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论清帝阙里祭孔与清前期统治合法性的确立

发布时间:2019-01-10 21:22  文章来源:笔耕文化传播
【摘要】:清朝以"异族"入主中原,统治合法性备受汉人士大夫的质疑与诘问。在此环境下,清前期(顺治至乾隆)诸帝切实学习儒家文化,贯彻文治策略,康熙、乾隆两帝还先后数次亲祭阙里孔庙。此举极大笼络了汉人士大夫群体,消弭着满汉畛域和华夷界限。同时,清帝通过阙里祭孔,将"道统"与"治统"集于己身,加强了君主集权。从孔氏后裔的观感变化和臣僚士大夫的积极回应中,可以看到阙里祭孔取得了良好成效。经过君臣之间的互动、调适与契合,清朝统治的合法性得以确立和巩固。以清帝阙里祭孔为研究切入点,也将加深我们对清代政治史的认识。
[Abstract]:The ruling legitimacy of Qing Dynasty was questioned and heckled by Chinese literati and officials. In this environment, the early Qing Dynasty (Shunzhi to Qianlong) the emperors really learn the Confucian culture, carry out the strategy of cultural governance, Kangxi, Qianlong two emperors also a number of relatives of the que Li Temple. This greatly attracted the Han literati and officials group, to eliminate the boundary between Han and Han. At the same time, the Qing emperor gathered "Taoism" and "governing unification" in his body through the sacrificial hole in the que, which strengthened the monarch's centralization. From the changes of the perception of Confucius'descendants and the positive response of the officials and officials, we can see that the Queli Jikong has achieved good results. Through the interaction between monarch and minister, the legitimacy of Qing Dynasty rule was established and consolidated. It will deepen our understanding of the political history of Qing Dynasty.
【作者单位】: 中国人民大学清史研究所;
【分类号】:K249;K892.9

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