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商业与公益之间:清代民间公项经费存典生息研究

发布时间:2019-01-11 08:59  文章来源:笔耕文化传播
【摘要】:存典生息是清代民间公项经费保值增值的一种较为普遍的方式。不同于纯粹的商业化运作,这种经费的存典生息并非以追求利润的最大化为第一目标,而是以资金安全为首要考量,且受市场因素影响往往相对较小,主要表现在:一是其利率并非完全由市场决定;二是其往往带有强制性;三是其商业风险相对较小。清代民间公项经费的存典生息,较好地实现了商业与公益的结合,既体现了典当业对社会公益的责任和义务,也彰显了政府和社会对公益事业的保护和支持。士绅、典当商、政府的协力合作为有清一代民间公益经费保障体系的构建奠定了较为坚实的基础。
[Abstract]:It is a common way to preserve and increase the value of public item funds in Qing Dynasty. Different from pure commercial operation, the deposit interest of this kind of funds is not the first objective to pursue the maximization of profits, but the first consideration is the safety of funds, and is often relatively small by market factors. The main manifestations are as follows: first, the interest rate is not completely determined by the market; Second, it is often mandatory; third, its commercial risk is relatively small. In the Qing Dynasty, the savings and interest of the folk public item funds had better realized the combination of business and public welfare, which not only embodied the responsibility and obligation of pawnbroking to the public welfare, but also demonstrated the protection and support of the government and the society to the public welfare cause. The cooperation of gentry, pawnbroker and government laid a solid foundation for the construction of public welfare fund system in Qing Dynasty.
【作者单位】: 安徽师范大学历史与社会学院;
【基金】:国家社科基金重大招标项目“六百年徽商资料整理与研究”(13&ZD088)
【分类号】:K249.3


本文编号:2406938


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