国民党改组派政治思想研究

发布时间:2019-01-09 15:41
【摘要】: 改组派是国民党内以汪精卫、陈公博为首的一个政治派别,是1927年前后国民党内部各种矛盾和斗争不可调和的产物。虽然改组派仅存在两年多的时间,却因为它从事的政治活动及提出的政治思想,曾经风靡全国,影响深远。 本文以辩证唯物主义和历史唯物主义为基本理论导向,综合运用历史学、政治学、心理学、社会学等学科的相关知识,来分析论述国民党改组派的政治思想及其历史影响。 本论文将在吸收前人研究成果的基础上,对国民党改组派政治思想做深入而系统的研究。文章结构共分前言、正文、结语三个部分。其中正文共分四个部分:第一部分介绍改组派产生的背景,包括改组派产生的政治基础、社会基础和舆论基础,并介绍改组同志会的成立及其组织构成;第二部分具体阐述改组派政治思想的主要内容;第三部分分析改组派政治思想的特点;第四部分论述改组派政治思想对其政治活动、对三民主义思想体系、对改组派个人命运的影响。 本论文重点对改组派的政治思想进行深入分析,并比较其内部各层次思想的异同,在此基础上说明改组派在国民党内的政治影响力,进而通过论述改组派思想与行动的背离,揭示其改组理论最终沦为空谈的原因。 改组派虽是民国时期存在时间不长的政治派别,但它在中华民国史上占有一定的地位并发挥了不小的能量,系统研究它的政治思想及活动,对当前中国的政治发展也是有借鉴意义的。改组派政治思想的不切实际及其自身的局限性,注定其拯救和复兴国民党的失败。
[Abstract]:The reorganization faction is a political faction headed by Wang Jingwei and Chen Gongbo in the Kuomintang, and it is the product of various contradictions and struggles within the Kuomintang before and after 1927. Although the reshuffle only existed for more than two years, it was popular all over the country because of its political activities and ideas. Taking dialectical materialism and historical materialism as the basic theoretical guidance, this paper makes comprehensive use of the relevant knowledge of history, politics, psychology, sociology and so on, to analyze and expound the political thought and its historical influence of the reorganized faction of the Kuomintang. On the basis of absorbing the previous research results, this thesis will make a deep and systematic study on the political thought of the KMT reorganizing school. The structure of the article is divided into three parts: preface, text and conclusion. The text is divided into four parts: the first part introduces the background of the reorganization faction, including the political basis, the social basis and the public opinion basis, and introduces the establishment and organization of the reorganized gay society; The second part elaborates the main contents of the political thought of the reconstituted school, the third part analyzes the characteristics of the political thought of the reconstituted school; The fourth part discusses the influence of the political thought on the political activities, on the ideology system of the three people's principles and on the personal destiny of the reorganizing school. This paper focuses on the in-depth analysis of the political thoughts of the reconstituted school, and compares the similarities and differences of the internal thoughts at all levels, and on this basis explains the political influence of the reconstituted school in the Kuomintang, and then discusses the deviation between the thought and the action of the reconstituted school. It reveals the reason why the theory of reorganization is reduced to empty talk. Although the reshuffle school was a political faction that existed for a short time in the period of the Republic of China, it occupied a certain position in the history of the Republic of China and played a significant role in the study of its political thought and activities. It is also of significance to the current political development of China. The impracticality and limitation of the reconstituted political thought doomed its failure to save and revive the Kuomintang.
【学位授予单位】:郑州大学
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2010
【分类号】:K262;D693

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