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拉姆伯特的自由逻辑思想初探

发布时间:2018-09-19 10:27  文章来源:笔耕文化传播
【摘要】:自由逻辑是在继承了逻辑哲学精神的基础上修改经典逻辑中“存在”假定后形成的新崛起的逻辑学新兴理论。自由逻辑的理论根源来自于古希腊的逻辑学基础,其源头可追溯到亚里士多德的《工具论》中的《范畴篇》,自由逻辑是现代形式逻辑的产物。卡尔·拉姆伯特是“自由逻辑”术语的创始人,拉姆伯特经过从20世纪60年代至今的自由逻辑学研究,使得其自由逻辑思想理论在整个逻辑哲学的发展历程中有着重要的意义也起到了承前启后的作用自由逻辑理论的总结和提炼推导出摹状词理论广泛应用的拉姆伯特定律,其作用是深刻的挖掘了逻辑学等哲学相关理论的研究,尤其是哲学视角下各学科的交叉理论的研究和发展。现代逻辑哲学的发展产生了诸多逻辑学的各种新兴分支,自由逻辑在此时迎来了发展的黄金时期。本文分为三个部分:第一部分,本文梳理了研究的目的和意义,在对拉姆伯特的自由逻辑研究中,讨论了 “存在”和自由逻辑的哲学基础上的研究,拉姆伯特自由逻辑思想国内外研究概况以及本论文的研究框架、内容、方法。第二部分中对于自由逻辑起源的探究,解析自由逻辑的起源,探讨“存在”一词的历史回顾和自由逻辑特征、分类。同时说明拉姆伯特对于逻辑定理的研究,拉姆伯特对于“存在”的理解和拉姆伯特定律的提出,并将自由逻辑理论的具体应用解析在预设、外延两个方面的应用。第三部分落脚于自由逻辑思想对当代逻辑学研究的启示以及对拉姆伯特思想研究后的整体性评价。自由逻辑在很多应用上是形式化的,其具有数理逻辑的抽象和应用性,将自然语言转化为形式语言,以给予自然语言形式化的精确表达,自由逻辑的思想正在更加丰满,更加合理的研究之路上努力。
[Abstract]:Free logic is a newly rising theory of logic which is formed after inheriting the spirit of logic philosophy and modifying the hypothesis of "existence" in classical logic. The theoretical origin of free logic comes from the logic foundation of ancient Greece. Its origin can be traced back to Aristotle's Category Chapter in the Theory of tools. Free logic is the product of modern formal logic. Carl Lambert was the founder of the term "free logic", which has been studied in liberal logic since the 1960s. The theory of free logic thought has important significance in the development of the whole logic philosophy, and also plays a role in connecting the past with the future. The summary and refinement of the theory of free logic deduces Rambert's law, which is widely used in the description theory. Its function is to dig deeply into the research of philosophy related theories such as logic, especially the research and development of the cross-theory of various disciplines from the philosophical perspective. The development of modern logic philosophy has produced many new branches of logic, and free logic ushered in the golden period of development. This paper is divided into three parts: the first part, this paper combs the purpose and significance of the study, discusses the philosophical basis of "existence" and free logic in the study of Lambert's free logic. Rambert's free logic thought at home and abroad as well as the research framework, content, methods. The second part explores the origin of the free logic, analyzes the origin of the free logic, discusses the historical review of the word "being" and the characteristics of the free logic, and classifies it. At the same time, it explains Rambert's research on logic theorem, Lambert's understanding of "existence" and the proposition of Lambert's law, and analyzes the application of free logic theory in two aspects: presupposition and extension. The third part is based on the enlightenment of free logic to contemporary logic research and the overall evaluation of Lambert's thought. Free logic is formalized in many applications, and it has the abstract and application of mathematical logic. It transforms natural language into formal language to give the natural language formal precise expression, and the thought of free logic is becoming more and more full. More reasonable research on the road to work.
【学位授予单位】:华中师范大学
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2017
【分类号】:B815.8

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