当前位置:主页 > 社科论文 > 民族史志论文 >

二十世纪二十年代成都汽车客运业研究

发布时间:2019-07-10 13:42
【摘要】:川省向无铁路,亦无汽车路,蜀道艰险,行旅长途,工商莫展,文化无由进输。然有识之士首倡平治道路,改良街市。现代化的交通工具也随之登上了成都交通舞台。对成都的经济发展和对外交流起了重大的推动作用。 四川兴办汽车运输,较之我国多数省、市为晚,而以成都为最早。由于街市和以成都为中心的马路的大量兴筑,成都开始有了现代化的运输工具——汽车。民国十五年一月,成灌长途汽车公司客车首次由成都驶往灌县,成都由此开启了汽车客运事业。同月,华达汽车公司开行成都市区,可视为成都城市公交的开端。现代化汽车的出现,犹如一声惊雷,使人们的生活方式从此有了不一样的变式。 当时的四川,正处于军阀割据时期,政务混乱,战乱频仍,防区之间,壁垒森严,致使成都的汽车客运事业发展相对困难而缓慢,,以防区为主开办汽车运输,是四川独具的特点。此时期的四川汽车运输,虽未能有较大的发展,毕竟从无到有,开创了汽车运输的新局面。 本文主要分四个部分来阐述成都汽车客运业的兴起、发展和特点。第一部分,简要回顾了二十年代前成都陆路交通及交通工具的产生、发展状况。第二部分主要回顾了成都二十年代公路兴筑始末和筑路成果。第三部分,主要阐述了二十年代成都的市内公共汽车客运状况和以防区为主的长途汽车客运状况及相关管理规定和汽车运输职工的遭遇以及他们为争取生存权利而进行的斗争;第四部分对成都二十年代汽车客运事业的特点的分析。
[Abstract]:Sichuan Province has no railway, no car road, Shu Road difficult and dangerous, long-distance travel, no industrial and commercial exhibition, no reason for culture to enter and lose. However, people of insight initiated the promotion of peaceful governance of the road and the improvement of markets. Modern means of transportation have also boarded the Chengdu traffic stage. It has played an important role in promoting Chengdu's economic development and foreign exchanges. Sichuan set up automobile transportation, compared with most provinces of our country, the city is late, and Chengdu is the earliest. As a result of the market and Chengdu as the center of the road boom, Chengdu began to have a modern means of transport-cars. In January 1985, Chengdu started the passenger transport industry by driving the bus from Chengdu to Guxian for the first time. In the same month, Huada Motor Company opened Chengdu urban area, can be regarded as the beginning of Chengdu urban public transport. The emergence of modern cars, like a thunder, so that people's way of life has changed from now on. At that time, Sichuan was in the period of warlord secession, the government affairs were chaotic, the war was frequent, and the walls were strict between the defense areas, which made the development of automobile passenger transport in Chengdu relatively difficult and slow. It was a unique feature of Sichuan to set up automobile transportation mainly in the defense area. Although Sichuan automobile transportation in this period has not made great development, after all, it has opened up a new situation of automobile transportation. This paper is divided into four parts to explain the rise, development and characteristics of Chengdu automobile passenger industry. The first part briefly reviews the emergence and development of land transportation and means of transportation in Chengdu before the 1920 s. The second part mainly reviews the beginning and end of Chengdu 20 s highway construction and the achievements of road construction. The third part mainly expounds the situation of bus passenger transport in Chengdu in the 1920s and the long distance bus passenger transport situation and related management regulations in the defense area, as well as the experiences of the automobile transportation workers and their struggle for the right to survival; the fourth part analyzes the characteristics of the automobile passenger transport industry in Chengdu in the 1920s.
【学位授予单位】:四川大学
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2006
【分类号】:K297;F542

【引证文献】

相关硕士学位论文 前1条

1 张致森;二十世纪三十~四十年代成都市人力车夫研究[D];四川大学;2007年



本文编号:2512639

论文下载
论文发表
教材专著
专利申请


    下载步骤:
    1.微信扫码,备注编号 2512639.
    2.
    点击下载


    本文链接:http://www.bigengculture.com/shekelunwen/zgmzsz/2512639.html