热门搜索: 论文 发表 社科期刊 北大核心 南大核心 cssci 科技期刊 教育

明代云南进士考论

发布时间:2019-01-12 12:51  文章来源:笔耕文化传播
【摘要】: 云南地处边远,自元代开始,首次在云南设置行省,在政治、经济、文化等方面影响甚广。云南自元代开始参加全国性科举考试,并产生6名进士。首开云南科举考试的先河,促进了儒学的传播。自明代开始,大规模汉族屯田移民的迁入,使汉族逐渐成为云南的主体民族。在明政府的重视和提倡下,云南兴教育、广教化,至天启间共建立各类学校274所,向学之风渐兴。有明一代,云南共产生了260名进士。本文就明代进士群体进行研究。希望能以点带面,进一步拓展对明代云南科举及相关历史问题的研究。 本文首先回顾了云南科举制度的沿革,其次介绍了明代云南文教的状况。第三部份分别从进士的人数、户籍、区域分布特点、家族性、仕宦状况及进士著作几方面着重分析了明代云南进士群体的特点。结论认为,云南进士主要集中在云南府、临安府和大理府这三个具有深厚文化底蕴的地区。且大理府、鹤庆府进士中本土进士数远多于外来移民进士数。说明该地区本土士人的文化水平较高。由于明代全滇普遍重视汉文化的学习和科举考试,因此形成了一定数量的科举家族;明代云南进士的仕宦级别普遍高于清代,且产生了大量谏官;涌现了一些文学家、史学家,留下了大量脍炙人口的诗篇和具有较高史料价值的文献。这些特征说明云南进士在明代形成崛起之势。最后一个部分论述了明代云南进士崛起的原因:主要由于元代为云南文教事业奠定了基础;明政府对云南科举的重视,并给予了云南生员许多优惠政策;外来移民进入云南并本土化后,逐渐改变了云南的文风,使“士知向学”;宦滇、谪滇名士在云南著书讲学,以其个人才能和交游改变了云南一方的文风。
[Abstract]:Yunnan is located in the remote area. Since Yuan Dynasty, Yunnan Province has been established for the first time, which has a wide influence on politics, economy, culture and so on. Yunnan began to participate in the National Imperial examination since the Yuan Dynasty, and the production of 6 Jinshi. The first to open the examination of Yunnan imperial examination, to promote the spread of Confucianism. Since the Ming Dynasty, the Han nationality has gradually become the main ethnic group in Yunnan. With the attention and encouragement of the Ming government, Yunnan developed education and education, and established 274 schools to the apocalypse. There were 260 scholars in Yunnan in Ming Dynasty. This article carries on the research to the Ming Dynasty Jin Shi community. Hope to further expand the Ming Dynasty Yunnan imperial examination and related historical issues. This paper first reviews the evolution of Yunnan imperial examination system, and then introduces the situation of Yunnan culture and education in Ming Dynasty. The third part analyzes the characteristics of the Jin Shi group in the Ming Dynasty from the following aspects: the number of Jin Shi, the household registration, the regional distribution, the family, the official status and the Jin Shi's works. The conclusion is that Yunnan Jinshi is mainly concentrated in Yunnan, Linan and Dali. And Dali Fu, Heqing Fuji, the number of local scholars far more than immigrants. This shows that the cultural level of the native scholars in this area is relatively high. Due to the general attention paid to the study of Han culture and the imperial examination in the Ming Dynasty, a certain number of imperial examination families were formed, and the official rank of the Jin Shi in the Ming Dynasty was generally higher than that of the Qing Dynasty, and a large number of remonstrant officials were produced. A number of writers and historians have emerged, leaving a large number of popular poems and documents of high historical value. These characteristics indicate the rising trend of Yunnan Jin Shi in Ming Dynasty. The last part discusses the reasons for the rise of Yunnan scholars in Ming Dynasty: mainly because the Yuan Dynasty laid a foundation for Yunnan culture and education, the Ming government attached importance to Yunnan imperial examination, and gave many preferential policies to Yunnan students. After immigration into Yunnan and localization, gradually changed the literary style of Yunnan, so that "scholars know the direction of learning"; official Yunnan, relegated Dian scholars in Yunnan books and lectures, with their personal talent and friends changed the style of Yunnan side.
【学位授予单位】:云南师范大学
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2008
【分类号】:K248

【引证文献】

相关博士学位论文 前1条

1 王红春;明代进士家状研究[D];华东师范大学;2013年

相关硕士学位论文 前1条

1 孟蝶;明代云南进士群体研究[D];辽宁师范大学;2012年



本文编号:2407797


论文下载
论文发表
教材专著
专利申请


    下载步骤:1.微信扫码,备注编号 2407797. 2.自助下载


    本文链接:http://www.bigengculture.com/shekelunwen/zggdslw/2407797.html