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十三世达赖喇嘛与西藏上层关系述评

发布时间:2019-02-11 20:56  文章来源:笔耕文化传播
【摘要】:十三世达赖喇嘛在中国近代史上是一个颇具争议性的人物。从他踏上西藏神坛的那一刻起,复杂的国际国内形势已经注定了他的一生将是坎坷而曲折的一生。面对这种复杂的形势,十三世达赖喇嘛并没有放弃对自己和对西藏的信心,他从亲政开始,便按照计划一步步地去勾画他心目中美好的蓝图。在西藏的内部斗争中,他利用各种手段和方法,逐一打败了各方面的政敌,完成了对西藏的绝对统治。在处理与中央政府的关系时,他对清政府的对外妥协政策深为反感,因而表现出几次反复,甚至中间还表示出一种分裂主义的倾向。对英国侵略者,他先是坚决抗争,屡战屡败后,竟然对英国侵略者由仇恨转为亲近,而且还借助英国的力量向中央政府施压。正是由于这一点,在他的个人档案中增添了不光彩的一笔。但是,人非圣贤,孰能无过?到了晚年,十三世达赖喇嘛终于重新找回自己的定位,回到了祖国的怀抱,也为他的一生划上了一个比较圆满的句号。 本文着重从辛亥革命前,十三世达赖喇嘛与西藏上层势力中比较具有典型代表性的人物之间的各种关系入手,如第穆摄政和九世班禅等,特别还提到了他与在西藏代表清政府的驻藏大臣之间错综复杂的关系,进而比较全面地向世人展示十三世达赖喇嘛的执政理念和政治手段,并探讨十三世达赖喇嘛在西藏政坛的贡献与失误。
[Abstract]:The XIII Dalai Lama is a controversial figure in China's modern history. From the moment he set foot on the Tibetan shrine, the complicated international and domestic situation had doomed his life to be bumpy and tortuous. In the face of this complicated situation, the 13th Dalai Lama did not give up his confidence in himself and Tibet. From the beginning of his own administration, he began to draw up his vision of a beautiful blueprint step by step according to the plan. In the internal struggle in Tibet, he used various means and methods to defeat his political opponents one by one and to complete his absolute rule over Tibet. In dealing with the relations with the central government, he was deeply disgusted by the foreign compromise policy of the Qing government, so he showed several iterations, and even showed a tendency of separatism in the middle. To the British invaders, he first resolutely fought, and after repeated defeats, he turned the British invaders from hatred to closeness, and also used British forces to put pressure on the central government. It was for this reason that he added a disgraceful sum to his personal file. However, people are not saints, who can not do? In his later years, the 13th Dalai Lama finally regained his position, returned to the embrace of the motherland, and put a relatively satisfactory end to his life. This paper focuses on the relationships between the Dalai Lama of the 13th Dalai Lama and the more representative figures in the upper classes of Tibet before the Revolution of 1911, such as the Regent of the Mu Dynasty and the Ninth Panchen Lama. In particular, he also mentioned the intricate relationship between him and the ministers stationed in Tibet who represented the Qing government in Tibet, and thus more comprehensively demonstrated to the world the ruling ideas and political means of the 13th Dalai Lama. And discusses the 13 th Dalai Lama's contributions and mistakes in Tibetan politics.
【学位授予单位】:中央民族大学
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2005
【分类号】:K281

【引证文献】

相关期刊论文 前1条

1 央珍;喜饶尼玛;;近代西藏研究述评[J];西藏民族学院学报(哲学社会科学版);2010年05期

相关硕士学位论文 前1条

1 孟娜;清末民初十三世达赖喇嘛两次出走述评[D];中央民族大学;2011年



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