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梁武帝统治思想研究

发布时间:2018-02-14 01:46  文章来源:笔耕文化传播

  本文关键词: 梁武帝 统治思想 儒学 佛学 出处:《湖北大学》2012年硕士论文 论文类型:学位论文


【摘要】:历史上的梁武帝一直受到后人的非议,盖因其统治后期的佞佛和侯景之乱导致了梁朝的短祚而亡。自近代史学建立以来,有关梁武帝的研究成果颇多,但是对其个人思想方面的研究还较少,从而也影响了我们对梁武帝的客观评价。 梁武帝的家世出身和个人经历,结合当时的社会思潮、政治局面导致了其早年的倾心向儒,而他幼年时接受的儒家“礼”、“孝”思想,则为他后来在建梁后以儒家思想治国奠定了基础。在其统治前期,梁武帝以儒家思想文化的核心思想即王道仁政思想、民本思想和大一统思想为指导,进行了一系列巩固统治的措施,使梁朝达到了南朝的鼎盛。后来为了维护皇权与稳定政局,他在个人信仰方面由奉道转为崇佛。在其统治后期,梁武帝沉溺佛教,致使他的吏治相应地表现出显著的佛教色彩,但是他在崇佛的同时并没有舍弃儒家思想,而是想把儒家思想融入佛学思想中去,从而缓解儒佛的矛盾。然而儒释相反,难以并行。所以梁武帝的崇佛带给梁朝的只有经济上的破坏和政治上的腐败,曾经在前期初显繁荣的南梁帝国也逐渐走向穷途末路。 梁武帝时期的尊儒崇佛,为后来隋唐繁荣的文化与高度的文明提供了丰富的文化遗产。他的“三教同源”说为后来佛教融入中国传统思想奠定了基础。梁朝的短祚而亡更是说明了我们必须接受古代人治的深刻教训,以及现代社会必须进行法治的必要。
[Abstract]:In history, Emperor Wu of Liang was criticized by later generations, and Gai died as a result of the chaos of the tongue-tongued Buddha and Houjing in the late period of his rule. Since the establishment of modern historiography, there have been a lot of research achievements on Emperor Wu of Liang. However, the study of his personal thought is still less, which also affects our objective evaluation of Emperor Wu of the Liang Dynasty. The family background and personal experience of Emperor Wu of the Liang Dynasty, combined with the social trend of thought at that time, led to his early devotion to Confucianism, and the Confucian "rites" and "filial piety" he accepted when he was a child. In the early days of his rule, Emperor Wu was guided by the core ideology of Confucian ideology and culture, namely, the thought of benevolence and government of king Tao, the thought of people-oriented and the thought of unification. Through a series of measures to consolidate his rule, the Liang Dynasty reached the height of the Southern Dynasty. Later, in order to maintain the imperial power and stabilize the political situation, he changed his personal faith from Taoism to Buddhism. In the later period of his reign, Emperor Wu of Liang indulged in Buddhism. As a result, his official administration showed a remarkable Buddhist color, but he did not abandon Confucianism while worshipping Buddhism. Instead, he wanted to integrate Confucianism into Buddhist thought, thus easing the contradiction between Confucianism and Buddhism. However, Confucianism and Buddhism on the contrary. Therefore, the worship of Buddha by Emperor Wu of the Liang Dynasty brought only economic destruction and political corruption to the Liang Dynasty, and the Southern Liang Empire, which had flourished in the early days, gradually went to the end of the road. During the reign of Emperor Wu of the Liang Dynasty, Confucianism and Buddhism were respected, It provided rich cultural heritage for the prosperous culture and high civilization of Sui and Tang dynasties. His theory of "three religions homology" laid a foundation for the later integration of Buddhism into the traditional Chinese thought. Must accept the profound lessons of the rule of the ancient people, And modern society must carry on the necessity of rule of law.
【学位授予单位】:湖北大学
【学位级别】:硕士
【学位授予年份】:2012
【分类号】:D691;K239.13

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