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湘潭“四清”运动研究

发布时间:2018-09-14 20:45  文章来源:笔耕文化传播
【摘要】: 我国在20世纪60年代初开始了一场轰轰烈烈的群众性的“四清”运动,旨在解决一些基层干部的作风问题和出于防修反修的考虑。湖南是全国开始“四清”运动最早的省份之一,也是运动表现最为积极的省份之一。湖南“四清”运动的许多做法直接为中央批印,供其它地区开展运动作为参考的样板。而湘潭地区又是全省开展“四清”运动最早的地区之一,是湖南“四清”运动的重点地区。 湘潭“四清”运动开始之前,整风整社运动先行开展,主要进行发动群众,整顿干部;开展对敌斗争,落实经济兑现等。它是“四清”运动的前奏和预演,其中许多“左”做法与“四清”运动相似,为“四清”运动的开展作了铺垫。 湘潭是湖南省开展“四清”运动最早的地区之一,走在全省的前列。湘潭地区较早就率先开展了社教运动,反对和打击“五股黑风”——单干风、投机风、偷盗风、赌博风、迷信风;并在直属机关、企事业单位开展新“五反”运动等。通过前期开展的社教运动,也为后来系统开展城乡“四清”运动作了准备。 随着中央《前十条》的出台,湘潭的“四清”运动按照中央的文件精神和省委的指示逐渐全面铺开。其中又经过了“四清”试点及逐步推开、贯彻《双十条》、开展城市社教运动、贯彻《二十三条》这四大过程,每个过程都突出强调要放手发动群众,组织工作队扎根串连,教育干部自觉革命、放包袱,此外还一度推广了“桃园经验”,集中力量打歼灭战,搞人海战术,开展了对敌斗争,进行夺权等,使运动朝更“左”的方向发展。运动最后随着“文革”的开始而纳入其中。 湘潭“四清”运动的开展,在促进干部思想作风转变、改善经营管理、巩固集体经济、发展生产等方面起到一定的积极作用,但运动始终是在“左”的指导思想下进行的,夸大了阶级斗争的形势,过分突出了搞阶级斗争,制造了不少冤假错案,打击和伤害了大批基层干部、群众,挫伤了他们的政治热情和生产建设的积极性。
[Abstract]:In the early 1960s, China began a mass "Siqing" movement, which aimed at solving the problem of the work style of some grassroots cadres and the consideration of preventing repair and opposing revision. Hunan was one of the earliest provinces and one of the most active provinces in China. Many practices of Hunan's "four Qing" movement are directly printed by the central government, which can be used as a reference model for other regions to carry out the movement. Xiangtan area is one of the earliest areas in Hunan province to carry out the "four Qing" movement, which is the key area of Hunan's "four Qing" movement. Before the "four Qing" movements in Xiangtan began, the rectification movement was launched first, mainly to mobilize the masses and rectify cadres; to wage struggle against the enemy; and to carry out economic fulfillment. It is the prelude and prelude to the movement of "four Qing", many of which are similar to the movement of "four Qing" and pave the way for the movement of "four Qing". Xiangtan is one of the earliest areas in Hunan Province to carry out the "four Qing" movement, walking in the forefront of the province. The Xiangtan region took the lead in launching a social education campaign earlier, opposing and cracking down on the "five black winds"-the "five black winds," the wind of speculation, the wind of theft, the wind of gambling, the wind of superstition, and the launching of a new movement against the "five evils" in directly affiliated organs, enterprises and institutions. Through the early social education movement, but also for the later systematic development of urban and rural "four Qing" movement. With the introduction of the first ten articles of the Central Committee, the "Siqing" movement in Xiangtan gradually spread out in an all-round way in accordance with the spirit of the documents of the Central Committee and the instructions of the provincial party committee. Among them, after the "four Qing" experiments were carried out and gradually pushed forward, the "double Ten" was carried out, the urban social education movement was launched, and < 23 articles were carried out. In each of these four major processes, it was highlighted that the masses should be mobilized freely and the task forces should be organized in tandem. The cadres were taught to consciously revolution and put away their burdens, in addition to spreading the "Taoyuan experience," concentrating their efforts on fighting the war of annihilation, engaging in mass tactics, launching struggles against the enemy, and seizing power, and so on, so that the movement developed in a more "left" direction. The movement finally came into being with the beginning of the Cultural Revolution. The "four Qing" movement in Xiangtan has played a positive role in promoting the transformation of cadres' ideological style, improving management, consolidating collective economy, and developing production, but the movement has always been carried out under the guiding ideology of "left". The situation of class struggle has been exaggerated, class struggle has been excessively highlighted, many unjust and false cases have been created, a large number of grassroots cadres and the masses have been attacked and injured, and their political enthusiasm and enthusiasm for production and construction have been dampened.
【学位授予单位】:湘潭大学
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2010
【分类号】:K27

【引证文献】

相关期刊论文 前1条

1 刘彦文;;“四清”运动中的基层整党问题研究——以甘肃省为中心的考察[J];中共党史研究;2011年10期



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