕迹进行论述。第5章此章是本文的重点研究部分。对蚌、骨、角、牙制品进行分类研究,从选料到成型过程进行了具体论述,并分析了典型制品的功能。同时,对于器物制作和使用过程中产生的相关问题进行探讨,并提供相关器物的照片及较为详细的测量数据以供参考。第6章针对南宝力皋吐墓地中出土的动物骨骼遗存相关问题进行探讨,主要包括四个问题:在动物骨骼制品上表现出的多元文化因素,动物骨骼遗存所反映出的随葬习俗及社会现象,体现出的生业模式信息及生态环境信息。第7章对上述研究结果进行汇总。主要总结了南宝力皋吐墓地内出土动物骨骼的基本情况,包括种属鉴定概况、动物遗存的保存状况、所反映出的生态环境及经济信息;骨骼表面痕迹分析;骨角牙蚌制品的分类、加工流程、使用方式以及所反映出的人类活动信息。
[Abstract]:Inner Mongolia Nanbaoligao ruins and cemeteries were found in the mid-1990 s. Through the three-year excavations in 2006-2008, the location of the Agna Bu CfU D was revealed. Three of the sites are cemeteries. The cemetery is a late Neolithic cemetery found in the eastern part of Inner Mongolia and even in the whole northeast of Inner Mongolia so far, with the most abundant relics and unique cultural features. This paper mainly studies the remains of animal bones unearthed, and takes bone, horn, tooth and mussel products as the main research objects. A total of 995 specimens of animal bones were unearthed. There were 888 specimens of bone, horn, teeth, mussel products and semi-finished products, and only 107 specimens of unprocessed animal bones. As a whole, the weathering degree of the remains of animal skeleton is higher, and the degree of partial damage is higher. There were 882 species identifiable specimens and 97 identifiable specimens. In addition to the basic identification of animal species, this paper also focuses on the observation and research of various bone, horn, tooth and mussel products, in order to further explore the natural environment, biological model, handicraft development level at that time. Life customs and other issues to provide more evidence. The thesis is divided into six parts: the first chapter introduces briefly the geographical location, excavation process, research results, research object and research content of Nanbaoligao Tomb. Chapter 2 introduces the whole situation of the remains of animal bones through the observation and statistical analysis of the remains of animals unearthed in the graveyard. Including animal species, NISPs and MNIs and other basic information. Chapter 3 describes and identifies skeletal remains of animals unearthed in cemeteries, including mollusks, birds and mammals. For each part of each species, typical specimens are selected to describe, and detailed measurement data are listed for reference. Chapter 4 observes and studies the trace of animal bone surface formed by natural or artificial action. Due to the burial process of the cemetery itself, the preservation of specimens as a whole is not good. This chapter mainly discusses the trace produced in the process of processing and using bone products. Chapter 5 this chapter is the key part of this paper. The classification of mussel, bone, angle and tooth was studied, and the function of typical product was analyzed. At the same time, the related problems in the process of making and using the objects are discussed, and the photos and detailed measurement data of the related objects are provided for reference. Chapter 6 discusses the related problems about the remains of animal bones unearthed in Nanbaoligao graveyard, mainly including four questions: the multicultural factors in animal skeletal products, The remains of animal bones reflect the customs and social phenomena of burial, the information of biological model and ecological environment. Chapter 7 summarizes the above research results. This paper summarizes the basic situation of animal bones unearthed in Nanbaoligao cemetery, including the general situation of species identification, the status of preservation of animal remains, the ecological environment and economic information reflected by them, and the analysis of bone surface traces. Classification, processing process, usage and human activity information of mussel products.
【学位授予单位】:吉林大学
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2016
【分类号】:K878.8

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