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宋代旅游研究

发布时间:2019-01-12 11:51  文章来源:笔耕文化传播
【摘要】:旅游是非定居者的旅行和暂时居留中引起的现象和关系的总和。在我国,旅游活动有着悠久的历史,经历了发生和发展的过程,并逐渐成为社会生活一个组成部分。宋代是我国封建经济发展的一个重要时期,商品经济的发展水平已达到一个新的高度。在社会经济特别是商品经济发展的基础上,宋代的旅游也兴盛起来。 旅游者作为旅游主体,对旅游活动的开展有着重要影响。宋代旅游者的构成是多层次的、复杂的,它涵盖了社会的各个阶级、阶层,但士大夫是旅游者队伍中的主力军。士大夫之所以是旅游者中的主力军,是因为他们有强烈的旅游欲望和较强的旅游支付能力、较多的可自由支配时间。 旅游资源是旅游活动的客体,是吸引旅游者前往游览观赏、娱乐休息和探险考察的客观存在。按旅游资源的性质,宋代旅游资源可划分为自然旅游资源和人文旅游资源两大类型。山水、洞岩和湖泊是自然旅游资源的主要成份,而寺庙宫观、城市、园林、花展、古迹等等,则是人文旅游资源的范畴。无论是自然资源还是人文资源,对宋代旅游者来说都具有同等重要的地位,但由于旅游者的经济社会地位、文化知识背景、居住地等方面的不同,其旅游地的选择是有差异的,士大夫多选择景色优美的山水田园和寺庙宫观,而乡村旅游者则多向往城市旅游地。宋代旅游资源的开发也取得了令人瞩目的成就,政府、私人和寺院宫观是宋代旅游资源开发最重要的主体,而独立开发和合作开发则是宋代旅游资源开发的基本形式。 宋代旅馆业表现出了旅馆的地域空间上分布广、多种类型、旅馆规模差距明显、旅馆业投资者成份复杂、经营方式多种多样等特点,并出现了所有权和经营权分离的现象。店铺数量多、分布广、品种丰富多彩、服务热情、促销方式多样等等,则是宋代饮食业的主要特征。宋代的旅游交通工具仍然是船、车、轿、马、驴等几种类型,但旅游地的交通工具租赁业尤其是西湖等地游船的出租业非常发达,表现出了旺盛的活力。另外,“导游”一词在宋代出现,不仅表明导游在宋代已成为一种社会现象,同时也反映了宋代旅游活动的兴盛。 旅游对宋朝政府财政的收支产生了影响,一方面,旅游活动给宋朝政府财政带来了一定的收益,但另一方面也给宋朝政府财政带来了沉重的负担。旅游业在一部分居民的
[Abstract]:Tourism is the sum of phenomena and relationships arising from travel and temporary residence of non-settlers. In China, tourism activities have a long history, experienced the process of occurrence and development, and gradually become a part of social life. Song Dynasty is an important period of the development of feudal economy in China, and the development level of commodity economy has reached a new height. On the basis of the development of social economy, especially commodity economy, the tourism of Song Dynasty also flourished. As the main body of tourism, tourists have an important influence on the development of tourism activities. The composition of tourists in Song Dynasty is multilevel and complex. It covers all classes and strata of society, but the literati and officials are the main force in the group of tourists. The reason why literati officials are the main force among tourists is that they have a strong desire to travel, a strong ability to pay for travel, and more free to spend their time. Tourist resources are the object of tourism activities and the objective existence of attracting tourists to visit, enjoy, relax and explore. According to the nature of tourism resources, tourism resources in Song Dynasty can be divided into two types: natural tourism resources and humanistic tourism resources. Mountains and rivers, cave rocks and lakes are the main components of natural tourism resources, while temples, cities, gardens, flower exhibitions, monuments and so on, are the category of human tourism resources. Both natural resources and human resources are equally important to the tourists of the Song Dynasty. However, due to the differences in the tourists' economic and social status, cultural knowledge background, residence and so on, the choice of tourist destinations is different. The literati choose the scenic pastoral and temple temples, while the rural tourists yearn for the city. The development of tourism resources in Song Dynasty has also made remarkable achievements. The government, private and monastery are the most important subjects in the development of tourism resources in Song Dynasty, and the independent development and cooperative development are the basic forms of the development of tourism resources in Song Dynasty. The hotel industry in Song Dynasty showed the characteristics of wide distribution and various types of hotel space, obvious difference in hotel scale, complex composition of investors and various management methods in hotel industry, and appeared the phenomenon of separation of ownership and management right. The main characteristics of the catering industry in Song Dynasty are the large number of shops, wide distribution, rich variety, enthusiasm of service, various ways of promotion and so on. The tourist transportation in Song Dynasty is still ship, car, sedan chair, horse, donkey and so on, but the leasing industry of tourist transportation, especially that of West Lake, is very developed, showing strong vitality. In addition, the appearance of the word "tour guide" in Song Dynasty not only indicates that tour guide has become a social phenomenon in Song Dynasty, but also reflects the prosperity of tourism activities in Song Dynasty. Tourism had an impact on the revenue and expenditure of the Song Dynasty government. On the one hand, tourism activities brought certain revenue to the Song Dynasty government finance, but on the other hand, it also brought a heavy burden to the Song Dynasty government finance. Tourism in part of the population
【学位授予单位】:河北大学
【学位级别】:博士
【学位授予年份】:2006
【分类号】:K244;F592.9

【引证文献】

相关博士学位论文 前1条

1 黄登峰;宋代城池建设研究[D];河北大学;2007年

相关硕士学位论文 前6条

1 于慧;魏晋南北朝时期旅游文化探析[D];山东师范大学;2011年

2 韩颖;宋代休闲生活初探[D];山东师范大学;2011年

3 许文娟;明清时期池州地区旅游研究[D];安徽大学;2011年

4 王卓;王十朋宦游初探[D];华中科技大学;2010年

5 王金伟;司马迁的旅游活动及旅游思想的初步研究[D];东北师范大学;2010年

6 韩芳;北宋东京休闲娱乐活动研究[D];河南大学;2012年



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