试论东晋南朝陈郡谢氏的盛衰

发布时间:2019-06-06 15:23
【摘要】: 本论文以东晋南朝陈郡谢氏为研究对象,比较全面地探讨了其崛起、兴盛、衰落的三个历史阶段并分析了其原因。 东晋时期,陈郡谢氏以谢鲲起家,尔后其子谢尚、从子谢奕、谢万等陆续出任西中郎将、豫州刺史等地方军政要职,谢氏兴起。当谢万被废为庶人后,在会稽东山隐居的其兄谢安为了家族的利益,毅然出仕。凭借他的声望和能力,迅速进入权力中枢,后任简文帝顾命大臣,使陈郡谢氏继续处在上升时期。但直到当权的桓温病死后,谢安才独掌朝政,谢氏子弟也因此纷纷担任军国要职,,陈郡谢氏进入强盛时期。淝水之战中,谢安、其弟谢石及谢玄、谢琰等子侄辈都为国立功。战后谢安被封为庐陵郡公、谢石被封为南康公、谢玄为康乐公、谢琰为望蔡公。谢氏一门四公,盛极一时。 东晋末年晋孝武帝开始伸张皇权,谢安、谢玄等遭到排挤,先后解职并死去,这标志着谢氏家族的强盛时期已经过去。虽然如此,谢氏家族的声望与地位当时仍维持在一个较高水平上。此后经孙恩、卢循农民起义的打击以及晋末宋初皇权重振的冲击,谢氏家族开始走向衰落,这个过程一直延续到南朝末年。当然,既使陈郡谢氏政治地位上处于衰落时期,其在仕宦、婚媾、文化的某些方面仍表现出与其衰落过程中某种程度的不同步性,这仍然符合东晋南朝士族衰落的特征,本文将对其中原因进行探究。此外,论文还对陈郡谢氏上升、强盛、衰落时期的重要人物进行一些个案分析,从而透视出陈郡谢氏的整体风貌。
[Abstract]:Taking Xie's in Chen County of the Eastern Jin and Southern dynasties as the research object, this paper comprehensively discusses the three historical stages of its rise, prosperity and decline, and analyzes the reasons for its rise, prosperity and decline. During the Eastern Jin Dynasty, Chen County Xie started with Xie Kun, then his son Xie Shang, from son Xie Yi, Xie Wan and other local military and political positions, such as Xizhonglang, Yuzhou assassination history and other local military and political positions, Xie's rise. When Xie Wan was abandoned as a common man, his brother Xie an, who lived in seclusion in Huiji Dongshan, resolutely went out for the benefit of the family. With his reputation and ability, he quickly entered the center of power and later served as minister of Emperor Jane Wen, so that Chen County Xie continued to rise. However, it was not until the death of Huanwen, who was in power, that Xie an was alone in charge of government, and Xie's children also held important positions in the army one after another, and Chen County Xie entered a period of prosperity. In the battle of Feishui, Xie an, his younger brother Xie Shi and Xie Xuan, Xie Yan and other nieces all contributed to the country. After the war, Xie an was named Luling County Gong, Xie Shi was named Nan Kang Gong, Xie Xuan was Kang Le Gong, and Xie Yan was Wang Cai Gong. Xie is a family of four men, prosperous for a while. At the end of the Eastern Jin Dynasty, Emperor Xiaowu of the Jin Dynasty began to extend his imperial power. Xie'an and Xie Xuan were excluded, dismissed and died one after another, which marked that the strong period of the Xie family had passed. Nevertheless, the prestige and status of the Xie family remained at a high level at the time. Since then, through Sun en, Lu Xun peasant uprising and the impact of the revival of imperial power in the late Jin and early Song dynasties, the Xie family began to decline, and this process continued until the end of the Southern Dynasty. Of course, even if Chen County Xie's political status is in a period of decline, some aspects of his official, marriage and culture still show a certain degree of insynchrony with his decline, which is still in line with the characteristics of the decline of the scholars in the Eastern Jin Dynasty and the Southern Dynasty. This paper will explore the reasons. In addition, the paper also makes some case analysis of the important figures in Chen County during the period of rising, strong and declining, so as to see through the overall style of Chen County Xie.
【学位授予单位】:南京师范大学
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2003
【分类号】:K235

【引证文献】

相关博士学位论文 前1条

1 刘宝春;南朝东海徐氏家族文化与文学研究[D];山东师范大学;2010年

相关硕士学位论文 前4条

1 张柳;南朝别诗研究[D];华东师范大学;2008年

2 李铁坚;身份内婚制:王、谢士族与东晋南朝门阀政治的没落[D];湖南科技大学;2008年

3 姜丽娟;试论东晋南朝陈郡谢氏的宗教信仰[D];南京大学;2012年

4 唐沛沛;南朝外戚研究[D];扬州大学;2011年



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