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语言边界论

发布时间:2019-01-13 09:42  文章来源:笔耕文化传播
【摘要】:21世纪科技高度发达,但语言到底是什么的老问题还没有解决。不仅老问题还没有很好解决,而且新问题也在亟待解决。这些问题都可以归结为语言在哪里的问题,或语言与存在的问题,也即语言的边界问题。本文企图通过回答语言在哪里的问题来寻求找到语言是什么的问题的新视角,以此促成语言存在的边界转向。因此其主要贡献在于(1)明确提出语言是边界。(2)发现语言有边界。(3)建立了语言边界运动体系。(4)提出并实施哲学的“whereis”范式。(5)提出并初步建立了语言边界方法论。(6)回答了语言在哪里的问题。总之,某个意义上找到了语言的本质:语言是边界。也即是回答了语言是什么的根本问题。思想史上还少有提出过语言在哪里的问题,更没有科学地回答过语言在哪里的问题。我们希望通过回答语言在哪里的问题来接近对语言是什么的问题的回答。我们的回答是:语言在边界。本文围绕语言在哪里的问题探索了三个方面、回答了三个基本问题。本文探索了(1)边界的属性及语言边界思想的源头(2)语言边界的宏观、中观以及微观层面(3)语言边界方法论。本文根据语言的边界属性也就是语言的边界性回答了语言是什么、在哪里、语言能力是什么、语法的本质是什么等问题。本文提出边界是语言、知识和主体性三位一体的存在,所以,语言是边界的基本属性之一,由此提出建立新语言观、新知识观和新主体性观。文章把语言纳入整个宇宙的考虑中,认为语言是有层级性的存在,不是人类所独有的,指出人类语言(HL)的普遍语法受制于宇宙(世界)普遍语法,而人类语言的语法与语言能力也是有层级性的,各自有各自的边界条件。该研究为语法的自然属性和社会属性划界,发现现代有关的语言理论各有自己的正确性,而语言边界思想有利于消解有关语言的一些冲突进而达到统一。本文通过对人类语言的中观和微观的边界运动,探索了边界语法,揭示了人类语言的边界性,并运用语言边界方法对语言的历时与共时的本质、词与句的边界问题、外语教育问题、语言的感知与产出问题、人-机翻译的边界问题进行了具体的探索。通过该研究的实施,本文超越传统的“whatis”范式,开启了“whereis”的哲学范式,建立了语言学的语言边界理论,提供了另一种解决语言问题的途径。如果说海德格尔为存在找到了家——语言,那么我们为语言找到了“家”——边界,进而说明存在的循环本质。最终回答了语言是什么这个根本问题:语言是边界。
[Abstract]:Science and technology are highly developed in the 21 st century, but the old problem of what language is has not been solved. Not only the old problem has not been solved well, but also the new problem needs to be solved. These problems can all be attributed to the question of where language is, or the problem of language and existence, that is, the boundary problem of language. This paper attempts to find a new perspective on what language is by answering the question of where language is, so as to promote the boundary turn of language existence. Therefore, its main contribution lies in: (1) making it clear that language is a boundary; (2) finding that language has a boundary; (3) establishing a system of language boundary movement; (4) proposing and implementing the "whereis" paradigm of philosophy. (5) proposing a "whereis" paradigm for philosophy. The methodology of language boundary is established preliminarily. (6) the question of where the language is answered. In a word, we find the essence of language in a sense: language is the boundary. That is, to answer the fundamental question of what language is. In the history of thought, there are few questions about where the language is, let alone a scientific answer to the question of where the language is. We want to approach the answer to the question of what language is by answering the question of where the language is. Our answer is: language is at the border. This paper explores three aspects and answers three basic questions about where language lies. This paper explores (1) the attributes of the boundary and the source of the thought of the language boundary (2) the macro, meso and micro levels of the language boundary (3) the methodology of the language boundary. According to the boundary attribute of language, which is the boundary of language, this paper answers the questions of what language is, where it is, what language ability is, what is the essence of grammar, and so on. This paper points out that the boundary exists as a trinity of language, knowledge and subjectivity. Therefore, language is one of the basic attributes of the boundary, and a new view of language, a new view of knowledge and a new view of subjectivity are put forward. Taking language into consideration of the whole universe, this paper holds that language is a hierarchical existence, which is not unique to human beings. It is pointed out that the universal grammar of human language (HL) is restricted by universal grammar of the universe (the world). The grammar and language ability of human language are also hierarchical, each has its own boundary conditions. This study delimits the natural and social attributes of grammar and finds that modern linguistic theories have their own correctness, while the thought of linguistic boundary helps to resolve some conflicts of language and achieve unity. This paper explores the boundary grammar, reveals the boundary of human language, and applies the language boundary method to analyze the synchronic nature of language and the boundary between words and sentences. The problems of foreign language education, language perception and production, and the boundary of human-machine translation are explored in detail. Through the implementation of this study, this paper transcends the traditional "whatis" paradigm, opens the philosophical paradigm of "whereis", and establishes the linguistic boundary theory of linguistics, which provides another way to solve language problems. If Heidegger finds home-language for existence, then we find "home"-boundary for language, and then explain the circular nature of existence. Finally, it answers the fundamental question of what language is: language is the boundary.
【学位授予单位】:湖南大学
【学位级别】:博士
【学位授予年份】:2016
【分类号】:H0-0


本文编号:2408324


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