热门搜索: 论文 发表 社科期刊 北大核心 南大核心 cssci 科技期刊 教育

马克思现代性批判思想研究

发布时间:2019-01-11 13:55
【摘要】:现代性就是社会的世俗化,而世俗化的社会就是以经济行为的理性化为特征的资本主义社会。这样,对现代性的批判就形成了两条现实的路径:从理性的角度来看,现代性批判即理性的自我反思,现代性问题具体表现为工具理性的主导和主体自由的丧失;从资本的角度来看,现代性批判即对物化的生产关系的批判,现代性问题具体表现为资本增值过程中产生的“人的悖论”、“社会悖论”、“经济悖论”以及“生态悖论”。就马克思而言,他是在对资本的批判中展开其现代性批判的话语,而只有这条路径才是真正现实的路径。 在马克思看来,现代性问题就是资本运动过程中造成的整个社会的异化,人与人的关系被物的关系所取代,主体在对物的依附中丧失了自由。他指出,作为人的类本质的劳动在资本主义条件下发生了异化,劳动产品成了外存于劳动者的东西同劳动者相对立。迫于生存的压力,工人不得不把自己的劳动出售给资本家,而劳动又以劳动者即工人为载体,这样,工人就成了一种商品。但是,这是一种能够创造剩余价值的特殊商品,剩余价值的生产使得资本的积累成为可能。所以,不断地增值自身就成为资本的唯一冲动,而整个社会在这种冲动的支配下必然会陷于动荡不安之中。可见,马克思遵循的是一条“异化——商品——资本”的现代性批判路径。 通过对资本的批判,马克思深刻地指出了资本逻辑的四个现代性悖论。本文以为,要克服资本逻辑的悖论,就必须实现剩余价值向人自身的复归,复规到人赖以存在的社会环境和自然环境,通过这种复归,资本的增值才能成为经济的可持续发展。但是,要真正克服资本逻辑的悖论,实现剩余价值向人自身的复归,在资本主义条件下难以实现,只能由社会主义来完成。因为只有在社会主义条件下,这种复归才是自觉的,而实现这种复归的现实路径就是要坚持科学的发展观:坚持以人为本,克服资本逻辑的“人的悖论”;实现共同富裕,克服资本逻辑的“经济悖论”;构建和谐社会,克服资本逻辑的“社会悖论”;善待资源环境,克服资本逻辑的“生态悖论”。
[Abstract]:Modernity is the secularization of society, and secularization is a capitalist society characterized by the rationalization of economic behavior. In this way, the criticism of modernity has formed two realistic paths: from the perspective of rationality, modernity criticism is the self-reflection of reason, and the modernity problem is manifested in the dominance of instrumental rationality and the loss of subject freedom; From the point of view of capital, the critique of modernity is the critique of materialized relations of production. The problem of modernity is embodied in the paradox of man, social paradox, economic paradox and ecological paradox produced in the process of capital appreciation. As far as Marx is concerned, he carries out his discourse of modernity criticism in the critique of capital, and only this path is the real realistic path. In Marx's view, the problem of modernity is the alienation of the whole society caused by the process of capital movement. The relationship between people and people is replaced by the relationship of things, and the subject loses his freedom in the attachment to things. He pointed out that labor, as a kind of essence of human beings, has been alienated under capitalist conditions, and the products of labor have become the things that exist outside the laborer and are opposite to the laborer. Forced by the pressure of survival, workers had to sell their labor to capitalists, and labor was carried by workers, thus workers became a commodity. However, it is a special commodity which can create surplus value, and the production of surplus value makes the accumulation of capital possible. Therefore, the constant appreciation of itself becomes the only impulse of capital, and the whole society is bound to be in turmoil under the control of this impulse. It can be seen that Marx followed a modern critical path of alienation-commodity-capital. By criticizing capital, Marx points out the four modernity paradoxes of capital logic. This paper holds that in order to overcome the paradox of capital logic, it is necessary to realize the return of surplus value to people themselves and to the social environment and natural environment on which people depend. Through this kind of return, capital appreciation can become the sustainable development of economy. However, in order to overcome the paradox of capital logic and realize the return of surplus value to people themselves, it is difficult to achieve under capitalist conditions and can only be accomplished by socialism. Only under the condition of socialism, this kind of return is self-conscious, and the realistic way to realize this kind of return is to adhere to the scientific concept of development: to adhere to the people-oriented approach and to overcome the "paradox of man" in the logic of capital; To achieve common prosperity, to overcome the "economic paradox" of capital logic, to construct a harmonious society, to overcome the "social paradox" of capital logic, to treat resources well with the environment and to overcome the "ecological paradox" of capital logic.
【学位授予单位】:山西大学
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2012
【分类号】:A811

【参考文献】

相关期刊论文 前8条

1 李宝文;;当代研究范式转换中的现代性问题[J];马克思主义与现实;2010年03期

2 余乃忠;;资本的酵母:现代性膨胀的五大原则[J];马克思主义与现实;2010年03期

3 徐则荣;;经济全球化与中国经济自主科学发展——“中国经济规律研究会第21届年会”综述[J];马克思主义研究;2011年10期

4 张有奎;;马克思与现代性的诊疗[J];厦门大学学报(哲学社会科学版);2006年06期

5 郑玮;郑毓信;;现代性、后现代性与科学性[J];学习与探索;2009年02期

6 衣俊卿;现代性的维度及其当代命运[J];中国社会科学;2004年04期

7 俞吾金;马克思对现代性的诊断及其启示[J];中国社会科学;2005年01期

8 丰子义;马克思现代性思想的当代解读[J];中国社会科学;2005年04期

相关重要报纸文章 前1条

1 崔伟奇;[N];光明日报;2007年



本文编号:2407209


论文下载
论文发表
教材专著
专利申请


    下载步骤:
    1.微信扫码,备注编号 2407209.
    2.
    点击下载


    本文链接:http://www.bigengculture.com/shekelunwen/makesizhuyiyanjiu/2407209.html

    ×
    论文发表,推荐期刊